List of winners of the National Book Award

National Book Awardcategory Translationcategory Arts and Lettersin History and Biographyin Biographyin Historycategory Philosophy and Religionin Sciencecategory First Novelinaugural National Book Awards
These authors and books have won the annual National Book Awards, awarded to American authors by the National Book Foundation based in the United States.wikipedia
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Leon Edel

Edel, LeonJoseph Leon EdelLeon J. Edel
His work on James won him both a National Book Award and a Pulitzer Prize.

National Book Award

National Book AwardsLiterarian AwardMedal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters
These authors and books have won the annual National Book Awards, awarded to American authors by the National Book Foundation based in the United States.
Five of the seventeen medalists through 2004 were previous National Book Award winners (Bellow, Welty, McCullough, Updike, and Roth, all but McCullough for fiction).

National Book Award for Translated Literature

The National Book Award for Translated Literature was inaugurated in 2018 for fiction or non-fiction, where both author and translator were alive at the beginning of the awards cycle.
Winners from 1967 to 1983 are covered elsewhere.

Francis Steegmuller

Steegmuller, FrancisFrances SteegmullerSteegmullerFrancis
He won two National Book Awards—one in 1971 for Arts and Letters for his biography of Jean Cocteau (Cocteau: A Biography), another in 1981 for Translation for the first volume of Flaubert's selected letters (The Letters of Gustave Flaubert 1830-1857) —and the American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal.

Clayton Eshleman

He and José Rubia Barcia jointly prepared The Complete Posthumous Poetry of César Vallejo (1978) and won the U.S. National Book Award in category Translation.

T. Harry Williams

Williams, T. HarryThomas Harry Williams
He is perhaps best known for American Civil War study, Lincoln and His Generals (1952), a Book of the Month Club selection in 1952, and Huey Long (1969), a study of Louisiana politician Huey Pierce Long, Jr., 1970 winner of both the National Book Award in History and Biography and the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography.

William Troy (educator)

William Troy
He won the U.S. National Book Award in category Arts and Letters for his Selected Essays (1967).

James MacGregor Burns

Burns, James MacGregorBurnsJames M. Burns
In 1971 Burns received the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award in History and Biography for his work on America's 32nd president, Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom.

Hopscotch (Cortázar novel)

HopscotchRayuelaHopscotch (Julio Cortázar novel)
For the first U.S. edition, translator Gregory Rabassa split the inaugural National Book Award in the translation category.

Winthrop Jordan

Winthrop D. JordanJordan, Winthrop D.Winthrop Donaldson Jordan
Jordan is best known for his book White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812, published in 1968, which earned the National Book Award in History and Biography,

Louis Fischer

Fischer, Louis
Among his works were a contribution to the ex-Communist treatise The God that Failed (1949), a Life of Mahatma Gandhi (1950), basis for the Academy Award-winning film Gandhi (1982), as well as a Life of Lenin, which won the 1965 National Book Award in History and Biography.

Joseph P. Lash

Joseph LashLash, Joseph P.
A close friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, Lash won both the Pulitzer Prize for Biography and the National Book Award in Biography for Eleanor and Franklin (1971), the first of two volumes he wrote about the former First Lady.

Castle to Castle

D'un château l'autre
For the first U.S. edition, translator Ralph Manheim won the 1970 National Book Award in category Translation.

The Rise of the West

The Rise of the West: A History of the Human CommunityRise of the West
In 1964 it won the National Book Award in History and Biography.

Gregory Rabassa

For his version of Cortázar's novel, Hopscotch, Rabassa shared the inaugural U.S. National Book Award in Translation.

Austryn Wainhouse

In 1970 Wainhouse was Writer-in-Residence at the Jonas Salk Institute, and in 1972 he won the National Book Award in category Translation for Jacques Monod's Chance and Necessity (NY: Vintage, 1971).

Pauline Kael

KaelKael, PaulinePauline Kael Breakout Award
In 1970, Kael received a George Polk Award for her work as a critic at the New Yorker. She continued to publish collections of her writing with suggestive titles such as Kiss Kiss Bang Bang, When the Lights Go Down, and Taking It All In. Her fourth collection, Deeper into Movies (1973), won the U.S. National Book Award in the Arts and Letters category.

A Distant Mirror

A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century
It won a 1980 U.S. National Book Award in History.

Cosmicomics

CosmicomicheLieutenant Fenimore
The first U.S. edition, translated by William Weaver, won the National Book Award in the Translation category.

Anarchy, State, and Utopia

Anarchy, State and UtopiaWilt Chamberlain argumentAnarchy, State, Utopia
It won the 1975 US National Book Award in category Philosophy and Religion, has been translated into 11 languages, and was named one of the "100 most influential books since the war" (1945–1995) by the UK Times Literary Supplement.

The Path Between the Seas

The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870–1914The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870-1914The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914
It won the U.S. National Book Award in History, the Francis Parkman Prize, the Samuel Eliot Morison Award, and the Cornelius Ryan Award.

Interpretation of Schizophrenia

Arieti expanded the book vastly in 1974 (ISBN: 0-465-03429-2) and that edition won the U.S. National Book Award in the Science category.

Christopher Lasch

Lasch, Christopher
The Culture of Narcissism became a surprise best-seller and won the National Book Award in the category Current Interest (paperback).

Hideo Levy

Ian Hideo LevyIan LevyLevy, Ian Hideo
His English translation of the text won him the 1982 U.S. National Book Award in the Translation category (a split award).