Atomic structure of Lithium-7
CR2032 lithium button cell battery.
Lithium ingots with a thin layer of black nitride tarnish
Lithium 9 volt, AA, and AAA sizes. The top object is a battery of three lithium-manganese dioxide cells, the bottom two are lithium-iron disulfide cells and are compatible with 1.5 volt alkaline cells.
Lithium floating in oil
Diagram of lithium button cell battery with MnO2 (manganese dioxide) at cathode.
Lithium is about as common as chlorine in the Earth's upper continental crust, on a per-atom basis.
Nova Centauri 2013 is the first in which evidence of lithium has been found.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN icon required by IEC 60086-4 on coin cells (lithium button cells) with 20 mm diameter and more
Johan August Arfwedson is credited with the discovery of lithium in 1817
Hexameric structure of the n-butyllithium fragment in a crystal
Scatter plots of lithium grade and tonnage for selected world deposits, as of 2017
Lithium use in flares and pyrotechnics is due to its rose-red flame.
The launch of a torpedo using lithium as fuel
Lithium deuteride was used as fuel in the Castle Bravo nuclear device.

Lithium batteries are primary batteries that have metallic lithium as an anode.

- Lithium battery

Lithium and its compounds have several industrial applications, including heat-resistant glass and ceramics, lithium grease lubricants, flux additives for iron, steel and aluminium production, lithium batteries, and lithium-ion batteries.

- Lithium
Atomic structure of Lithium-7

2 related topics

Alpha

A lithium polymer battery used to power a smartphone

Lithium polymer battery

Rechargeable battery of lithium-ion technology using a polymer electrolyte instead of a liquid electrolyte.

Rechargeable battery of lithium-ion technology using a polymer electrolyte instead of a liquid electrolyte.

A lithium polymer battery used to power a smartphone
An experimental lithium-ion polymer battery made by Lockheed-Martin for NASA
Hexagonal lithium polymer battery for underwater vehicles made by Custom Cells Itzehoe GmbH
3-Cell LiPo battery for RC models
Apple iPhone 3GS's Lithium-ion battery, which has expanded due to a short circuit failure.

LiPo cells follow the history of lithium-ion and lithium-metal cells which underwent extensive research during the 1980s, reaching a significant milestone with Sony's first commercial cylindrical Li-ion cell in 1991.

The primary difference is that instead of using a liquid lithium-salt electrolyte (such as LiPF6) held in an organic solvent (such as EC/DMC/DEC), the battery uses a solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) such as poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) or poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVdF).

A 3.6v Li-ion battery from a Nokia 3310 mobile phone

Lithium-ion battery

A 3.6v Li-ion battery from a Nokia 3310 mobile phone
Cylindrical Panasonic 18650 lithium-ion cell before closing.
Lithium-ion battery monitoring electronics (over-charge and deep-discharge protection)
An 18650 size lithium ion cell, with an alkaline AA for scale. 18650 are used for example in notebooks or EVs
A lithium-ion battery from a laptop computer (176 kJ)
Nissan Leaf's lithium-ion battery pack.
Japan Airlines Boeing 787 lithium cobalt oxide battery that caught fire in 2013
Transport Class 9A:Lithium batteries

A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery is a type of rechargeable battery composed of cells in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode through an electrolyte to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging.

IATA estimates that over a billion lithium and lithium-ion cells are flown each year.