List of islands by population

Ireland (left) and Great Britain (right), are large islands of north-west Europe

List of islands in the world ordered by population, which includes all islands with population greater than 100,000.

- List of islands by population

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Cyprus

Island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of the Anatolian Peninsula.

A copper mine in Cyprus. In antiquity, Cyprus was a major source of copper.
Archeologic site of Khirokitia with early remains of human habitation during Aceramic Neolithic period (reconstruction)
Zeus Keraunios, 500–480 BC, Nicosia museum
The Walls of Nicosia were built by the Venetians to defend the city in case of an Ottoman attack
Kyrenia Castle was originally built by the Byzantines and enlarged by the Venetians
Büyük Han, a caravanserai in Nicosia, is an example of the surviving Ottoman architecture in Cyprus.
Hoisting the British flag at Nicosia
Greek Cypriot demonstrations for Enosis (union with Greece) in 1930
A British soldier facing a crowd of Greek Cypriot demonstrators in Nicosia (1956)
Ethnic map of Cyprus according to the 1960 census.
Varosha (Maraş), a suburb of Famagusta, was abandoned when its inhabitants fled in 1974 and remains under Turkish military control
A map showing the division of Cyprus
Foreign Ministers of the European Union countries in Limassol during Cyprus Presidency of the EU in 2012
Cyprus taken from space by the International Space Station in 2021
Sea caves at Cape Greco.
The Troodos Mountains experience heavy snowfall in winter
Kouris Dam overflow in April 2012
Presidential Palace, Nicosia
Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus since 2013.
Dhekelia Power Station
Welcoming ceremony of the former Russian president Dmitry Medvedev by the soldiers of the Cypriot National Guard.
Supreme Court of Justice
A proportional representation of Cyprus's exports, 2019
Central Bank of Cyprus
Cyprus is part of a monetary union, the eurozone (dark blue) and of the EU single market.
Limassol General Hospital
A1 Motorway between Agios Athanasios junction and Mesa Ghetonia junction in Limassol
Population growth, 1961–2003 (numbers for the entire island, excluding Turkish settlers residing in Northern Cyprus).
2010 population by age and gender
The Armenian Alphabet at the Melkonian Educational Institute. Armenian is recognised as a minority language in Cyprus.
Faneromeni School is the oldest all-girl primary school in Cyprus.
The entrance of the historic Pancyprian Gymnasium
Typical Cypriot architecture in old part of Nicosia, Cyprus
Laouto, dominant instrument of the Cypriot traditional music.
Zeno of Citium, founder of the Stoic school of philosophy.
Ioannis Kigalas (c. 1622–1687) was a Nicosia born Greek Cypriot scholar and professor of Philosophy who was largely active in the 17th century.
Cypriot meze
Cypriot Halloumi
Cypriot style café in an arcade in Nicosia
Spyros Kyprianou Athletic Centre in Limassol

It is also the world's 80th largest by area and world's 51st largest by population.

Demographics of Indonesia

270.20 million according to the 2020 national census, an increase from 237.64 in 2010.

Historical population
Indonesia population pyramid in 2020
Indonesian students during school excursion to a museum; Indonesia currently possesses a relatively young population.
Provinces of Indonesia by population density per square kilometer in 2020
Indonesia fertility rate by province (2017)
Population pyramid 2016

Approximately 55% of Indonesia's population resides on Java, which is the most populous island in the world.

Indonesia

Country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

A Borobudur ship carved on Borobudur temple, c. 800 CE. Outrigger boats from the archipelago may have made trade voyages to the east coast of Africa as early as the 1st century CE.
The submission of Prince Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830
Mount Semeru and Mount Bromo in East Java. Indonesia's seismic and volcanic activity is among the world's highest.
Rainforest in Mount Palung National Park, West Kalimantan
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map for Indonesia
Major volcanoes in Indonesia. Indonesia is in the Pacific Ring of Fire area.
Low visibility in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, due to deforestation-related haze.
A presidential inauguration by the MPR in the Parliament Complex Jakarta, 2014
Embassy of Indonesia, Canberra, Australia
Vast palm oil plantation in Bogor, West Java. Indonesia is the world's largest producer of palm oil.
A proportional representation of Indonesia exports, 2019
Jatiluhur Dam, Indonesia's first and largest dam.
Palapa satellite launch in 1984
Borobudur in Central Java, the world's largest Buddhist temple, is the single most visited tourist attraction in Indonesia.
Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, has the highest recorded level of diversity in marine life, according to Conservation International.
Population pyramid 2016
A map of ethnic groups in Indonesia
A Hindu shrine dedicated to King Siliwangi in Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta, Bogor. Hinduism has left a legacy on Indonesian art and culture.
Menara Kudus, a mosque with a traditional Indonesian architectural style.
Catholic Mass at the Jakarta Cathedral
Bandung Institute of Technology in West Java
Riots on the streets of Jakarta on 14 May 1998.
Traditional Balinese painting depicting cockfighting
An avenue of Tongkonan houses in a Torajan village, South Sulawesi
An Indonesian batik
Pandava and Krishna in an act of the Wayang Wong performance
Advertisement for Loetoeng Kasaroeng (1926), the first fiction film produced in the Dutch East Indies
Metro TV at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, reporting the 2010 AFF Championship
Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesia's most famous novelist. Many considered him to be Southeast Asia's leading candidate for a Nobel Prize in Literature.
Nasi Padang with rendang, gulai and vegetables
A demonstration of Pencak Silat, a form of martial arts
A Hindu prayer ceremony at Besakih Temple in Bali, the only Indonesian province where Hinduism is the predominant religion.
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Banda Aceh, Aceh. The spread of Islam in Indonesia began in the region.

Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

Geography of Japan

Island country comprising a stratovolcanic archipelago over 3000 km along the Pacific coast of East Asia.

A map of Japan
Japanese archipelago with outlined islands
Regions and prefectures of Japan
A topographic map of Japan
Map of the Kantō Plain
Shinano River in Niigata City
Aerial view of Lake Biwa
Seto Inland Sea
Kobe Airport in Osaka Bay
Relief map of the land and the seabed of Japan. It shows the surface and underwater terrain of the Japanese archipelago.
The islands comprising the Japanese Archipelago were separated from the Asian continent by back-arc spreading
Tectonic map of Japan (French)
Red line represents Median Tectonic Line. Orange shaded region is Fossa Magna, bounded by the Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line (western blue line).
Map depicts the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench, Japan Trench, Izu–Ogasawara Trench and Mariana Trench
Sea of Japan
Vegetation during the Last Glacial Maximum period 16,000 BCE
Japan's exclusive economic zones:
Lake Tōya and Shōwa-shinzan in Shikotsu-Tōya National Park
Ritsurin Garden, Takamatsu, Japan
A Köppen climate classification map of Japan
Kabira Bay on Ishigaki Island, Okinawa Prefecture in March
Sakura blossoms with Himeji Castle in Hyōgo Prefecture in April
Mount Yari, Nagano Prefecture in August
A village in Niigata Prefecture in January
A map of Japan's major cities, main towns and selected smaller centers
Taiheiyō Belt
Extreme points of Japan
The summit of Mount Fuji is the highest point in Japan
The Nanpō Islands of the Japanese archipelago
Izu Islands south of Tokyo
The Ryukyu Islands administered by Kagoshima Prefecture and Okinawa Prefecture
The Kuril Islands with Russian names. Borders of Shimoda Treaty (1855) and Treaty of St. Petersburg (1875) shown in red. Currently all islands northeast of Hokkaido are administered by Russia.
The aftermath of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
Sakurajima eruption on October 3, 2009
Mount Aso 4 pyroclastic flow and the spread of Aso 4 tephra (90,000 to 85,000 years ago). The pyroclastic flow reached almost the whole area of Kyushu, and volcanic ash was deposited of 15 cm in a wide area from Kyushu to southern Hokkaido.
Pine-clad islands of Matsushima
Sandbar of Amanohashidate
Torii at Itsukushima Shrine

Honshū (本州) is the largest island of Japan and the second most populous island in the world.

Jakarta

Capital and largest city of Indonesia.

Replica of the Padrão of Sunda Kalapa (1522), a stone pillar with a cross of the Order of Christ commemorating a treaty between the Portuguese Empire and the Hindu Sunda Kingdom, at Jakarta History Museum.
The 5th-century Tugu inscription discovered in Tugu district, North Jakarta
Batavia around 1780
The City Hall of Batavia (Stadhuis van Batavia), the seat of the Governor-General of the VOC in the late 18th century by Johannes Rach c. 1770. The building now houses the Jakarta History Museum, Jakarta Old Town.
One of the most monumental projects launched by Sukarno was the demolition of government buildings in Merdeka Square to make way for the National Monument.
Aerial view of North Jakarta
Ancol beach
Facade of the Museum Bank Indonesia in Kota Tua
Wisma 46 in post-modernist architecture, the fourth tallest building in Jakarta
view of Monas, Jakarta's landmark
Bundaran HI, a 1960s landmark of Jakarta located at the west end of Menteng District.
Boat ride at Indonesian archipelago lake in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
Ancol Gondola
Chinese in Jakarta praying during Chinese New Year in Glodok, Jakarta
The Indonesian Stock Exchange (Bursa Efek Indonesia) building in Jakarta, one of the oldest in Asia.
Bank Indonesia head office
Gandaria City Mall in South Jakarta
Jakarta Old City Post Office at Fatahillah Square, Central Jakarta
Most visitors to Jakarta are domestic tourists, and Taman Mini Indonesia Indah is aimed at supporting national identity and patriotism.
The main TV tower of TVRI at its headquarters in Jakarta
Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia campus at Semanggi
University of Indonesia campus
Tanjidor music of Betawi culture demonstrate European influence
Gado-gado is a popular Indonesian salad dish.
Football match at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium
Asian Games 2018 opening ceremony in Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, 2018
Jakarta Merdeka Palace
Map of the administrative cities (Kota administratif) in Jakarta province. The Thousand Islands Regency (to the north) is not shown. Each administrative city is further divided into districts (Kecamatan).
Batavia map of Meester Cornelis (now Jatinegara)
The Secretariat of ASEAN at Jl. Sisingamangaraja No.70A, South Jakarta, Indonesia
Jakarta Street in Tripoli, Libya
Al-Azhar Great Mosque, It was Jakarta's largest mosque when it was built until it was surpassed by the Istiqlal Mosque.
The Jakarta Cathedral, one of the oldest churches in Jakarta.
Kim Tek Ie, the oldest Taoist and Buddhist temple in Jakarta.
Aditya Jaya Hindu temple, Rawamangun, East Jakarta.
Ondel-Ondel, often used as a symbol of Betawi culture
Chinese paifang in Mangga Dua, Central Jakarta
The Golden Snail IMAX theatre at Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
Jakarta Fair of 2007
Japanese community celebrating Ennichisai in Blok M, South Jakarta
Traditional Betawi dance, Tari Yapong

Lying on the northwest coast of Java, the world's most populous island, Jakarta is the largest city in Southeast Asia and serves as the diplomatic capital of ASEAN.

Long Island

Largely urbanized and densely populated island in the southeastern geographical area of the U.S. state of New York, part of the New York metropolitan area.

Long Island Native American settlements
Painting of three Lenape Indians, circa 1860s
The Old House, built in 1699 in Cutchogue, January 2008
The Brooklyn Bridge, the first of multiple crossings constructed across the East River, connects Long Island with Manhattan Island (background).
Oheka Castle, a Gold Coast estate in West Hills, is the second-largest private residence in the country
Montauk Point at Long Island's rural eastern tip, January 2013
The four counties of Long Island include two independent counties (Nassau and Suffolk) and two New York City boroughs (Brooklyn and Queens)
Satellite imagery showing the New York metropolitan area at night. Long Island is highly developed and densely populated, extending approximately 120 mi eastward from the central core of Manhattan
The intersection of Long Island, Manhattan, and the continental mainland taken from space by the Space Shuttle Columbia, 1993
The bluffs of Long Island's North Shore, November 2012
Cumulus congestus clouds over Long Island on a summer afternoon, July 2013
Clear skies in autumn over the Great Peconic Bay, with the Atlantic Ocean as its primary inflow, separating the North Fork and South Fork at the East End of Long Island, November 2007
Stripped Rockaway Beach Boardwalk after Hurricane Sandy, November 2012
A mansion on Long Island's wealthy Gold Coast, which along with The Hamptons and Brooklyn's western waterfront (facing Manhattan) provides Long Island with some of the most expensive residential real estate in the world.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on the North Shore of Nassau County is an internationally renowned biomedical research facility and home to eight scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Brookhaven National Laboratory a major U.S. Department of Energy research institution, July 2010
A commemorative half-dollar coin issued in 1936 for Long Island's tercentenary
Chaminade High School in Mineola, April 2013
The Student Activities Center at Stony Brook University, August 2020
Blodgett Hall at Adelphi University in Garden City, March 2022
Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater in Wantagh, March 2007
The Big Duck in Flanders, August 2018
A winery and tasting room in a 1690 farmhouse near Stony Brook, May 2014
Citi Field, home of the New York Mets, in Queens, September 2011
Barclays Center in Brooklyn, home of the Brooklyn Nets, October 2016
The Stony Brook Seawolves homecaming game, September 2012
Bethpage Ballpark, home of the Long Island Ducks minor league baseball team, July 2011
Preparing for a horse race at Belmont Park, home of the Belmont Stakes, the final leg of the Triple Crown, April 2005
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States, January 2013
A 7 train in Queens, April 2007
A schematic map of the LIRR system
A Nassau Inter-County Express bus, June 2019
Long Island Expressway in Nassau County

With an enumerated population of 8,063,232 residents as of the 2020 U.S. Census, constituting 40% of New York State's population, Long Island is the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory, the third-most populous island in the Americas (after only Hispaniola and Cuba), and the 18th-most populous island in the world (ahead of Ireland, Jamaica, and Hokkaidō).

Mindanao

A 1926 photograph of Bagobo (Manobo) warriors
An old Spanish map of Mindanao island.
Approximate historical extent of the Muslim sultanates of Sulu, Maguindanao and Lanao in the 19th century
Christian Filipinos, who served under the Spanish Army, searching for Moro rebels during the Spanish–Moro conflict, c. 1887. The insurgency in Mindanao can be traced to the early 16th century.
Two Spanish missionaries baptizing a Moro convert to Roman Catholicism, circa 1890.
Lanao sultans making an open letter to Duterte urging for the quick resolution of the Marawi crisis
Cagayan de Oro skyline in 2018
Mountains in the province of Bukidnon
Mt. Apo, the highest peak in the Philippines
Mindanao coast
Rio Grande de Mindanao
"I-indak sa kadalanan" or the Street dancing competition, part of Kadayawan Festival celebration in Davao City.
Davao City's Chinatown

Mindanao is the second-largest island in the Philippines, after Luzon and seventh-most populous island in the world. Located in the southern region of the archipelago, the island is part of an island group of the same name that also includes its adjacent islands, notably the Sulu Archipelago.

Sumatra

One of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia.

Batak warriors, 1870
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Banda Aceh
Huria Kristen Indonesia (Indonesian Christian Church) in Medan city
Map of geological formation of Sumatra island
Mount Sinabung, North Sumatra
Medan, the largest city in Sumatra
Sumatran tiger
Rafflesia arnoldii
Minangkabau women carrying platters of food to a ceremony
Traditional house in Nias North Sumatra

Because of its size, it is nonetheless the fifth most populous island in the world.

Malé

Capital and most populous city of the Maldives.

The skyline of Malé
Detail aerial view of Malé
Velana International Airport
Malé, Medhu Ziyaaraiy, 1958
Malé, Bodu Buruzu, 1960
Malé Friday Mosque
Malé beachfront, 1984
Malé beachfront, 1984
Sultan Park
Old Parliament Building
2004 Aerial view of the whole of Malé proper on the eponymous island, prior to the construction of the Sinamalé Bridge.
Aerial Picture of the port of Malé.

The island of Malé is the eighth most densely populated island in the world, and it is the 160th most populous island in the world.

Hokkaido

Second largest island of Japan and comprises the largest and northernmost prefecture.

Former Hokkaidō Government Office in Chūō-ku, Sapporo
Palace reception near Hakodate in 1751. Ainu bringing gifts (cf. omusha)
The samurai and the Ainu, c. 1775
Matsumae Takahiro, a Matsumae lord of the late Edo period (December 10, 1829 – June 9, 1866)
Goryōkaku
The Ainu, Hokkaidō's indigenous people
Map of Hokkaido showing the subprefectures and the primary cities
Map of Hokkaido as seen by municipalities
Satellite image of Hokkaidō in winter
Hokkaido in winter and summer
Sapporo, Hokkaidō's largest city.
Large farm of Tokachi plain
Farm Tomita in Nakafurano
Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto Station on the Hokkaido Shinkansen
Hollow Dogū, the only National Treasure on the island (Hakodate Jōmon Culture Center)
Sapporo Dome in Sapporo.
Geofeatures map of Hokkaido
Hokkaido seen from the International Space Station
Satellite image of Hokkaido
The Oyashio Current colliding with the Kuroshio Current off the coast of Hokkaido. When two currents collide, they create eddies. Phytoplankton growing in the surface waters become concentrated along the boundaries of these eddies, tracing out the motions of the water.
Overview of Kushiro Wetland
Lake Akan and Mount Meakan
View of Lake Mashū
Lake Shikotsu
Sōunkyō, a gorge in the Daisetsu-zan Volcanic Area
Sapporo City
Asahikawa
Hakodate
Kushiro
Obihiro
Kitami
Iwamizawa
Abashiri
Wakkanai
Nemuro
Rumoi

By population, it ranks 21st globally.