List of countries with multiple capitals

country with multiple capitalsjudicial capitalsecond capitalWinter capitaladministrative capitalCommercial Capitalin another place
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Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
There are also cases where there is a single legally defined capital, but one or more other cities operate as the seat of government of some or all parts of the national government.
In some cases, a distinction is made between the official (constitutional) capital and the seat of government, which is in another place.


Putrajaya, MalaysiaPrang BesarWP Putrajaya
* List of countries with multiple capitals

Summer capital

come to visit the region in that season
*Winter capital


Republic of BeninBéninDahomey


Porto Novo, BeninPorto NovoPorto-Novo, Benin


Cotonou, BeninBeninCoutonou, Dahomey

De facto

de facto relationshipde-factode facto'' segregation
Tel Aviv and Jerusalem served as de facto joint capitals of Israel from May to December 1948.



Republic of BurundiBurundianUrundi

Ivory Coast

Côte d'ivoireIvorianCote d'Ivoire


Yamoussoukro Autonomous DistrictAutonomous District of YamoussoukroYamassoukro


Abidjan, Ivory CoastAbidjan, Cote d'IvoireAbidjan, Côte d'Ivoire