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Although there are many excavated ruins throughout the country, of particular importance are the Roman ruins of Conímbriga (Condeixa-a-Nova), in addition to many vestiges that encountered in the cities of Lisbon or Évora.
Conímbriga is one of the largest Roman settlements excavated in Portugal, and was classified as a National Monument in 1910.

Castle of Cola

Castro of Cola
Castle of Cola (Castelo de Cola) is an Iron Age residence and Islamic redoubt in the Portuguese Alentejo, classified as a National Monument.

Great Dolmen of Zambujeiro

Anta Grande do ZambujeiroGreat Dolmen of Zambujeiro, Évora
Due to its importance, the Great Dolmen of Zambujeiro (Anta Grande do Zambujeiro) was declared a national monument by the Portuguese government in 1971 (Decree-Law No.516/71, 22 November 1971).


Bracara AugustaBracaraBraga, Portugal
Although there are many examples of these structures, only the following have been classified by the Instituto de Gestão do Património Arquitectónico e Arqueológico as National Monuments:

Pena Palace

Pena National PalacePalace of PenaPena
It is a national monument and constitutes one of the major expressions of 19th-century Romanticism in the world.

Castelo de Santiago do Cacém

Castle of Santiago do CacémCastle of Santiago do Cácem
It is classified as a national monument.

Sete Fontes (Braga)

Sete FontesSeven Sources Aqueduct
On 18 April 1995, a dispatch was authorized for the system's evaluation for consideration as a national monument.

Castle of Santa Maria da Feira

Santa Maria da Feira CastleCastle of FeiraSanta Maria da Feira
It has been listed as a National monument since 1910.

Castelo de Sesimbra

Castle of SesimbraMoorish castle
It was classified as a National Monument on 16 June 1910.

Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo

Castelo RodrigoFigueira de Castelo Rodrigo Municipality
Known for its castle which is a listed National monument, as well as pine-wood forests and rolling hills.

Castle of Terena

Since 1946, it has been listed as a National monument.

Castle of Campo Maior

Campo MaiorCampo Maior Castle
It has been listed as a National monument since 1911.

Castle of the Moors

Castelo dos MourosCastle of SintraMoorish Castle
It is classified as a National Monument, part of the Sintra Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

São Jorge Castle

Castle of São JorgeLisbon CastleCastelo de São Jorge
Since the 12th century, the castle has variously served as a royal palace, a military barracks, home of the Torre do Tombo National Archive, and now as a national monument and museum.

Castle of Silves

Silves Castle
Between the 8th and 13th centuries, the castle was occupied by the moors who expanded it, making it one of the best preserved Moorish fortifications in Portugal, resulting in its classification as a National Monument in 1910.

Domus Municipalis

Although the building was classified by the Instituto Português do Património Arquitectónico (IPPAR) as a National Monument in 1910, by 1912, the building was in a state of degradation, without appropriate roof and used by squatters and the poor as shelter.

Castle of Evoramonte

Castle of ÉvoramontecastleEvoramonte
Since 1910, it has been listed as a Portuguese National monument.

Montalegre Castle

Castle of Montalegre
The Montalegre Castle is a Portuguese National monument in Montalegre, Vila Real.

Belém Palace

Palace of BelémBelémPalácio de Belém
On 10 March 2006, a Ministry of Culture dispatch reclassified the Palace as a National Monument to include the palace, gardens, Museum of the Presidency and other annexes.

Castle of Loulé

Classified a National Monument, since 20 June 1924, three towers remain within the cordon of walls, the remnants of the alcaldaria located within the structure.

Silves Cathedral

CathedralCathedral of SilvesSilves
It was classified as a national monument on June 29th, 1922.

Church of Santa Maria do Olival

Santa Maria dos Olivais
The Church has been characterized as National Monument since 1910.

Braga Cathedral

Cathedral of BragaBragaSé Cathedral
The Cathedral has been classified as National Monument since 1910.

Hermitage of Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Tomar)

Hermitage of Nossa Senhora da ConceiçãoErmida de Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Tomar)
The Hermitage of Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Our Lady of Conception) is a 16th-century hermitage located in the civil parish of São João Baptista, in the municipality of Tomar, designated as a National Monument (Monumento Nacional) in 1910.

Castle of Alandroal

The Castle of Alandroal (Castelo do Alandroal) is a medieval castle in the civil parish of [[Alandroal (Nossa Senhora da Conceição), São Brás dos Matos (Mina do Bugalho) e Juromenha (Nossa Senhora do Loreto)]], municipality of Alandroal, Portuguese district of Évora, classified as a National Monument.