List of narrative techniques

literary deviceliterary techniqueaudience surrogateliterary devicesnarrative techniqueliterary techniquesdeviceliterary methodstorytelling devicedramatic device
A narrative technique (also known more narrowly for literary fictional narratives as a literary technique, literary device, or fictional device) is any of several specific methods the creator of a narrative uses to convey what they want —in other words, a strategy used in the making of a narrative to relay information to the audience and, particularly, to "develop" the narrative, usually in order to make it more complete, complicated, or interesting.wikipedia
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Literary element

story elementcomponents
Literary techniques are distinguished from literary elements, which exist inherently in works of writing.
This distinguishes them from literary techniques, or non-universal features of literature that accompany the construction of a particular work rather than forming the essential characteristics of all narrative.

Backstory

back-storyback storybackstories
It is a literary device of a narrative history all chronologically earlier than the narrative of primary interest.

Story within a story

film within a filmshow-within-a-showplay within a play
A story within a story (or story within a plot) is a literary device in which one character within a narrative narrates.

Foreshadowing

foreshadowedforeshadowsforeshadow
Foreshadowing is a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story.

Frame story

framing deviceframe narrativeframe tale
A frame story (also known as a frame tale or frame narrative) is a literary technique that serves as a companion piece to a story within a story, where an introductory or main narrative sets the stage either for a more emphasized second narrative or for a set of shorter stories.

Plot device

narrative deviceplot devicesdevice
is any technique in a narrative used to move the plot forward.

Plot twist

twist endingsurprise endingtwist
A plot twist is a literary technique that introduces a radical change in the direction or expected outcome of the plot in a work of fiction.

Narrative hook

hookhooks
A narrative hook (or just hook) is a literary technique in the opening of a story that "hooks" the reader's attention so that he or she will keep on reading.

Poetic justice

killedpoetic ironypoetically just
Poetic justice is a literary device in which ultimately virtue is rewarded and viciousness is punished.

Red herring

red herringsred-herringRed herring (narrative)
It may be either a logical fallacy or a literary device that leads readers or audiences toward a false conclusion.

Author surrogate

alter egoare shared with his authorBelardo
As a literary technique, an author surrogate is a fictional character based on the author.

Doctor Who

Brian MinchinDr WhoDr. Who
These characters were intended to act as audience surrogates, through which the audience would discover information about the Doctor who was to act as a mysterious father figure.

Allegory

allegoricalallegoriesallegorically
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.

Pastiche

pastichespastichingimitations
In literature usage, the term denotes a literary technique employing a generally light-hearted tongue-in-cheek imitation of another's style; although jocular, it is usually respectful.

Irony

ironicironicallydramatic irony
Irony, in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.

Anthropomorphism

anthropomorphicanthropomorphizedanthropomorphised
Both have ancient roots as storytelling and artistic devices, and most cultures have traditional fables with anthropomorphized animals as characters.

One Thousand and One Nights

Arabian NightsThe Arabian NightsThe Book of One Thousand and One Nights
The One Thousand and One Nights and various tales within it make use of many innovative literary techniques, which the storytellers of the tales rely on for increased drama, suspense, or other emotions.

Fourth wall

breaking the fourth wallbreaks the fourth wallbreak the fourth wall

Theme (narrative)

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Various techniques may be used to express many more themes.

Pathetic fallacy

anthropomorphic fallacyanthropomorphic metaphorattributing motives to objects

Literary fiction

literaryClassicGeneral
A narrative technique (also known more narrowly for literary fictional narratives as a literary technique, literary device, or fictional device) is any of several specific methods the creator of a narrative uses to convey what they want —in other words, a strategy used in the making of a narrative to relay information to the audience and, particularly, to "develop" the narrative, usually in order to make it more complete, complicated, or interesting.

Narrative

storystoriesnarratives
A narrative technique (also known more narrowly for literary fictional narratives as a literary technique, literary device, or fictional device) is any of several specific methods the creator of a narrative uses to convey what they want —in other words, a strategy used in the making of a narrative to relay information to the audience and, particularly, to "develop" the narrative, usually in order to make it more complete, complicated, or interesting.