List of oldest universities in continuous operation

oldest universitiesoldest universities in continuous operationeducationaloldest in the worldoldest universities in the worldoldest universityoldestfourth-oldest surviving universityList of oldest universitiesList of the oldest universities
This article contains a list of the oldest existing universities in continuous operation in the world.wikipedia
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University of Bologna

BolognaBologna UniversityUniversità di Bologna
The term was coined by the Italian University of Bologna, which, with a traditional founding date of 1088, is considered to be the first university.
Founded in 1088 by an organised guild of students (hence studiorum), it is the oldest university in the world, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe.

Bologna

BologneseBologna, ItalyBologne
Home to the oldest university in the world, the University of Bologna, established in AD 1088, the city has a large student population that gives it a cosmopolitan character.

University of Oxford

Oxford UniversityOxfordUniversity
There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation after the University of Bologna.

Ancient higher-learning institutions

Medieval university (Asia)institutions of higher learningacademy of learning
Other institutions of higher learning, such as those of ancient Greece, ancient Persia, ancient Rome, Byzantium, ancient China, ancient India and the Islamic world, are not included in this list owing to their cultural, historical, structural and juristic dissimilarities from the medieval European university from which the modern university evolved.
They are to be distinguished from the Western-style university, an autonomous organization of scholars that originated in medieval Europe and has been adopted in other regions in modern times (see list of oldest universities in continuous operation).

University of Cambridge

Cambridge UniversityCambridgeUniversity
Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university.

University of Padua

PaduaUniversity of PadovaPadua University
Padua is the second-oldest university in Italy and the world's fifth-oldest surviving university.

University of Coimbra

CoimbraCoimbra UniversityUniversity
Established in 1290 in Lisbon, it went through a number of relocations until it was moved permanently to its current city in 1537, being one of the oldest universities in continuous operation in the world, the oldest university of Portugal, and one of the country's largest museums of higher education and research institutions.

Complutense University of Madrid

Universidad Complutense de MadridUniversity of MadridComplutense University
The Complutense University of Madrid (Universidad Complutense de Madrid or Universidad de Madrid; Universitas Complutensis) is a public research university located in Madrid, and one of the oldest universities in the world.

Sapienza University of Rome

University of RomeUniversity of Rome La SapienzaLa Sapienza
Formally known as Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza", it is one of the largest European universities by enrollments and one of the oldest in history, founded in 1303.

University of Salamanca

SalamancaUniversidad de SalamancaSalamanca University
It is the oldest university in the Hispanic world and the third oldest university in the entire world still in operation.

Salamanca

Salamanca, SpainSalmanticaSalmantine
The University of Salamanca, which was founded in 1218, is one of the oldest universities in Spain and the third oldest western university, but the first to be given its status by the Pope Alexander IV who gave universal validity to its degrees.

University of Pisa

PisaPisa UniversityUniversità di Pisa
It is the 19th oldest extant university in the world and the 10th oldest in Italy.

Charles University

Charles University in PragueUniversity of PraguePrague
It is one of the oldest universities in Europe in continuous operation.

University of Pavia

PaviaPavia UniversityUniversità di Pavia
There was evidence of teaching as early as 1361, making it one of the oldest universities in the world.

Heidelberg University

University of HeidelbergHeidelbergRuprecht Karl University of Heidelberg
Founded in 1386 on instruction of Pope Urban VI, Heidelberg is Germany's oldest university and one of the world's oldest surviving universities.

University of St Andrews

St Andrews UniversityUniversity of St. AndrewsSt Andrews
It is the oldest of the four ancient universities of Scotland and, following Oxford and Cambridge universities, the third-oldest university in the United Kingdom and English-speaking world in general.

Kraków

KrakowCracowKraków, Poland
Kraków is home to Jagiellonian University, one of the oldest universities in the world and traditionally Poland's most reputable institution of higher learning.

University of Rostock

RostockRostock UniversityUniversität Rostock
It was the 5th university established in the Holy Roman Empire.

University of Turin

University of TorinoTurinTurin University
It is one of the oldest universities in Europe (one of the oldest in history), and continues to play an important role in research and training.

University of Glasgow

Glasgow UniversityGlasgowGlasgow College
Founded by papal bull in 1451, it is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities.

University of Greifswald

GreifswaldGreifswald UniversityErnst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald
Founded in 1456 (teaching existed since 1436 ), it is one of the oldest universities in Europe, with generations of notable alumni and staff having studied or worked in Greifswald.

Prague

Prague, Czech RepublicPrague, CzechoslovakiaPraha
In 1347, he founded Charles University, which remains the oldest university in Central Europe.

University of Basel

BaselBasel UniversityUniversity of Basle
Founded on 4 April 1460, it is Switzerland's oldest university and among the world's oldest surviving universities.

University of Valencia

ValenciaUniversitat de ValènciaUniversidad de Valencia
It is one of the oldest surviving universities in Spain, and the oldest in the Valencian Community, and is regarded as one of Spain's leading academic institutions.

University of Santiago de Compostela

SantiagoUniversidad de Santiago de CompostelaUniversidade de Santiago de Compostela
It is one of the world's oldest universities in continuous operation.