List of historical unrecognized states and dependencies

Unrecognized stateunrecognised stateunrecognizedList of historical unrecognized statesList of historical unrecognized countriespartially recognizedunrecognisednot recognizedPartially-recognized stateunrecognized country
These lists of historical unrecognized or partially recognized states or governments give an overview of extinct geopolitical entities that wished to be recognized as sovereign states, but did not enjoy worldwide diplomatic recognition.wikipedia
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List of states with limited recognition

states with limited recognitionunrecognisedunrecognized
The criteria for inclusion in this list are similar to those of the list of states with limited recognition.
A number of such entities have existed in the past.

Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence

Unilateral Declaration of IndependenceUDIunilaterally declared independence
Amid near-complete international isolation, Rhodesia continued as an unrecognised state with the assistance of South Africa and Portugal.

Republic of Madawaska

République du Madawaska
The Republic of Madawaska (République du Madawaska) was a putative republic in the northwest corner of Madawaska County, New Brunswick (also known as the "New Brunswick Panhandle") and adjacent areas of Aroostook County in the US state of Maine and of Quebec.

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

TaipingHeavenly KingdomTaiping Tianguo
The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, literally the Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace, later shortened to Heavenly Kingdom or Heavenly Dynasty, was an unrecognized oppositional state in China and Christian theocratic absolute monarchy from 1851 to 1864, supporting the overthrow of the Qing dynasty by Hong Xiuquan and his followers.

Republic of Biak-na-Bato

Biak-na-BatoBiak-na-Bato RepublicPhilippine republic
The Republic of Biak-na-Bato was one of a number of unrecognized insurgent polities which existed during the time in which the Philippines was under Spanish colonial government as the Spanish East Indies.

Azerbaijan People's Government

People's Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanAzerbaijan People's Republic
The Azerbaijan People's Government (APG; Azərbaycan Milli Hökuməti; ; Азербайджанское народное правительство) was a short-lived unrecognized secessionist state in northern Iran from November 1945 to December 1946.

Republic of Mahabad

Republic of KurdistanMahabad RepublicKurdish People's Republic
The Republic of Mahabad was a short-lived Kurdish self-governing unrecognized state in present-day Iran, from 22 January to 15 December 1946.

Republic of South Maluku

Republic of the South MoluccasRepublic of South MoluccasRepublik Maluku Selatan
South Maluku, officially the Republic of South Maluku, is an unrecognized secessionist republic in the southern Maluku Islands archipelago in Maritime Southeast Asia that claims the islands of Ambon, Buru, and Seram as part of its territory, all of which are currently part of the Indonesian province of Maluku.

Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia

PGNUNSC
The Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia (PGNUNSC) was an internationally unrecognized and ostensibly provisional government set up by the Khmer Rouge on July 11, 1994, in opposition to the established Kingdom of Cambodia.

People's Republic of Zanzibar

People's Republic of Zanzibar and PembaZanzibarRepublic of Zanzibar and Pemba
*List of historical unrecognized states and dependencies

Tagalog Republic

Sovereign Tagalog NationKatagaluganrevolutionary government

Republic of the Rio Grande

Colonel Jose Antonio de ZapataRepública del Río GrandeRio Grande

California Republic

Bear Flag RevoltBear Flag RepublicRepublic of California
The California Republic (República de California) was an unrecognized breakaway state that for 25 days in 1846 militarily controlled an area north of San Francisco, in and around what is now Sonoma County in California.