List of presidents of the United States who died in office

List of United States Presidents who died in office30thDeath of William Henry Harrisondiedfirst to die in officefour who died by assassinationpresident to die in officepresident's intra-term deathU.S. president to die in officeWilliam Henry Harrison died
Since the office was established in 1789, 44 persons have served as President of the United States.wikipedia
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President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
Since the office was established in 1789, 44 persons have served as President of the United States.
Nine vice presidents became president by virtue of a president's intra-term death or resignation.

William Henry Harrison

William H. HarrisonHarrisonWilliam Harrison
The first incumbent U.S. president to die was William Henry Harrison, on April 4, 1841, only one month after Inauguration Day.

United States presidential line of succession

presidential line of successionline of successionline of succession to the presidency
Harrison's death sparked a brief constitutional crisis regarding succession to the presidency, as the U.S. Constitution was unclear as to whether Vice President John Tyler should assume the office of president or merely execute the duties of the vacant office.

Zachary Taylor

TaylorPresident TaylorGeneral Zachary Taylor
The second American president to die in office, Zachary Taylor, died on July 9, 1850 from acute gastroenteritis.

Warren G. Harding

Warren HardingHardingPresident Harding
Next, Warren G. Harding suffered a heart attack, and died on August 2, 1923.

John F. Kennedy

KennedyPresident KennedyJohn Kennedy
The most recent U.S. president to die in office was John F. Kennedy, who was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas.

Curse of Tippecanoe

Tecumseh's CurseAll presidents elected in a year ending in Zero since 1840 have died in officeelected in a year ending in Zero since 1840 have died in office
This pattern of tragedies came to be known as the Curse of Tippecanoe, or the Curse of Tecumseh, the name of the Shawnee leader against whom Harrison fought in the 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe.

Assassination

assassinassassinatedassassinate
Of these, eight presidents have died in office: four were assassinated, and four died of natural causes; on each occasion, the vice president has succeeded to the presidency.

Vice President of the United States

Vice PresidentU.S. Vice Presidentvice presidential
Harrison's death sparked a brief constitutional crisis regarding succession to the presidency, as the U.S. Constitution was unclear as to whether Vice President John Tyler should assume the office of president or merely execute the duties of the vacant office. Of these, eight presidents have died in office: four were assassinated, and four died of natural causes; on each occasion, the vice president has succeeded to the presidency.

Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution

25th AmendmentTwenty-fifth Amendment25th Amendment to the United States Constitution
This practice is presently governed by Section One of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1967, which declares that, "the Vice President shall become President" if the president is removed from office, dies, or resigns.

Constitution of the United States

United States ConstitutionU.S. ConstitutionConstitution
Harrison's death sparked a brief constitutional crisis regarding succession to the presidency, as the U.S. Constitution was unclear as to whether Vice President John Tyler should assume the office of president or merely execute the duties of the vacant office. This practice is presently governed by Section One of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1967, which declares that, "the Vice President shall become President" if the president is removed from office, dies, or resigns.

Ratification

ratifiedratifyratifying
This practice is presently governed by Section One of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1967, which declares that, "the Vice President shall become President" if the president is removed from office, dies, or resigns.

Article Two of the United States Constitution

Article IIArticle TwoArticle II, Section 1, Clause 6
The initial authorization for this practice was provided by Article II, Section 1, Clause 6 of the Constitution, as originally adopted, which stated: "In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, ..."

United States presidential inauguration

inaugurationInauguration Daypresidential inauguration
The first incumbent U.S. president to die was William Henry Harrison, on April 4, 1841, only one month after Inauguration Day.

Pneumonia

bronchopneumoniabronchial pneumoniaNecrotizing pneumonia
He died from complications of what at the time was believed to be pneumonia.

Gastroenteritis

stomach flucholera morbusinfectious diarrhea
The second American president to die in office, Zachary Taylor, died on July 9, 1850 from acute gastroenteritis.

Abraham Lincoln

LincolnPresident LincolnPresident Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was the first U.S. president to be assassinated.

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

assassinationLincoln's assassinationAbraham Lincoln assassination
He was shot by John Wilkes Booth on the night of April 14, 1865 and died the following morning.

John Wilkes Booth

BoothJohn Wilkesfamous tragedian
He was shot by John Wilkes Booth on the night of April 14, 1865 and died the following morning.

James A. Garfield

James GarfieldGarfieldJames Abram Garfield
Sixteen years later, on July 2, 1881, James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, surviving for over two months before dying on September 19, 1881.

Assassination of James A. Garfield

assassinatedassassinationassassin
Sixteen years later, on July 2, 1881, James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, surviving for over two months before dying on September 19, 1881.

Charles J. Guiteau

Charles GuiteauGuiteauCharles Julius Guiteau
Sixteen years later, on July 2, 1881, James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, surviving for over two months before dying on September 19, 1881.

1900 United States presidential election

19001900 presidential electionU.S. presidential election, 1900
Re-elected to a second term in November 1900, William McKinley died eight days after being shot by Leon Czolgosz on September 6, 1901.

William McKinley

McKinleyPresident McKinleyPresident William McKinley
Re-elected to a second term in November 1900, William McKinley died eight days after being shot by Leon Czolgosz on September 6, 1901.

Assassination of William McKinley

assassinatedassassinationassassination of President William McKinley
Re-elected to a second term in November 1900, William McKinley died eight days after being shot by Leon Czolgosz on September 6, 1901.