List of World Heritage Sites in Italy

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.

- List of World Heritage Sites in Italy

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World Heritage Site

Landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention administered by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization .

The World Heritage emblem is used to identify properties protected by the World Heritage Convention and inscribed on the official World Heritage List.
Site No. 252: Taj Mahal, an example of a cultural heritage site
Site No. 156: Serengeti National Park, an example of a natural heritage site
Site No. 274: Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, an example of a mixed heritage site
Site No. 1, the Galápagos Islands, had its boundaries extended in 2001 and 2003, and was included on the danger list from 2007 to 2010
UNESCO World Heritage Sites

With 58 selected areas, Italy is the country with the most sites on the list.


Country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it, whose territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.

Expansion of the territory called "Italy" from ancient Greece until Diocletian
The Iron Crown of Lombardy, for centuries a symbol of the Kings of Italy
Marco Polo, explorer of the 13th century, recorded his 24 years-long travels in the Book of the Marvels of the World, introducing Europeans to Central Asia and China.
The Italian states before the beginning of the Italian Wars in 1494
Leonardo da Vinci, the quintessential Renaissance man, in a self-portrait (ca. 1512, Royal Library, Turin)
Christopher Columbus leads an expedition to the New World, 1492. His voyages are celebrated as the discovery of the Americas from a European perspective, and they opened a new era in the history of humankind and sustained contact between the two worlds.
Flag of the Cispadane Republic, which was the first Italian tricolour adopted by a sovereign Italian state (1797)
Holographic copy of 1847 of Il Canto degli Italiani, the Italian national anthem since 1946
Animated map of the Italian unification from 1829 to 1871
The Victor Emmanuel II Monument in Rome, a national symbol of Italy celebrating the first king of the unified country, and resting place of the Italian Unknown Soldier since the end of World War I. It was inaugurated in 1911, on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Unification of Italy.
The fascist dictator Benito Mussolini titled himself Duce and ruled the country from 1922 to 1943.
Areas controlled by the Italian Empire at its peak
Italian partisans in Milan during the Italian Civil War, April 1945
Alcide De Gasperi, first republican Prime Minister of Italy and one of the Founding Fathers of the European Union
The signing ceremony of the Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the European Economic Community, forerunner of the present-day European Union
Funerals of the victims of the Bologna bombing of 2 August 1980, the deadliest attack ever perpetrated in Italy during the Years of Lead
Italian government task force to face the COVID-19 emergency
Topographic map of Italy
Dolphins in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Aeolian Islands
National and regional parks in Italy
Gran Paradiso, established in 1922, is the oldest Italian national park.
The Italian wolf, the national animal of Italy
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map of Italy
The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of Italy.
The Supreme Court of Cassation, Rome
An Alfa Romeo 159 vehicle of the Carabinieri corps
Group photo of the G7 leaders at the 43rd G7 summit in Taormina
Heraldic coat of arms of the Italian Armed Forces
A proportional representation of Italy exports, 2019
Milan is the economic capital of Italy, and is a global financial centre and a fashion capital of the world.
A Carrara marble quarry
The Autostrada dei Laghi ("Lakes Motorway"), the first motorway built in the world
FS' Frecciarossa 1000 high speed train, with a maximum speed of 400 km/h
Trieste, the main port of the northern Adriatic and starting point of the Transalpine Pipeline
ENI is considered one of the world's oil and gas "Supermajors".
Solar panels in Piombino. Italy is one of the world's largest producers of renewable energy.
Galileo Galilei, the father of modern science, physics and astronomy
Enrico Fermi, creator of the world's first first nuclear reactor
The Amalfi Coast is one of Italy's major tourist destinations.
Map of Italy's population density at the 2011 census
Italy is home to a large population of migrants from Eastern Europe and North Africa.
Linguistic map showing the languages spoken in Italy
Vatican City, the Holy See's sovereign territory
Bologna University, established in AD 1088, is the world's oldest academic institution.
Olive oil and vegetables are central to the Mediterranean diet.
Carnival of Venice
The Last Supper (1494–1499), Leonardo da Vinci, Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
Michelangelo's David (1501–1504), Galleria dell'Accademia, Florence
The Birth of Venus (1484–1486), Sandro Botticelli, Uffizi Gallery, Florence
Dante shown holding a copy of the Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the mount of Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelino's fresco, 1465
Niccolò Machiavelli, founder of modern political science and ethics
Pinocchio is one of the world's most translated books and a canonical piece of children's literature.
Clockwise from top left: Thomas Aquinas, proponent of natural theology and the Father of Thomism; Giordano Bruno, one of the major scientific figures of the Western world; Cesare Beccaria, considered the Father of criminal justice and modern criminal law; and Maria Montessori, credited with the creation of the Montessori education
La Scala opera house
Statues of Pantalone and Harlequin, two stock characters from the Commedia dell'arte, in the Museo Teatrale alla Scala
Dario Fo, one of the most widely performed playwrights in modern theatre, received international acclaim for his highly improvisational style.
Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, Madama Butterfly and Turandot, are among the most frequently worldwide performed in the standard repertoire
Luciano Pavarotti, considered one of the finest tenors of the 20th century and the "King of the High Cs"
Giorgio Moroder, pioneer of Italo disco and electronic dance music, is known as the "Father of disco".
Entrance to Cinecittà in Rome
The Azzurri in 2012. Football is the most popular sport in Italy.
Starting in 1909, the Giro d'Italia is the Grands Tours' second oldest.
A Ferrari SF21 by Scuderia Ferrari, the most successful Formula One team
Prada shop at Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan
The traditional recipe for spaghetti with tomato and basil sauce
Italian wine and salumi
The Frecce Tricolori, with the smoke trails representing the national colours of Italy, during the celebrations of the Festa della Repubblica
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world.

As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy has the world's largest number of World Heritage Sites (58), and is the fifth-most visited country.

Italian Riviera

Narrow coastal strip in Italy which lies between the Ligurian Sea and the mountain chain formed by the Maritime Alps and the Apennines.

Liguria and the Italian Riviera
La Riviera italienne, travel poster for ENIT, ca. 1920.
Giardino all'italiana Cervara Abbey

A number of streets and palaces in the center of Genoa and the Cinque Terre National Park (which includes Cinque Terre, Portovenere, and the islands Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) are two of Italy's 58 World Heritage Sites.

Tourism in Spain

Major contributor to national economic life, contributing to about 11.8% of Spain's GDP .

Full view of the Alhambra, Granada
San Lorenzo de El Escorial, construction started in 1559 – located 28 mi northwest of Madrid.
Sagrada Família in Barcelona.
AVE train in Córdoba.
The Teide National Park, on the island of Tenerife is the most visited national park in Spain.
Puerto Banús, Marbella, Málaga, Costa del Sol.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.
Plaza Mayor in Madrid
The 12th century Cathedral in Cuenca
Holy Week in Astorga
The running of the bulls in Pamplona
Night view of Plaza de Cibeles (square) in Madrid (Spain), with Christmas lights.
Puerta del Sol in Madrid is a very popular place for nightlife.
Baqueira-Beret ski resort.
The dehesa landscape typical to some inland parts of Spain
The Picos de Europa National Park in the Green Spain
Museo del Prado
Museo Reina Sofía (MNCARS).
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum
Royal Armoury, Royal Palace of Madrid.
National Archaeological Museum of Spain
National Museum of Natural Sciences
El Aquelarre, Francisco de Goya. Lázaro Galdiano Museum.
Caixa Forum Madrid.
Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA).
Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (MNAC).
Fundació Antoni Tàpies.
Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona (CCCB).
CaixaForum Barcelona.
Tossa de Mar beach.

As of October 2016, Spain has 45 total sites inscribed on the list, third only to Italy (51) and China (50).

Tourism in Italy

One of the economic sectors of the country.

The Colosseum in Rome, one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world.
The city of Venice, ranked many times as the most beautiful city in the world.
Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence
Sassi di Matera
Milan Cathedral is a busy tourist spot in Milan. It is the world's 4th biggest cathedral and took over five centuries to complete.
The Amalfi Coast seen from Villa Cimbrone, in Ravello, Campania, one of the most popular tourist destinations in Italy.
Islands such as Capri became popular in the late 14th century and first decade of the 19th century
The Forum of Pompeii with Vesuvius in the distance. Pompeii is Italy's third and the world's 48th most visited destination, with over 2.5 million tourists a year.
Cinque Terre on the Italian Riviera
Cathedral of Palermo, Sicily
Arena di Verona
Topographic map of Italy
Map of the climate of Italy
Leonardo da Vinci International Airport in Rome
Ferragosto fireworks display in Padua on 15 August 2010
Royal Palace of Caserta
Scrovegni Chapel in Padua
View of the Parco degli Acquedotti in Rome, where there is a large concentration of Roman aqueducts
Sea in Otranto, Apulia
A cruise ship near Venice
Submerged Archaeological Park of Baiae
Rocca Borromeo di Angera, on the shores of Lake Maggiore
Cortina d'Ampezzo in winter
Vesuvius, the only active volcano in Continental Europe.
Langhe hills, Piedmont
Naviglio Grande in Gaggiano, Lombardy
Via Montenapoleone in Milan
Spa in Bormio, Lombardy
Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome
The Via Francigena in Ariano Irpino, Campania
Flamingos in the delta of the Po river
Castellana Caves
Fiera Milano
Venice Film Festival
The traditional recipe for spaghetti with tomato and basil sauce
Italian wine and salumi
2006 Turin Winter Olympics opening ceremony
Carnival of Venice
Palio di Siena
Valle dei Templi, Sicily
Anversa degli Abruzzi, Abruzzo
Colonne di San Lorenzo in Milan, Lombardy
The rainbow flag flies in Capocotta, a gay-friendly beach on the Italian Mediterranean Sea
The entrance to Gardaland seen from inside the amusement park
Map of the Italian diaspora in the world
University of Bologna, established in AD 1088, is the world's oldest academic institution.
The Fénis Castle, 13th century (Aosta Valley)
Bologna, Emilia Romagna.
View of Lucca, Tuscany, from the Torre Guinigi
Trulli in Alberobello, Apulia.
La Maddalena, Sardinia
Ruins of Herculaneum
San Francesco di Paola, Naples, in Piazza del Plebiscito.
Piazza della Signoria in Florence with the Palazzo Vecchio and the Loggia dei Lanzi
Venice, with the Rialto Bridge in the background.
The Duomo and the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
The Mirror Gallery of the Royal Palace of Genoa.
Mantua, Lombardy.
The Tremezzo Grand Hotel on Lake Como.
Genoa International Boat Show
2019 Italian Grand Prix
Derby della Madonnina (15 February 2009)

Out of Italy's 58 heritage sites, 53 are cultural and 5 are natural.

Culture of Italy

Considered one of the birthplaces of Western civilization and a cultural superpower.

St. Peter's Basilica, a representation of Renaissance and Baroque architecture
The Sistine Chapel ceiling, with frescos done by Michelangelo
Roman mosaic of Virgil, the most important Latin poet of the Augustan period
Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is an Italian art masterpiece worldwide famous.
Florence Cathedral, Arnolfo di Cambio, campanile by Giotto dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi.
the Arch of Constantine in Rome.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
A Prada shop in Singapore.
Gucci and Dolce & Gabbana Store on the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas
Dante Alighieri, one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages. His epic poem The Divine Comedy ranks among the finest works of world literature.
Alessandro Manzoni, one of Italy's greatest 19th-century writers.
Federico Fellini, considered one of the most influential and widely revered filmmakers of the 20th century.
The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world and one of the "Big Three" alongside Cannes and Berlin
Antonio Vivaldi, in 1723. His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as The Four Seasons
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by Giovanni Boldini.
Galileo Galilei, the founder of modern experimental science.
iCub robot at the Genoa Science Festival, Italy, in 2009
David, by Michelangelo (Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence, Italy) is a masterpiece of Renaissance and world art.
Antonio Canova's Venus Victrix.
the Ecstasy of Saint Teresa by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Commedia dell'arte troupe Gelosi in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
The Creation of Adam is one of the scenes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican, painted by Michelangelo sometime between 1508 and 1512.
Pasta with pesto sauce.
Brunello di Montalcino is one of Italy's finest red wines, made around the town of Montalcino from a Sangiovese variant known locally as Brunello.
Tagliatelle with ragù.
Neapolitan pizza Margherita.
The espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
A chocolate gelato ice cream dessert.
Chiostro of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.
Palazzo della Carovana, the current seat of the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa.
The Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus (c. 1486). Tempera on canvas. 172.5 cm × 278.9 cm (67.9 in × 109.6 in). Uffizi, Florence
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The discovery of the New World by Christoper Columbus.
Italy has been a home for innovation in science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
The Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
William Shakespeare is an example of an Italophile of the 16th century.
The Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C., reflects the president's admiration for classical Roman aesthetics.
Pinocchio Disney film is based on The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi.
Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest painters and most versatile geniuses in history.
Andrea Palladio is often described as the most influential architect in the Western world.
Antonio Meucci, c.1880, inventor of the first telephone
Marchese Guglielmo Marconi was the inventor of radio.
"Italophone" world.
The Uffizi.
The historic seat of the Corriere della Sera in via Solferino in Milan.
Rai Radio 1.
Regional seat of RAI in Cosenza.
Sergio Mattarella, President of Italy, since 3 February 2015.
Milan Cathedral is the fourth-largest church in the world.
The celebration of the Azzurri for the first victory (of four) in the 1934 World football championship
A Ferrari SF70H by Scuderia Ferrari, the oldest surviving and most successful Formula One team.
Bologna University, established in AD 1088, is the world's oldest academic institution.

Italy is home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (58) to date, and according to one estimate the country is home to half the world's great art treasures.

Sassi di Matera

The Sassi di Matera are two districts (Sasso Caveoso and Sasso Barisano) of the Italian city of Matera, Basilicata, well-known for their ancient cave dwellings inhabited since the Paleolithic period.

The Sassi of Matera
View from the Canyon (Gravina)
Sassi with snow (December 2007)
Sasso Barisano
Sasso Caveoso
Church of St. Pietro Caveoso
View from the hills
Interior of a cave house

Along with the park of the Rupestrian Churches, it was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1993.

Lists of World Heritage Sites

List of the lists of World Heritage Sites.

Logo of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee

List of World Heritage Sites in Italy

Dugout (shelter)

Shelter for humans or domesticated animals and livestock based on a hole or depression dug into the ground.

Dugout home near Pie Town, New Mexico, 1940
An Indigenous Australian dugout near Cunnamulla, Queensland around 1910
Yoshinogari site
The "Sassi di Matera"
A "plaggenhut" in the Netherlands in Themepark de Spitkeet, Harkema
A reconstruction shows the pit dug below ground, four supporting posts, roof structure as a layers of wood and mud, and entry through the roof; Step House ruins at Mesa Verde National Park.
Zonnebeke church dugout constructed by 171st Tunnelling Company in 1918 (model)
Interior of dugout, Gallipoli, 1915
Steps leading down to a German deep dugout at Bernafay Wood, near Montauban, used in the Battle of the Somme, 1916
Zemlyanka used by partisans near Nýrov, Czech Republic, preserved as a WWII memorial

Matera has gained international fame for its ancient town, the "Sassi di Matera" (meaning "stones of Matera"), which is UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993.

Underground living

Underground living refers to living below the ground's surface, whether in natural or manmade caves or structures.

An underground house in the Sassi di Matera, Italy
An underground jewellery shop in Coober Pedy
An example of an excavated house in Brhlovce, Slovakia

Caves (Constructed)/Dugouts are a common structure for underground living. Although the tunnelling techniques required to make them have been well developed by the mining industry, they can be considerably more costly and dangerous to make than some of the alternatives. On the plus side, they can be quite deep. Some examples would be the Sassi di Matera in Italy, declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site, and the town of Coober Pedy in Australia, built underground to avoid the blistering heat of the Outback. One of the traditional house types in China is the Yaodong, a cave house. Also, see the Nok and Mamproug Cave Dwellings in Togo, Africa.