Literacy

literacy rategender disparityilliterateilliteracyliterateread and writebiliteracyilliteracy rateliteracy educationadult literacy
Literacy is traditionally defined by dictionaries as the ability to read and write, although broader interpretations insist that any particular instance of reading and writing is always taking place in a specific context, as the proliferation of concepts like "conventional or basic literacy, functional literacy, digital literacy, media literacy, legal literacy, computer literacy, medical literacy and information literacy" suggest.wikipedia
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UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Experts at a UNESCO meeting have proposed defining literacy as the "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts".
Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press, regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage Sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide.

Numeracy

Mathematical Literacyinnumeracyinnumerate
Literacy emerged with the development of numeracy and computational devices as early as 8000 BCE.
A numerically literate person can manage and respond to the mathematical demands of life.

Morphology (linguistics)

morphologymorphologicalmorphologically
Reading development involves a range of complex language-underpinnings including awareness of speech sounds (phonology), spelling patterns (orthography), word meaning (semantics), grammar (syntax) and patterns of word formation (morphology), all of which provide a necessary platform for reading fluency and comprehension.
Phonological and orthographic modifications between a base word and its origin may be partial to literacy skills.

Reading

readReading (process)reader
Literacy is traditionally defined by dictionaries as the ability to read and write, although broader interpretations insist that any particular instance of reading and writing is always taking place in a specific context, as the proliferation of concepts like "conventional or basic literacy, functional literacy, digital literacy, media literacy, legal literacy, computer literacy, medical literacy and information literacy" suggest.
Literacy is the ability to use the symbols of a writing system.

Late Bronze Age collapse

Bronze Age collapsecollapse of the Bronze Agedisasters
As the Bronze Age collapsed, the Aramaeans moved into Canaan and Phoenician territories and adopted their scripts.
The deterioration of these governments interrupted trade routes and severely reduced literacy in much of the known world.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
Script developed independently at least five times in human history Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus civilization, lowland Mesoamerica, and China.
It emphasizes the rise in the Chinese standard of living, literacy rate, and average life expectancy since the 1970s, as well as improvements in workplace safety and efforts to combat natural disasters such as the perennial Yangtze River floods.

Jack Goody

J. R. GoodySir Jack GoodyJohn Rankine Goody
According to social anthropologist Jack Goody, there are two interpretations that regard the origin of the alphabet.
Goody has pioneered the comparative anthropology of literacy, attempting to gauge the preconditions and effects of writing as a technology.

Programme for International Student Assessment

PISAProgram for International Student AssessmentPISA studies
Data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) has consistently indicated the literacy underachievement of boys within member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
PISA aims to test literacy the competence of students in three fields: reading, mathematics, science on an indefinite scale.

Burkina Faso

BurkinabéBurkino FasoBurkina
Burkina Faso has a very low literacy rate of 28.7%.
Sankara renamed the country Burkina Faso and launched an ambitious socioeconomic programme which included a nationwide literacy campaign, land redistribution to peasants, railway and road construction and the outlawing of female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy.

Writing

writtentextwrite
Literacy is traditionally defined by dictionaries as the ability to read and write, although broader interpretations insist that any particular instance of reading and writing is always taking place in a specific context, as the proliferation of concepts like "conventional or basic literacy, functional literacy, digital literacy, media literacy, legal literacy, computer literacy, medical literacy and information literacy" suggest.

UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning

UNESCO Institute for EducationInstitute for EducationInstitute of Lifelong Learning
In regard to the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the UN in 2015, the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning h Thus, out of the 775 million illiterate adults in the world in 2010, more than one fifth were in sub- Saharan Africa – in other words, 20% of the adult population.
It is a non-profit international research, training, information, documentation and publishing centre on literacy, non-formal education, adult and lifelong learning.

Africa

African continentAfricanAfrican politics
The modern Aramaic alphabet rapidly spread east to the Kingdom of Nabataea, then to Sinai and the Arabian Peninsula, eventually making its way to Africa.
Although it has abundant natural resources, Africa remains the world's poorest and least-developed continent, the result of a variety of causes that may include corrupt governments that have often committed serious human rights violations, failed central planning, high levels of illiteracy, lack of access to foreign capital, and frequent tribal and military conflict (ranging from guerrilla warfare to genocide).

Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nations
Botswana has among the highest literacy rates in the developing world with around 85% of its population being literate.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
Thus, many scholars argue that the ancient Semitic-speaking peoples of northern Canaan (modern-day Syria) invented the consonantal alphabet as early as 1500 BCE.
The literacy rate of Syrians aged 15 and older is 90.7% for males and 82.2% for females.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
There is no reliable data on the nationwide literacy rate in Somalia.
The revolutionary army established large-scale public works programs and successfully implemented an urban and rural literacy campaign, which helped dramatically increase the literacy rate.

International Literacy Day

World Literacy Day
"Today, 70 percent of Pakistani youths can read and write. In 20 years, illiterate population has been reduced significantly", she said while speaking at a function held in connection with International Literacy Day.
Its aim is to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies.

Education in Egypt

Egyptian educational systemstudiesEducation
Education is compulsory from ages 6 to 15 and free for all children to attend.
The overall literacy rate in Egypt is 72 percent as of 2010, being 80.3% for males

List of countries by literacy rate

literacy rateliteracy ratesAdult literacy rate
This is a list of countries by literacy rate.

International Literacy Foundation

The International Literacy Foundation (ILF) is an independent, international nonprofit organisation, founded in 2010 with the aim of tackling illiteracy globally and therefore improving living standards around the world.

Postliterate society

postliterate
A postliterate society is a hypothetical society in which multimedia technology has advanced to the point where literacy, the ability to read or write, is no longer necessary or common.

Education For All

EFADakar Framework for Actionchildren not in education
The 1990 World Conference on Education for All, held in Jomtien, Thailand, would bring attention to the literacy gender gap and prompt many developing countries to prioritize women's literacy.

Dr. Seuss

Theodor Seuss GeiselTheodor GeiselDr Seuss
Some of the books are modeled on successful western books by authors such as Dr. Seuss; the most popular, however, are traditional Lao fairy tales.
In May 1954, Life magazine published a report on illiteracy among school children which concluded that children were not learning to read because their books were boring.

Book desert

books
In the past, researchers have studied how the absence or scarcity of books impact how a child's early literacy and language skills develop.

Functional illiteracy

functionally illiteratefunctional literacy analphabetic
Functional illiteracy is contrasted with illiteracy in the strict sense, meaning the inability to read or write simple sentences in any language.

UNESCO Institute for Statistics

UIS
Illiteracy persists to a greater extent in other regions: 2013 UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) data indicates adult literacy rates of only 67.55% in South Asia and North Africa, 59.76% in Sub-Saharan Africa.