List of ethnic groups of Africa

AfricanEast AfricansAfricansAfrican peopleAfricaEthnic groups in AfricaList of African ethnic groupsAfrican descentBlackethnic groups
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.wikipedia
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Hausa people

HausaHausalandHausas
The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa and general: Hausa; exonyms: Ausa; Francophonic spelling: Haoussa) are the largest ethnic group in Africa and the second largest language after Arabic in the Afroasiatic family of languages.

Igbo people

IgboIgbosIbo
The Igbo people are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.

Yoruba people

YorubaYorubasYoruban
The Yorùbá people (Ìran Yorùbá) are an African ethnic group that inhabits western Africa.

Kanuri people

KanuriKanouriHausa
The Kanuri people (Kanouri, Kanowri, also Yerwa, Bare Bari and several subgroup names) are an African ethnic group living largely in the lands of the former Kanem and Bornu Empires in Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.

Emancipados

EmancipadoAfro-Cuban slave descendants of Fernando Po (Emancipados)returnees
Emancipado was a term used for an African descended social-political demographic within the population of Spanish Guinea (modern day Equatorial Guinea) that existed in the early to mid 1900s.

Hausa language

HausaHausa-languagehau
The ancestral language of the Hausa people, one of the largest ethnic groups in Central Africa, Hausa is mostly spoken throughout southern Niger and northern Nigeria.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
Approximately 99 percent of Tanzanians are of native African descent, with small numbers of Arab, European, and Asian descent.

Demographics of Africa

AfricanAfricansAfrican people
As a first overview, the following table lists major groups by ethno-linguistic affiliation, with rough population estimates (as of 2016) :

Luo peoples

LuoLuo peopleLou
The Luo are several ethnically and linguistically related Nilotic ethnic groups in Africa that inhabit an area ranging from South Sudan and Ethiopia, through Northern Uganda and eastern Congo (DRC), into western Kenya, and the Mara Region of Tanzania.

African diaspora

Africandiasporablack diaspora
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from native sub-Saharan Africans or people from Sub-Saharan Africa, predominantly in the Americas.

Bantu peoples

BantuBantusBantu people
Bantu are the speakers of Ntu languages, comprising several hundred indigenous ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.

African Pygmies

MbengaPygmyBayaka
At K=9, distinct ancestral components defined the Afrosiatic-speaking populations inhabiting North Africa and Northeast Africa; the Nilo-Saharan-speaking populations in Northeast Africa and East Africa; the Ari populations in Northeast Africa; the Niger-Congo-speaking populations in West-Central Africa, West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa; the Pygmy populations in Central Africa; and the Khoisan populations in Southern Africa.

Indigenous peoples of Africa

indigenousAfricanindigenous people
The indigenous people of Africa are those people of Africa whose way of life, attachment or claims to particular lands, and social and political standing in relation to other more dominant groups have resulted in their substantial marginalization within modern African states (namely "politically underprivileged group who have been an ethnic entity in the locality before the present ruling nation took over power").

Languages of Africa

African languagesAfricanAfrican language
As a first overview, the following table lists major groups by ethno-linguistic affiliation, with rough population estimates (as of 2016) : The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.

Dialect

dialectsregiolectdialectal
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.

Culture

culturalculturesculturally
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.

Afroasiatic languages

Afro-AsiaticAfroasiaticAfro-Asiatic languages
At K=9, distinct ancestral components defined the Afrosiatic-speaking populations inhabiting North Africa and Northeast Africa; the Nilo-Saharan-speaking populations in Northeast Africa and East Africa; the Ari populations in Northeast Africa; the Niger-Congo-speaking populations in West-Central Africa, West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa; the Pygmy populations in Central Africa; and the Khoisan populations in Southern Africa. The ethnolinguistic groups include various Afroasiatic, Khoisan, Niger-Congo and Nilo-Saharan populations.

Khoisan languages

KhoisanSanSan language
The ethnolinguistic groups include various Afroasiatic, Khoisan, Niger-Congo and Nilo-Saharan populations.

Nilo-Saharan languages

Nilo-SaharanNilo-Saharan languageNilo-Saharan language family
At K=9, distinct ancestral components defined the Afrosiatic-speaking populations inhabiting North Africa and Northeast Africa; the Nilo-Saharan-speaking populations in Northeast Africa and East Africa; the Ari populations in Northeast Africa; the Niger-Congo-speaking populations in West-Central Africa, West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa; the Pygmy populations in Central Africa; and the Khoisan populations in Southern Africa. The ethnolinguistic groups include various Afroasiatic, Khoisan, Niger-Congo and Nilo-Saharan populations.

Human genetic clustering

clusteringgenetic clusteringancestral population clusters
A 2009 genetic clustering study, which genotyped 1327 polymorphic markers in various African populations, identified six ancestral clusters.

Whole genome sequencing

genome sequencingfull genome sequencingsequenced
A 2018 whole genome sequencing study of the world's populations observed similar clusters among the populations in Africa.