List of companies founded by Harvard University alumni

many notable companies worldwide
This is a list of companies founded by Harvard University alumni, including attendees who enrolled in degree programs at Harvard University but did not eventually graduate.wikipedia
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Harvard University

HarvardHarvard CollegeUniversity of Harvard
This is a list of companies founded by Harvard University alumni, including attendees who enrolled in degree programs at Harvard University but did not eventually graduate.
In addition, Harvard students and alumni have won 10 Academy Awards, 48 Pulitzer Prizes, and 108 Olympic medals (46 gold, 41 silver, and 21 bronze), as well as founded many notable companies worldwide.

Radcliffe College

RadcliffeHarvard AnnexHarvard-Radcliffe College
Companies founded by alumni of Radcliffe College ("Harvard Annex", 1879-1999) are not included in this list.

Company

companiesenterpriseenterprises
This list is not exhaustive, as it only includes notable companies of which the founding and development history is well recorded by reliable sources.

Subsidiary

subsidiarieswholly owned subsidiarysubsidiary company
In particular, subsidiaries are listed with their owners in parentheses.

Startup company

startupstartupsstartup companies
Harvard University is a highly successful university in attracting funding for start-up companies, and its alumni have created a large number of companies.

PitchBook Data

PitchBookPitchBook Data Inc.
According to PitchBook, from 2006 to 2017, Harvard produced 844 company founders as alumni or current students, creating 750 companies, fourth most among all universities in the world.

Corporate spin-off

spun offspin-offspin off
However, founders of a company which later dissolved into several successor companies are not counted as founders of those successor companies; this same rule applies to spin-off companies.

Bankruptcy

bankruptbankruptcy protectionbankruptcies
Finally, a defunct company is a company that had stopped functioning completely (e.g., bankrupt) without dissolving, merging or being acquired.

Mergers and acquisitions

mergermergedM&A
Finally, a defunct company is a company that had stopped functioning completely (e.g., bankrupt) without dissolving, merging or being acquired. In this list, founders of a company which merged with other companies to form a new company are counted as founders of the new company.

Fortune Global 500

Fortune'' Global 500Global 500500
This list shows companies in Fortune Global 500 founded or co-founded by Harvard alumni.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
This list shows companies in Fortune 1000 (only for companies within the U.S.) founded or co-founded by Harvard alumni.

Health care

healthcarehealth servicesmedical care

Cardinal Health

Cardinal Health, Inc.Cardinal Health Inc.The Medicine Shoppe

Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalspharmaceutical drug

Software

Computer softwareSoftware & Programmingsoftware technology

Citibank

National City BankNational City Bank of New YorkFirst National City Bank