List of counties of England by area in 1831

The Counties of England as recorded in the Domesday Book.

List of historic counties of England by area as at the 1831 census.

- List of counties of England by area in 1831

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Historic counties of England

The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Celts and others.

The Counties of England as recorded in the Domesday Book.
An 1824 map of the English and Welsh counties
This (rather inaccurate) 1814 map shows Dudley in a detached part of Worcestershire surrounded by Staffordshire. Note the exclave of Shropshire (the parish of Halesowen), just to the south-east and part of Staffordshire (Broome and Clent) to the south-west as well.
Notice on the Corn Exchange, Royal Tunbridge Wells, mentioning the historic county boundary
The ancient county boundaries of Warwickshire cover a larger area than the administrative area in 1974 (in green).
Former postal counties of England from 1974 to 1996

Perhaps because of their differing origins the counties varied considerably in size.

Kingdom of England

Sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 12 July 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, until 1 May 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

The dominions of Cnut the Great (1014–1035)
King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215, surrounded by his baronage. Illustration from Cassell's History of England, 1902.
Fifteenth-century miniature depicting the English victory over France at the Battle of Agincourt.
Portrait of Elizabeth I made to commemorate the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588), depicted in the background. Elizabeth's international power is symbolised by the hand resting on the globe.
Cromwell at Dunbar. Oliver Cromwell united the whole of the British Isles by force and created the Commonwealth of England.

Because of their differing origins the counties varied considerably in size.

Middlesex

Historic county in southeast England.

Map of Middlesex, 1824. Note: west is at the top.
Middlesex as part of the Diocese of London in 1714. The diocese was based on the East Saxon kingdom, and was probably originally larger than shown here.
Map of Middlesex, drawn by Thomas Kitchin, geographer, engraver to the Duke of York, 1769.
County of Middlesex (circa 1891–1895)
Map showing boundaries of Middlesex in 1851 and 1911, aside from minor realignments. The small yellow area in the North is Monken Hadley, which was transferred to Hertfordshire; the larger yellow area in the Southeast was transferred to the newly created County of London in 1889.
Map in 1882 shows complete urbanisation of the East End
The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster, which now houses the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
Middlesex former postal county
Coats of arms of Middlesex (left) and Buckinghamshire (right) in stained glass at the exit from Uxbridge tube station.
County of Middlesex sign in 2014, on the border between the London Boroughs of Barnet and Enfield.
Middlesex Regiment Cap Badge
Twickenham Stadium
Middlesex vs Sussex at Lord's
North Middlesex Golf Club

The county is the second smallest, after Rutland, of the historic counties of England.