Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine

The Lister Institute's building in Chelsea Bridge Road, London, by the architect Alfred Waterhouse; now the private Lister Hospital.

Established as a research institute in 1891, with bacteriologist Marc Armand Ruffer as its first director, using a grant of £250,000 from Edward Cecil Guinness of the Guinness family.

- Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine

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Coenzyme A

Coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle.

Structure of coenzyme A: 1: 3′-phosphoadenosine. 2: diphosphate, organophosphate anhydride. 3: pantoic acid. 4: β-alanine. 5: cysteamine.
Details of the biosynthetic pathway of CoA synthesis from pantothenic acid.
Some of the sources that CoA comes from and uses in the cell.

Its structure was determined during the early 1950s at the Lister Institute, London, together by Lipmann and other workers at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital.

Vitamin

Organic molecule that is an essential micronutrient which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism.

A bottle of B-complex vitamin pills
Calcium combined with vitamin D (as calciferol) supplement tablets with fillers.
Jack Drummond's single-paragraph article in 1920 which provided structure and nomenclature used today for vitamins

The term "vitamin" was derived from "vitamine", a compound word coined in 1912 by the biochemist Casimir Funk while working at the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine.

Edward Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh

Irish businessman and philanthropist.

The 1st Earl of Iveagh
Edward Cecil Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh (after Arthur Stockdale Cope)

Iveagh also donated £250,000 to the Lister Institute in 1898, the first medical research charity in the United Kingdom (to be modelled on the Pasteur Institute, studying infectious diseases).

Alexander R. Todd

Scottish biochemist whose research on the structure and synthesis of nucleotides, nucleosides, and nucleotide coenzymes gained him the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1957.

Todd held posts with the Lister Institute, the University of Edinburgh (staff, 1934–1936) and the University of London, where he was appointed Reader in Biochemistry.

University of London

Federal public research university located in London, England, United Kingdom.

Coat of arms
General Examination for Women certificate from 1878. These were issued 1869–1878, before women were admitted to degrees of the university.
Yeomanry House in Handel Street is the home of London UOTC. The flag seen flying is the University of London coat of arms.
The Imperial Institute Building in South Kensington, home to the university from 1900 to 1937
Senate House, constructed 1932–1937: the headquarters of the University of London
The University of London coat of arms
The main building of the University of London Union (now rebranded as 'Student Central, London')
Connaught Hall, located in Tavistock Square
Somerset House in 1836. The university had its offices here from 1837 to 1870.
King William IV, who granted the University of London its original royal charter in 1836.
An illustration of 6 Burlington Gardens, home to the university administration from 1870 to 1900.
Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation for India
Nelson Mandela (LLB; Hon. DSc Econ), Father of the Nation for South Africa
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Father of the Nation for Pakistan{{efn|Muhammad Ali Jinnah graduated from Inns of Court School of Law, which is now City Law School. In 2016, City University London became one of the constituent college of the University of London as City, University of London.}}
John Snow (MB, MD), founder of epidemiology
John Hunter, founder of modern surgery
Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing
Achim Steiner (MA 1985), Administrator of the UNDP
Tedros Adhanom (MSc 1992), 8th Director-General of the World Health Organization
Kaushik Basu (MSc 1974, PhD 1976), 11th Chief Economist of the World Bank
Jeremy Heywood (MSc 1986), 11th Cabinet Secretary
Margrethe II (Hon. LLD), Queen of Denmark
Aung San Suu Kyi (MPhil 1988), 1st State Counsellor of Myanmar
V. K. Krishna Menon (MSc, MA), 3rd Defence Minister of India
Fred Mulley (BSc), former British Secretary of State for Defence
Leszek Borysiewicz (PhD 1986){{efn|Imperial College London was a constituent college of University of London from years 1908 to 2007. All degrees during this time was solely issued by the federal university. Imperial College left UoL in 2007 and after which is now issuing its own degree in its name.}}, 345th Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
Elton John (Hon. DMus 2002), English singer and composer.
Mick Jagger, English singer and composer.
George Soros (BSc 1951, MSc 1954), billionaire investor and philanthropist.
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.{{efn|Attended; did not graduate.}}
Meir Shamgar, 7th Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Israel.
Sudhi Das (LLB 1918), 5th Chief Justice of India.
George V (LLD 1903), King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India <ref name="Foundation UOL">{{cite web|url=https://london.ac.uk/about-us/how-university-run/foundation-day|title=Foundation Day of University of London}}</ref>
Edward VIII (MCom 1921, DSc 1921), King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (DLitt 1937), Queen consort of the United Kingdom
Queen Elizabeth II (BMus 1946, LLD 1951), Queen of the United Kingdom and
Princess Margaret (DMus 1957),<ref name="Queen Mother Official Biography">{{cite book|last=Shawcross|first=William|title =Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother: The Official Biography|date=2 October 2009| publisher=Pan Macmillan, 2009| isbn=9780230748101}}</ref> Member of British royal family
Winston Churchill (LLD 1948), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom{{efn|The University of London awarded honorary doctorate degree to Winston Churchill at the Foundation Day ceremony on 18 November 1948.}}
Albert Einstein (1936), Theoretical physicist and Recipient of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921
René Cassin (1969), Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize in 1968
Amartya Sen (DSc Econ 2000), Recipient of Nobel Prize in Economics 1998
Lars Ahlfors (1978), Finnish mathematician Recipient of Fields Medal in 1936.<ref name="Lars Ahlfors UoL">{{cite web|title=Lars Ahlfors (1907-1996)|url=http://www.math.harvard.edu/history/ahlfors/|work=Harvard University|access-date=31 May 2018}}</ref><ref name="Lars Ahlfors UoL2">{{cite web|title=Lars Valerian Ahlfors|url=http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Ahlfors.html|work=University of St Andrews|access-date=31 May 2018}}</ref>
Franklin D. Roosevelt (1941), 32nd President of the United States

The Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, Chelsea, London, founded 1891. In 1978 became a science funding body

Arthur Harden

British biochemist.

Harden in 1929

Harden continued to work at Manchester until 1897 when he was appointed chemist to the newly founded British Institute of Preventive Medicine, which later became the Lister Institute.

Charles James Martin (physiologist)

British scientist who did seminal work on a very wide range of topics including snake toxins, control of body temperature, plague and the way it was spread, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, nutrition and vitamin deficiencies, proteins, and myxomatosis as a means of controlling rabbit populations.

Sister Florence Elizabeth McMillan, Dr Anderson in the centre and Sir Charles James Martin on the right

He was a director of the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, serving from 1903 to 1930.

Joseph Lister

British surgeon, medical scientist, experimental pathologist and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery and preventative medicine.

Lister in 1902
Lister's carbolic steam spray apparatus, Hunterian Museum, Glasgow
The microscope given to Lister by his father J.J. Lister in 1849
Joseph Lister in his youth
Louis Pasteur in his laboratory
The widespread introduction of antiseptic surgical methods followed the publishing of Lister's Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery in 1867
The Portrait of Dr. Samuel D. Gross. The portrait of American surgeon Samuel Gross at work created by Thomas Eakins in 1875. Gross rejected Lister's methodology when Lister visited the International Medical Congress in Philadelphia in 1876. Gross is quoted as saying: "Little if any faith is placed by any enlightened or experienced surgeon on this side of the Atlantic in the so-called carbolic acid treatment of Professor Lister". Examination of the portrait reveals that the assistant is holding the surgical instrument by the blade instead of the handle, delivering germs directly into the wound. The assistants have dirt on their hands, and a family member is present at the operation, bringing more germs into the operation
The Agnew Clinic by Thomas Eakins in 1889. It details an operation by David Hayes Agnew, professor of surgery who was on the point of retiring, to the students of University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Examination of the portrait shows that the surgeons are now wearing surgical dress, the use of surgical drapes over the body is predominant and a nurse is present as it is an operation on a woman. Lister work elicited a worldwide revolution in surgery in less than 25 years.
Micro-pipette used by Lister that dispensed a bacterial
solution diluted to contain an average of “rather less than one bacterium” per drop
Lister spraying phenol over patient. 1882.
Joseph Lister acclaims Louis Pasteur at Pasteur's Jubilee, Paris, 1892. Photograph after a painting by Jean-André Rixens
Arms of Joseph Lister: Ermine, on a fess invected sable three mullets of six points argent in chief a Staff of Aesculapius erect proper with canton of a baronet, Red Hand of Ulster
Lister Building, Glasgow Royal Infirmary
Lister Room, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
Lister Frieze, Polyclinic Umberto I hospital in Rome. The tympanum sculptures show Lister operating
alt=Image of Lister's name on the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, in Keppel Street|Lister's name on the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, in Keppel Street
Coast House, Deal, with its blue plaque to Lister.
Lister's hearse prior to his funeral service at Westminster Abbey
Lord Lister Memorial in Portland Place by Sir Thomas Brock in bronze, 1924
Plaque commemorating Joseph Lister on the facade of the polyclinic in Vienna
Plaque at 12 Park Crescent, Regent's Park, London
Photogravure plaque, Wellcome Institute, London

In 1903, the British Institute of Preventive Medicine was renamed Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine in honour of Lister.

Major Greenwood

English epidemiologist and statistician.

Major Greenwood

After a period of study with Karl Pearson he was appointed statistician to the Lister Institute in 1910.

Marc Armand Ruffer

Swiss-born British experimental pathologist and bacteriologist.

Marc Armand Ruffer

In 1891, he was appointed the first director of the British Institute of Preventive Medicine, latterly the Lister Institute.