List of largest church buildings

St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, the largest church in the world.

A church can be measured by various criteria in order to determine its size.

- List of largest church buildings

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Region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium.

Charles of Lorraine founded what would become Brussels, c. 979.
View of Brussels, c. 1610
The Grand Place after the 1695 bombardment by the French army
Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, Gustaf Wappers, 1834
The Place Royale/Koningsplein in the late 19th century
The 1927 Solvay Conference in Brussels was the fifth world physics conference.
British tanks arrive in Brussels on 4 September 1944, ending the German occupation
Satellite picture of the Greater Brussels area
The Royal Palace of Brussels
Regions of Belgium:
The Brussels Parliament building
Communities of Belgium:
Aerial view of the European Quarter
The Place du Luxembourg/Luxemburgplein with the European Parliament in the background
Headquarters of Eurocontrol in Haren
Flags of NATO member states wave at the entrance of NATO's headquarters in Haren
Population density of Europe. Brussels is located between the largest urban centres.
Estimate of languages spoken at home (Capital Region, 2013)
Bilingual French and Dutch street signs in Brussels
The municipalities with language facilities (in red) near Brussels
The National Basilica of the Sacred Heart in Koekelberg
The Great Mosque of Brussels is the seat of the Islamic and Cultural Centre of Belgium.
Manneken Pis is a well-known public sculpture in Brussels.
The Grand Place of Brussels, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Flagey Building (or Maison de la Radio) in Ixelles
The Atomium, a landmark of Brussels
The Cinquantenaire/Jubelpark memorial arcade and museums
The Royal Theatre of La Monnaie
Meyboom giants in Brussels, a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage
Brussels Summer Festival (BSF)
Zinneke Parade of Brussels
Brussels is known for its local waffles.
Flea Market on the Place du Jeu de Balle/Vossenplein
20 km of Brussels
R.S.C. Anderlecht fans at the Lotto Park
Brussels' Northern Quarter business district
The former Brussels Stock Exchange building
Main building on the Solbosch campus of the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
The Royal Library of Belgium (KBR)
The Planetarium of the Royal Observatory of Belgium
Erasmus Hospital in Anderlecht
Brussels Airlines Airbus A319 landing at Brussels Airport in Zaventem
The Saint Catherine Dock, Eugène Boudin, 1871
Main hall of Brussels-South railway station, home to the Eurostar train service to London
High-speed rail networks connect Brussels with other European cities (ICE train in the North Station pictured).
Brussels Metro carriage at Erasme/Erasmus metro station
Network map of the Brussels Metro
Villo! shared bicycles in Brussels
The Rue de la Loi/Wetstraat is one of the city's main streets.
Policeman in Brussels
Auderghem (Oudergem)
Berchem-Sainte-Agathe (Sint-Agatha-Berchem)
City of Brussels
Forest (Vorst)
Ixelles (Elsene)
Molenbeek-Saint-Jean (Sint-Jans-Molenbeek)
Saint-Gilles (Sint-Gillis)
Saint-Josse-ten-Noode (Sint-Joost-ten-Node)
Schaerbeek (Schaarbeek)
Uccle (Ukkel)
Watermael-Boitsfort (Watermaal-Bosvoorde)
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert (Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe)
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre (Sint-Pieters-Woluwe)
Hôtel Tassel by Victor Horta (1893)
Stairway in Hôtel Tassel
Hôtel Ciamberlani by Paul Hankar (1897)
Former Old England department store by Paul Saintenoy (1899)
Saint-Cyr House by Gustave Strauven (1903)
Cauchie House by Paul Cauchie (1905)
Sgraffito panel in the Cauchie House
Stoclet Palace by Josef Hoffmann (1911)
Brussels' Park
Mont des Arts / Kunstberg
Parc du Cinquantenaire / Jubelpark
Bois de la Cambre / Ter Kamerenbos
The Botanical Garden of Brussels
Ixelles Ponds
Forest Park
The Royal Greenhouses of Laeken
Sonian Forest

On the north-western side of the region, the National Basilica of the Sacred Heart is a Minor Basilica and parish church, as well as the 14th largest church building in the world.


City and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England.

Liverpool in 1680, the earliest known image of Liverpool.
A map of Liverpool's original seven streets (north to the left).
Liverpool's Lime Street area pictured from above in 1946
Inaugural journey of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1830, the first-ever commercial railway line.
Lime Street, Liverpool, in the 1890s, St.George's Hall to the left, Great North Western Hotel to the right, Walker Art Gallery and Sessions House in the background. Statues of Prince Albert, Disraeli, Queen Victoria and Wellington's Column in the middle ground.
Liverpool was the port of registry of the ill-fated ocean liner Titanic. The ship sank on its maiden voyage in April 1912, with the loss of 1,517 lives (including numerous Liverpudlians). A Memorial to the Engine Room Heroes of the Titanic is located on the city's waterfront.
Mathew Street is one of many tourist attractions related to the Beatles, and the location of Europe's largest annual free music festival.
The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, the first such school in the world
Oriel Chambers, the first "modern" building in the world
The late Georgian Liverpool Town Hall
Satellite imagery showing Liverpool Bay, Liverpool and the wider Merseyside area
Chinatown Gate, Chinatown, Liverpool
Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King
The Al-Rahma Mosque in the Toxteth area of Liverpool
Apartment buildings within Liverpool's new commercial district
Liverpool One has helped move the city into the top five retail destinations in the UK
The Range Rover Evoque is manufactured at Jaguar Land Rover's plant at Halewood.
Liverpool's Three Graces, the Royal Liver Building, Cunard Building and Port of Liverpool Building at the Pier Head
The Albert Dock contains the UK's largest collection of Grade I listed buildings as well as being the most visited multi-use attraction outside London
Bluecoat Chambers, the oldest building in Liverpool city centre
Victoria Street like many streets in the city centre is lined with dozens of listed buildings
The neo-classical St George's Hall
Municipal Buildings
Speke Hall Tudor manor house is one of Liverpool's oldest buildings
West Tower has been the city's tallest building since completion in 2008
Liverpool Cathedral is regarded as one of the greatest buildings of the twentieth century and is one of the largest church buildings in the world
The Wallasey entrance to the Kingsway Tunnel. Liverpool's skyline is visible in the background
Liverpool Lime Street Station
Liverpool John Lennon Airport terminal building
The Merseyrail network has extensive underground sections within the city centre. Liverpool Central is the UK's busiest underground station outside London
MV Royal Iris of the Mersey is one of three ferries that provide cross river services between Liverpool and the Wirral
The Beatles statue in their home city Liverpool. The group are the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed band in popular music.
Philharmonic Hall, home of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic
William Brown Street, also known as the Cultural Quarter was a World Heritage Site consisting of the World Museum, Central Library, Picton Reading Room and Walker Art Gallery
Nelson Monument at Exchange Flags. The other British hero of the Napoleonic Wars is commemorated in Wellington's Column
The Empire Theatre has the largest two-tier auditorium in the UK
University of Liverpool's Victoria Building
Liverpool John Moores University's James Parsons Building
Liverpool Community College's Arts Centre
The Merseyside derby is the football match between the two biggest clubs in the city, Liverpool in red and Everton in blue.
Anfield, home of Liverpool F.C.
Goodison Park, home of Everton F.C.
The Earl of Derby Stand at Aintree Racecourse; home of the Grand National
The Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake
The M&S Bank Arena hosts numerous sporting events and was formerly the home of British Basketball League team, the Mersey Tigers
Radio City Tower, home to Radio City and a number of subsidiary stations

The Anglican Cathedral, which was constructed between 1904 and 1978, is the largest Cathedral in Britain and the fifth largest in the world.

Cathedral of St. John the Divine

Cathedral of the Episcopal Diocese of New York.

The western facade, including the rose window
The Leake and Watts Orphanage, which is still located on the cathedral grounds
Architectural rendering of the cathedral's design for Heins & LaFarge, Architects (1891)
Cathedral of St. John the Divine in 1910
Stonemason finishing an angel, 1909
The consecration of the choir, April 19, 1911
Interior of St. John's nave, facing west toward Amsterdam Avenue entrance
Southern facade
The facade of the southern tower, which was expanded in the 1980s and 1990s
Seen from the north in 2005, with scaffolding still on the southern tower
View of the western facade from across Amsterdam Avenue to the west
Wide angle view of the cathedral's western facade
The right-hand bronze doors in the center portal
Exterior of the nave. Two of the double bays can be seen here, with four columns of windows in total. At center is a large arched buttress, while smaller buttresses to the left and right separate each set of double bays.
Choir stalls
One of the chapels
The crossing (dark stone ceiling), viewed from the nave. The apse is in the background
Ithiel Town Building (former orphanage) seen here in 1934
Synod Hall main entrance
The Cathedral School of St. John the Divine
Avalon Morningside Park, built on a portion of the cathedral close in 2007
Closeup of the Peace Fountain

Despite being incomplete, the Cathedral of St. John the Divine is the world's sixth-largest church by area and either the largest or second-largest Anglican cathedral.

St. Peter's Basilica

Church built in the Renaissance style located in Vatican City, the papal enclave that is within the city of Rome, Italy.

View from the Tiber on Ponte Sant'Angelo and the Basilica. The iconic dome dominates the skyline of Rome.
St. Peter and the Apostles on the Facade of St. Peter's Basilica
Bishops at the Second Vatican Council in 1962
Crepuscular rays are seen in St. Peter's Basilica at certain times each day.
An early interpretation of the relative locations of the circus, and the medieval and current Basilicas of St. Peter.
One possible modern interpretation
Maarten van Heemskerck - Santa Maria della Febbre, Vatican Obelisk, Saint Peter's Basilica in construction (1532)
A conjectural view of the Old St. Peter's Basilica by H. W. Brewer, 1891
Bramante's plan
Raphael's plan
Michelangelo's plan
Bramante's dome
Sangallo's design
St. Peter's Basilica from Castel Sant'Angelo showing the dome rising behind Maderno's façade.
1506 medal by Cristoforo Foppa depicting Bramante's design, including the four flanking smaller domes
The engraving by Stefan du Pérac was published in 1569, five years after the death of Michelangelo
The dome was brought to completion by Giacomo della Porta and Fontana.
Architectural details of the central part looking upward into the dome
Michelangelo's plan extended with Maderno's nave and narthex
Maderno's façade, with the statues of Saint Peter (left) and Saint Paul (right) flanking the entrance stairs
The narthex
Maderno's nave, looking towards the chancel
The apse with St. Peter's Cathedra supported by four Doctors of the Church
The altar with Bernini's baldacchino
Bernini's Cathedra Petri and Gloria
St. Peter's Basilica and the piazza at night
One of the two fountains which form the axis of the piazza.
Evening aerial view of the piazza and facade
View of Rome from the Dome of St. Peter's Basilica
Air vents for the crypt in St. Peter's Basilica
Cardinals at Mass in Saint Peter's Basilica two days before a papal conclave, 16 April 2005.
The inauguration of Pope Francis in 2013
Silhouette of St. Peter's Basilica at sundown (view from Castel Sant'Angelo).
alt= A marble statue showing a matronly woman in a sweeping cloak supporting a cross which stands beside her and presenting a set of nails to the viewer with her left hand|Saint Helena
alt= This statue shows a Roman soldier, with a cloak furling around him, gazing upward while he supports a long spear with his right hand and throws out his other hand in amazement.|Saint Longinus
alt= This statue shows an elderly man, bare-chested, and draped, looking up despairingly as he supports a large cross, arranged diagonally.|Saint Andrew
alt= This statue shows the saint as a young woman, who, with a sweeping dramatic gesture, displays a cloth on which there is an image of the face of Jesus.|Saint Veronica
alt= A pair of bronze doors divided into sixteen panels containing reliefs depicting scenes mainly from the life of Jesus and stories that he told.|The Holy Door is opened only for great celebrations.
alt= A large memorial set in a niche. The marble figure of a kneeling pope is surrounded by allegoric marble figures, and sculptured drapery surfaced with patterned red stone.|The tomb of Alexander VII, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1671–1678.<ref>{{cite web|url=||title=The Seminarian GuidesNorth American College, Rome|access-date=29 July 2009}}</ref>
alt= Peter is shown as a bearded man in draped garment like a toga. He is seated on a chair made of marble, and has his right hand raised in a gesture of blessing while in his left hand he holds two large keys. Behind the statue, the wall is patterned in mosaic to resemble red and gold brocade cloth.|The bronze statue of Saint Peter holding the keys of heaven, attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio.
alt= This marble statue shows the Virgin Mary seated, mourning over the lifeless body of Jesus which is supported across her knees.|The Pietà by Michelangelo, 1498–1499, is in the north aisle.

With an exterior area of 21,095 m2, an interior area of 15,160 m2, St. Peter's Basilica is the largest Christian church building in the world by the two latter metrics and the second largest by the first.

Liverpool Cathedral

Cathedral of the Anglican Diocese of Liverpool, built on St James's Mount in Liverpool, and the seat of the Bishop of Liverpool.

Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, St James's Mount
Giles Gilbert Scott's winning design, with twin towers
The Lady Chapel, the first part of the cathedral to be completed.
Scott's 1910 redesign, with central tower
The missionary Anna Hinderer is in one of the Lady Chapel windows
The interior of the cathedral, looking up into the vault below the central belltower.
The cathedral's west window by Carl Johannes Edwards. The uppermost window is the Benedicite window. The pink neon sign by Tracey Emin reads "I felt you and I knew you loved me" and was installed in 2008 when Liverpool became European Capital of Culture.
Bell chamber within the tower
A K6 telephone box, also designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, in the cathedral
The high altar
West window

Liverpool Cathedral is the largest cathedral and religious building in Britain, and the eighth largest church in the world.

St Paul's Cathedral

Anglican cathedral in London that is the seat of the Bishop of London.

Aerial view
The dome and northwest tower from Ludgate Hill, showing the densely developed area in which St. Paul's is located
Reconstructed image of Old St Paul's before 1561, with intact spire
Canaletto: The River Thames with St. Paul's Cathedral on Lord Mayor's Day (1746; Lobkowicz Collections, Prague)
St Paul's Cathedral in 1896
Two suffragette bombs on display at the City of London Police Museum in 2019. The bomb on the right was used in an attempted bombing of St. Paul's in 1913.
The iconic St Paul's Survives taken on 29 December 1940 of St Paul's during the Blitz
St Paul's during a special service in 2008
The south choir organ
A floorplan
The dome
St Paul's Cathedral West Front Dome Street View
West Front
St Paul's from the south-east, with the tower of the destroyed Church of St Augustine, Watling Street to the right, now part of St Paul's Cathedral School.
Sarcophagus of Nelson in the crypt
The south-west tower
Gilt statue of Saint Paul at the top of the monument to St Paul's Cross in the cathedral precinct
18th-century engraving of St Paul's from the north-west by Canaletto
19th-century coloured engraving from the south-west by Thomas Hosmer Shepherd
Romantic 19th-century engraving of St Paul's in the evening after rain by Edward Angelo Goodall
Oil painting, John O'Connor, Evening on Ludgate Hill (1887) St Paul's looms beyond St Martin's.
St Paul's from Richmond House by the Venetian painter Canaletto (1747)
St Paul's viewed from a loggia, a capriccio (c. 1748) by Antonio Joli who also worked in Venice.
An Impressionist view of St Paul's from the River by Ernest Dade (before 1936)
St Paul's from Bankside, a watercolour by Frederick E. J. Goff (before 1931)

St Paul's is the second-largest church building in area in the United Kingdom after Liverpool Cathedral.

Seville Cathedral

Roman Catholic cathedral in Seville, Andalusia, Spain.

View of the southeastern side of the Cathedral
Interior of the cathedral.
La Giralda
Door of Baptism, Seville
Door of the Conception, in the North facade
Renaissance vault
Golden ceiling, main nave, Seville Cathedral
Ceiling over the choir
Tomb of Columbus.
Main Door or Door of Assumption.
Door of Saint Miguel.
Door of the Prince.
Door of Palos.
Tympanum of the Door of Palos.
Door of Forgiveness.
Great sacristy ceiling
The elliptical Renaissance dome of the chapterhouse.
Seville Cathedral.
Seville Cathedral.
Exterior of the Cathedral (south view).
View from inside La Giralda.
Façade of the cathedral.
Giralda as seen from the outside wall of the Patio de los Naranjos.
Giralda from Plaza Virgen de Los Reyes.
Cathedral roofs and the Garden as seen from the Giralda.
Choir Seating inside the Cathedral.
The Silver Altar.
Inside the cathedral.
Gate to the Patio de los Naranjos, part of the old Almohad mosque, now annexed to the cathedral.
Pierre Dancart's masterpiece, considered one of the finest altarpieces in the world.
Montañés' Cristo de los Cálices (1603), located in the Sacristy.
Collapse caused by earthquake, 1 August 1888.
Inside the cathedral
Details of vaults in front of main chapel

It is the fourth-largest church in the world (its size remains a matter of debate) as well as the largest Gothic church.

Basilica of St. John the Baptist

Metropolitan cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. John's, Newfoundland and the mother church and symbol of Roman Catholicism in Newfoundland.

St. John's from Government House, with the basilica in the background, 1851. Work on the basilica was not completed until 1855.
Depiction of the basilica in 1871
Grey limestone, and white granite was used to build the basilica
A stained glass window at the basilica
Interior of the basilica

At this time, it was the largest church building in North America and remains the second largest church in Canada after Saint Joseph's Oratory in Montreal and the largest cathedral church in Canada.

Washington National Cathedral

American cathedral of the Episcopal Church.

Washington National Cathedral is officially dedicated as the "Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in the City and Diocese of Washington"
Exterior view
The west rose window was dedicated in 1977 in the presence of both the 39th President, Jimmy Carter, and Queen Elizabeth II (as Supreme Governor of the Church of England)
The 2004 state funeral of the 40th President, Ronald Reagan
Prayer and vigil for the March for Our Lives rally, March 23, 2018
Washington National Cathedral undergoing repairs in 2017
Looking east, looking up to the choir of the cathedral
Nave vaulting facing east
Side view
Detail of cast bronze gate
East End of the cathedral, with the Ter Sanctus reredos, featuring 110 carved figures surrounding the central figure of Jesus.
The flags of all the states of the US with the current liturgical banners hung on the pillars
The console of the Great Organ at Washington National Cathedral in 2010. It includes four manuals: the Choir, Great, Swell, and Solo. It is located in the Great Choir.
Woodrow Wilson's Tomb
Donation Thanks Engraving
Vaulting in northwest cloister
Pilgrim Observation Gallery
Flying buttresses
Side view of The Washington National Cathedral, with earthquake construction
There is a placard for every state from the United States
Statue of George Washington (by Lee Lawrie)
The Space Window
GITMO stone inscribed in 1964 as a gift to the cathedral from those at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
Mount Sinai stone
Women's porch
South transept tympanum
Detail of figures flanking south doors
Encaustic mural of the burial of Jesus in the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea
Stained glass window depicting major events of the life of Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Stained glass window depicting the life of Stonewall Jackson
Stained glass depicting Charles Warren
Stained glass dedicated to Andrew Carnegie
Darth Vader Grotesque
The rood in the chancel arch separating the nave from the choir
Washington National Cathedral Looking SE
Aerial view of the Washington National Cathedral

It is the second-largest church building in the United States, and the third-tallest building in Washington, D.C. The cathedral is the seat of both the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, Michael Bruce Curry, and the bishop of the Diocese of Washington, Mariann Edgar Budde.

Milan Cathedral

Cathedral church of Milan, Lombardy, Italy.

Milan Cathedral from the Square
Plate celebrating the laying of the first stone in 1386.
Saint Ambrose barring Theodosius from Milan Cathedral by Anthony van Dyck
Giovanni Antonio Amadeo on the "Amadeo's Little Spire"
St. Bartholomew
Plan of the Cathedral in the 16th century
The cathedral as it appeared in 1745.
Design for the crowning of Ferdinand I of Austria at the Duomo in 1838, by Alessandro Sanquirico
Tourists on the roof
Interior view of the Duomo di Milano
Statue on the roof
Statue on the roof
Saint Bartholomew
The Gold Madonna at the top of the cathedral
Artwork on the door of the Cathedral.

It is the largest church in the Italian Republic—the larger St. Peter's Basilica is in the State of Vatican City, a sovereign state—and possibly the second largest in Europe and the third largest in the world (its size and position remain a matter of debate).