List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman SultanSultanSultan of the Ottoman EmpireSultansOttoman SultansOttoman EmperorEmperor of the OttomansSultan of Turkeycomplete listSultans of the Ottoman Empire
The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanlı padişahları), who were all members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its perceived inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922.wikipedia
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Fall of Constantinople

conquest of Constantinoplesiege of ConstantinopleConstantinople
Administered at first from the city of Söğüt since before 1280 and then from the city of Bursa since 1323 or 1324, the empire's capital was moved to Adrianople (now known as Edirne in English) in 1363 following its conquest by Murad I, and then to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) in 1453 following its conquest by Mehmed II. After the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by Mehmed II, Ottoman sultans came to regard themselves as the successors of the Roman Empire, hence their occasional use of the titles Caesar (قیصر Qayser) of Rûm, and emperor, as well as the caliph of Islam.
The attackers were commanded by the 21-year-old Sultan Mehmed II, who defeated an army commanded by Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos and took control of the imperial capital, ending a 53-day siege that had begun on 6 April 1453.

Abdul Hamid II

Abdülhamid IIAbdulhamid IISultan Abdul Hamid II
Constitutionalism was only established during the reign Abdul Hamid II, who thus became the empire's last absolute ruler and its reluctant first constitutional monarch. Since 2017, the head of the House of Osman has been Dündar Ali Osman, a great-grandson of Abdul Hamid II.
Abdul Hamid II (, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; İkinci Abdülhamit; September 21, 1842 – February 10, 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state.

Ottoman Imperial Harem

Imperial Haremconcubines of the Ottoman SultanHarem
Despite being barred from inheriting the throne, women of the Imperial Harem—especially the reigning sultan's mother, known as the Valide Sultan—also played an important behind-the-scenes political role, effectively ruling the empire during the period known as the Sultanate of Women.
The Imperial Harem (, Harem-i Hümâyûn) of the Ottoman Empire was the Ottoman sultan's harem - composed of the wives, servants (both female slaves and eunuchs), female relatives, and the sultan's concubines - occupying a secluded portion (seraglio) of the Ottoman imperial household.

Sultanate of Women

Despite being barred from inheriting the throne, women of the Imperial Harem—especially the reigning sultan's mother, known as the Valide Sultan—also played an important behind-the-scenes political role, effectively ruling the empire during the period known as the Sultanate of Women.
The Sultanate of Women (Turkish: Kadınların Saltanatı) was a period of extraordinary political influence exerted by wives and mothers of the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire.

Sword of Osman

coronationghazi sword
Newly enthroned Ottoman rulers were girded with the Sword of Osman, an important ceremony that served as the equivalent of European monarchs' coronation.
The Sword of Osman (Osman'ın Kılıcı) was an important sword of state used during the enthronement ceremony (Kılıç alayı) of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire.

Bayezid I

Beyazid IBayezid I, the ThunderboltSultan Bayezid I
Bayezid I (I. Bayezid, Yıldırım Bayezid (nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman Turkish: یلدیرم), "Lightning, Thunderbolt"); 1354 – 8 March 1403) was the Ottoman Sultan from 1389 to 1402.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanlı padişahları), who were all members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its perceived inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922.
1918–1922) was a direct patrilineal (male-line) descendant of the first Ottoman sultan Osman I (d.

Mehmed I

Mehmet IMehmed ÇelebiMehmed
Mehmed I (1379 – 26 May 1421), also known as Mehmed Çelebi (, "the noble-born") or Kirişçi (from Greek Kyritzes, "lord's son"), was the Ottoman Sultan from 1413 to 1421.

Mehmed the Conqueror

Mehmed IIMehmet IISultan Mehmed II
Administered at first from the city of Söğüt since before 1280 and then from the city of Bursa since 1323 or 1324, the empire's capital was moved to Adrianople (now known as Edirne in English) in 1363 following its conquest by Murad I, and then to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) in 1453 following its conquest by Mehmed II. After the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by Mehmed II, Ottoman sultans came to regard themselves as the successors of the Roman Empire, hence their occasional use of the titles Caesar (قیصر Qayser) of Rûm, and emperor, as well as the caliph of Islam.
Mehmet ; 30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), commonly known as Mehmed the Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmet), was an Ottoman Sultan who ruled from August 1444 to September 1446, and then later from February 1451 to May 1481.

Devlet Hatun

Devlet
Devlet Hatun (full name Tâcü'l-havatin Devlet Hâtun bint-i Abdullah; died 23 January 1414) was the twelfth wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Mehmed I.

Emperor

empressemperorsSamraat
After the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by Mehmed II, Ottoman sultans came to regard themselves as the successors of the Roman Empire, hence their occasional use of the titles Caesar (قیصر Qayser) of Rûm, and emperor, as well as the caliph of Islam.
Ottoman rulers held several titles denoting their Imperial status.

Hüma Hatun

HumaHümaHüma Valide Hatun
undefined 1410 ‒ September 1449) was the fourth wife of Ottoman Sultan Murad II and mother of Mehmed II and the grandmother of Bayezid II.

Selim I

Sultan Selim IYavuz Sultan SelimSelim the Grim
Selim I (Ottoman Turkish: سليم اول, Turkish: Birinci Selim; 10 October 1470 – 22 September 1520), known as Selim the Grim or Selim the Resolute (Yavuz Sultan Selim), was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520.

Hurrem Sultan

Hürrem SultanRoxelanaHürrem
undefined 1502 – 15 April 1558), also known as Roxelana, was the chief consort and legal wife of the Ottoman Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent.

Murad III

Murat IIISultan Murad IIINazperver Hatun
Murad III (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثالث Murād-i sālis, Turkish: III.Murat) (4 July 1546 – 16 January 1595) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595.

Osman II

Osman
Osman II ( ‘Osmān-i sānī; 3 November 1604 – 20 May 1622), commonly known in Turkey as Genç Osman ("Osman the Young" in English), was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1618 until his regicide on 20 May 1622.

Kösem Sultan

Kosem SultanKösemMahpeyker Kösem Sultan
Kösem Sultan achieved power and influenced the politics of the Ottoman Empire when she became haseki sultan as favourite consort and later second legal wife of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I (r.

Mahfiruz Hatun

MahfiruzMahfiruze Hatice SultanMahfiruz Hatice Sultan
undefined 1590 – by 1607 or 1610) was a Circassian princess, the first consort of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I (r.

Dündar Ali Osman

Dündar AliosmanDündar I Ali II Osman VI Osmanoğlu
Since 2017, the head of the House of Osman has been Dündar Ali Osman, a great-grandson of Abdul Hamid II.
He is a great-grandson of Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II.

Osman I

Osman GaziOsmanOsman al-Ghazi
The empire came into existence at the end of the thirteenth century, and its first ruler (and the namesake of the Empire) was Osman I.
The Sword of Osman (Taklid-i Seyf) was an important sword of state used during the coronation ceremony of the Ottoman Sultans.

Caesar (title)

CaesarCaesarsKayser-i Rûm
After the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by Mehmed II, Ottoman sultans came to regard themselves as the successors of the Roman Empire, hence their occasional use of the titles Caesar (قیصر Qayser) of Rûm, and emperor, as well as the caliph of Islam.
Thus, following the conquest of Constantinople in 1453, the victorious Ottoman sultan Mehmed II became the first of the rulers of the Ottoman Empire to assume the title "Caesar of the Roman Empire" ( Kayser-i Rûm).

Nurbanu Sultan

NurbanuAfife Nurbanu Sultanbelow
Nurbanu became the most favored consort of Ottoman Sultan Selim II, who came to the throne in 1566, and the mother of Murad III.

Murad I

Murat ISultan Murad IMurad
Administered at first from the city of Söğüt since before 1280 and then from the city of Bursa since 1323 or 1324, the empire's capital was moved to Adrianople (now known as Edirne in English) in 1363 following its conquest by Murad I, and then to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) in 1453 following its conquest by Mehmed II.

Osman III

Othman IIISultan
Osman III ( ‘Osmān-i sālis;‎ 2/3 January 1699 – 30 October 1757) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1754 to 1757.

Abdul Hamid I

Abdülhamid IAbdulhamid IAbdülhamit I
Abdülhamid I, Abdul Hamid I or Abd Al-Hamid I (, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i evvel; Birinci Abdülhamit; 20 March 1725 – 7 April 1789) was the 27th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning over the Ottoman Empire from 1773 to 1789.