List of third party performances in United States presidential elections

{{center|Governor John Floyd of Virginia}}
{{center|Former A.G. William Wirt of Maryland}}
{{center|Former president Martin Van Buren of New York}}
{{center|Former president Millard Fillmore of New York}}
{{center|Vice President John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky}}
{{center|Former senator John Bell of Tennessee}}
{{center|Former rep. Horace Greeley of New York}}
{{center|Former rep. James B. Weaver of Iowa}}
{{center|Former president Theodore Roosevelt of New York}}
{{center|Former st. rep. Eugene V. Debs of Indiana}}
{{center|Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin}}
{{center|Governor Strom Thurmond of South Carolina}}
{{center|Fmr. governor George Wallace of Alabama}}
{{center|Representative John Anderson of Illinois}}
{{center|Businessman Ross Perot of Texas}}
<center>Fmr. ambassador James Monroe of Virginia</center>
<center>Fmr. ambassador Rufus King of New York</center>
<center>Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York</center>
{{center|Fmr. st. rep. James G. Birney of Michigan}}
{{center|Senator John P. Hale of New Hampshire}}
{{center|Businessman Peter Cooper of New York}}
{{center|Representative James B. Weaver of Iowa}}
{{center|Fmr. governor Benjamin Butler of Massachusetts}}
{{center|Fmr. governor John St. John of Kansas}}
{{center|Brigadier General Clinton B. Fisk of New York}}
{{center|Fmr. st. rep. Alson Streeter of Illinois}}
{{center|Fmr. rep John Bidwell of California}}
{{center|Senator John M. Palmer of Illinois}}
{{center|Baptist leader Joshua Levering of Kentucky}}
{{center|Editor of The Lever John G. Woolley of Illinois}}
{{center|Former st. rep. Eugene V. Debs of Indiana}}
{{center|Preacher Silas C. Swallow of Pennsylvania}}
{{center|Lawyer Eugene W. Chafin of Illinois}}
{{center|Writer and editor Allan L. Benson of Michigan}}
{{center|Fmr. governor Frank Hanly of Indiana}}
{{center|Fmr. st. rep Parley P. Christensen of Illinois}}
{{center|Minister Norman Thomas of New York}}
{{center|Representative William Lemke of North Dakota}}
{{center|Fmr. VP Henry A. Wallace of Iowa}}
{{center|Representative John G. Schmitz of California}}
{{center|Lawyer Ed Clark of California}}
{{center|Political activist Ralph Nader of Washington, D.C.}}
{{center|Fmr. governor Gary Johnson of New Mexico}}
{{center|Physician Jill Stein of Massachusetts}}
{{center|Academic Jo Jorgensen of South Carolina}}

List of third-party performances in United States presidential elections.

- List of third party performances in United States presidential elections
{{center|Governor John Floyd of Virginia}}

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Perot in 1986

Ross Perot

American business magnate, billionaire, politician and philanthropist.

American business magnate, billionaire, politician and philanthropist.

Perot in 1986
Perot in 1983
Perot with a portrait of George Washington in his office in 1986
Perot shakes hands with Bill Clinton at the third presidential debate at Michigan State University, October 19, 1992
Flyer from Perot's 1996 presidential campaign
Perot addresses the audience at the "A Time of Remembrance" ceremony in Washington, D.C., September 20, 2008.
From left to right: Larry Hagman, Ross Perot, Margot Perot and Suzanne Perot (1988)

Although he failed to carry a single state in either election, both campaigns were among the strongest presidential showings by a third party or independent candidate in U.S. history.

The bull moose was the party's official mascot

Progressive Party (United States, 1912)

Third party in the United States formed in 1912 by former president Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the presidential nomination of the Republican Party to his former protégé rival, incumbent president William Howard Taft.

Third party in the United States formed in 1912 by former president Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the presidential nomination of the Republican Party to his former protégé rival, incumbent president William Howard Taft.

The bull moose was the party's official mascot
The 1912 Progressive National Convention at the Chicago Coliseum
Theodore Roosevelt was the founder of the Progressive Party and thus is often associated with the party
16-page campaign booklet with the platform of the new Progressive Party
Roosevelt mixing ideologies in his speeches in this 1912 editorial cartoon by Karl K. Knecht (1883–1972) in the Evansville Courier
Roosevelt and Hiram Johnson after nomination
Pro-Roosevelt cartoon contrasts the Republican Party bosses in back row and Progressive Party reformers in front

In the 1912 election, Roosevelt won 27.4% of the popular vote compared to Taft's 23.2%, making Roosevelt the only third party presidential nominee to finish with a higher share of the popular vote than a major party's presidential nominee.

The members of political parties coordinate to collectively achieve and use political power.

Progressive Party (United States, 1924–1934)

Political party created as a vehicle for Robert M. La Follette, Sr. to run for president in the 1924 election.

Political party created as a vehicle for Robert M. La Follette, Sr. to run for president in the 1924 election.

The members of political parties coordinate to collectively achieve and use political power.

The party's share of the vote represents one of the best performances by a third party in presidential election history.

Robert M. La Follette

For his son, also a senator, see Robert M. La Follette Jr. "Fighting Bob" redirects here.

For his son, also a senator, see Robert M. La Follette Jr. "Fighting Bob" redirects here.

Robert M. La Follette's college yearbook photo, 1879
Portrait from History of the Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, vol. 2, 1898
La Follette addressing a large Chautauqua assembly in Decatur, Illinois, 1905
La Follette in 1908
La Follette in 1912
Time cover, December 3, 1923
La Follette recording a radio speech in 1924, shortly before his death
1924 presidential election results by county. Counties won by La Follette are marked green.
La Follette with his wife and daughter in February 1924

La Follette's 16.6 percent showing represents the third best popular vote showing for a third party since the American Civil War (after Roosevelt in 1912 and Ross Perot in 1992), and with him winning of his home state of Wisconsin.

Official portrait, 1989

George H. W. Bush

American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993.

American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993.

Official portrait, 1989
George H. W. Bush at his grandfather's house in Kennebunkport, c. 1925
Bush in his Grumman TBF Avenger aboard USS San Jacinto in 1944
Bush in Phillips Academy's 1942 yearbook
Bush, top right, stood with his wife and children, mid-1960s
Former president Dwight D. Eisenhower with Bush
Bush in 1969
Bush greeting then California Governor Ronald Reagan in 1967
Bush as ambassador to the United Nations, 1971
Bush as U.S. Liaison to China, c. 1975
Bush, as CIA Director, listens at a meeting following the assassinations in Beirut of Francis E. Meloy Jr. and Robert O. Waring, 1976
1980 campaign logo
Ronald Reagan, moderator Jon Breen, and Bush participate in the Nashua, New Hampshire, presidential debate, 1980
The Reagan–Bush ticket won the 1980 presidential election with 50.7% of the popular vote and a large majority of the electoral vote
Official portrait of Vice President Bush, 1981
President Ronald Reagan with Bush
Reagan and Bush in a meeting to discuss the United States' invasion of Grenada with a group of bipartisan members of Congress in October 1983
Vice President Bush standing with President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev on the New York City waterfront in 1988
1988 campaign logo
John Ashcroft and Vice President Bush campaign in St. Louis, Missouri, 1988
Bush won the 1988 presidential election with 53.4% of the popular vote and a large majority of the electoral vote
Chief Justice William Rehnquist administers the Presidential Oath of Office to George H. W. Bush
Map showing the division of East and West Germany until 1990, with Berlin in yellow
Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev at the Helsinki Summit in 1990
In 1991, the Soviet Union dissolved into fifteen independent republics, including Russia (labeled 11)
Iraq (green) invaded Kuwait (orange) in 1990
Bush meets with Robert Gates, General Colin Powell, Secretary Dick Cheney and others about the situation in the Persian Gulf, 1991
From left to right: (standing) President Carlos Salinas, President Bush, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney; (seated) Jaime Serra Puche, Carla Hills, and Michael Wilson at the NAFTA Initialing Ceremony, October 1992
Bush appointed Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court in 1991
Bush's approval ratings (red) compared to his disapproval ratings (blue) during his presidency
Bush was defeated in the 1992 presidential election by Bill Clinton
President Bill Clinton meeting with former presidents George H. W. Bush and Jimmy Carter at the White House in September 1993
George and Barbara Bush, 2001
From left to right: George H. W. Bush, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Jimmy Carter
Members of the public pay their respects at the casket of George H. W. Bush lying in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Bush visits NAS JRB during Hurricane Katrina relief efforts, 2005
The George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum on the west campus of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, 2011

Perot won 19% of the popular vote, one of the highest totals for a third-party candidate in U.S. history, drawing equally from both major candidates, according to exit polls.

Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904

Theodore Roosevelt

American politician, statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

American politician, statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904
Theodore Roosevelt at age 11
The Roosevelt coat of arms as displayed on Theodore Roosevelt's bookplate, featuring three roses in a meadow (in reference to the family name, which means "rose field" in Dutch).
6-year-old Theodore and 5-year-old Elliott watch Lincoln's funeral procession from the second-floor window of their grandfather's mansion (at top left, facing the camera), Manhattan, April 25, 1865
Roosevelt's taxidermy kit
Roosevelt's birthplace at 28 East 20th Street in Manhattan, New York City
Roosevelt as New York State Assemblyman, 1883
Theodore Roosevelt as Badlands hunter in 1885. New York studio photo.
NYC Police Commissioner Roosevelt walks the beat with journalist Jacob Riis in 1894—Illustration from Riis's autobiography.
The Asiatic Squadron destroying the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, 1898
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
Colonel Roosevelt and the Rough Riders after capturing Kettle Hill in Cuba in July 1898, along with members of the 3rd Volunteers and the regular Army black 10th Cavalry
Bureau of Engraving and Printing engraved portrait of Roosevelt as President
Official White House portrait by John Singer Sargent
Roosevelt driving through a sequoia tree tunnel
The U.S.'s intentions to influence the area (especially the Panama Canal construction and control) led to the separation of Panama from Colombia in 1903
1903 cartoon: "Go Away, Little Man, and Don't Bother Me". Roosevelt intimidating Colombia to acquire the Panama Canal Zone.
1904 election results
Roosevelt family at Oyster Bay, circa 1903
Roosevelt shortly after leaving office, October 1910
Roosevelt standing next to the elephant he shot on safari
Punch depicts no-holds-barred fight between Taft and Roosevelt
Roosevelt campaigning for president, 1912
Theodore Roosevelt's medical x-ray on October 14, 1912, after the assassination attempt, showing the bullet that would remain inside his body for life
The bullet-damaged speech and eyeglass case on display at the Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace in Manhattan, New York City
From left to right (seated): Fr. John Augustine Zahm, Cândido Rondon, Kermit Roosevelt, Cherrie, Miller, four Brazilians, Roosevelt, Fiala. Only Roosevelt, Kermit, Cherrie, Rondon, and the Brazilians traveled down the River of Doubt.
Former President Theodore Roosevelt in Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1914
Theodore and Edith Roosevelt's Grave at Youngs Memorial Cemetery
Part of the Works of Theodore Roosevelt
Sagamore Hill, Roosevelt's Long Island estate
"The Man of the Hour" Roosevelt as Warrior in 1898 and Peacemaker in 1905 settling war between Russia and Japan
1910 cartoon showing Roosevelt's many roles from 1899 to 1910
Theodore Roosevelt and pilot Hoxsey at St. Louis, October 11, 1910.

Roosevelt, meanwhile, garnered a higher share of the popular vote than any other third-party presidential candidate in history and won the most states of any third-party candidate after the Civil War.

Senator William Edgar Borah from Idaho

1924 United States presidential election

The 35th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1924.

The 35th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1924.

Senator William Edgar Borah from Idaho
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Senator James Watson
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Cover of Life, 19 Jun 1924
Oil Tycoon Edward Laurence Doheny
Edward Mandell "Colonel" House
Josephus Daniels
Representative Cordell Hull
Fmr. Senator and Governor Samuel Moffett Ralston
Results by county explicitly indicating the margin of victory for the winning candidate. Shades of red are for Coolidge (Republican), shades of blue are for Davis (Democratic), shades of green are for "Other(s)" (Non-Democratic/Non-Republican), grey indicates zero recorded votes and white indicates territories not elevated to statehood.
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<center>President Calvin Coolidge</center>
<center>Senator Hiram Johnson from California</center>
<center>Senator Robert M. La Follette from Wisconsin</center>
<center>Governor Frank Orren Lowden of Illinois (Declined to contest) </center>
<center>John W. Davis from West Virginia, Former Ambassador to the United Kingdom</center>
<center>William Gibbs McAdoo from California, Former Secretary of the Treasury</center>
<center>Governor Al Smith of New York (campaign) </center>
<center>Senator Oscar Underwood from Alabama</center>
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of presidential election results by county
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of "other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county

La Follette won 16.6% of the popular vote, a strong showing for a third party candidate, while Davis won the lowest share of the popular vote of any Democratic nominee since Breckinridge in 1860.

A highway sign designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia along a secondary road

Fremont County, Idaho

County located in the U.S. state of Idaho.

County located in the U.S. state of Idaho.

A highway sign designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia along a secondary road

No Democrat has won more than 26 percent of the county’s vote since 1980, and in fact, third-party candidates outpolled the Democratic nominee in 1972, 1992 and 2016.

Little House on the Prairie

Series of American children's novels written by Laura Ingalls Wilder, based on her childhood and adolescence in the American Midwest between 1870 and 1894.

Series of American children's novels written by Laura Ingalls Wilder, based on her childhood and adolescence in the American Midwest between 1870 and 1894.

Front hardcover, first ed. of the first vol. (1932)
Little House replica at the Little House Wayside
Caroline and Charles Ingalls

Roger Lea MacBride has strong connections to politics, being a once libertarian presidential candidate, and a member of the Republican Liberty Caucus.

1992 United States presidential election

The 52nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1992.

The 52nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1992.

Ross Perot was on the ballot in every state; in six states (Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, Louisiana, Oregon, Pennsylvania) Perot was placed on the ballot through the formation of a political party supporting his candidacy. His electoral performance in each of those states led to those parties being given ballot-qualified status.
Businessman Ross Perot from Texas
Andre Marrou was on the ballot in every state.
Lenora Fulani was on the ballot in thirty-nine states (352 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which she was an official write-in candidate.
John Hagelin was on the ballot in twenty-eight states (264 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
Howard Phillips was on the ballot in twenty-one states (215 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
Bo Gritz was on the ballot in eighteen states (161 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
Lyndon LaRouche was on the ballot in seventeen states (156 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
James Warren was on the ballot in thirteen states (148 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
Ron Daniels was on the ballot in eight states (126 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
Results by congressional district.
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{{center|Former Mayor of Irvine, California
{{center|White House Communications Director
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Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote

Perot won 18.9% of the popular vote, the highest share of the vote won by a candidate outside of the two major parties since 1912.