Lithuania

LTURepublic of LithuaniaLithuanianLTLituaniacountryLietuvaLITLitauenLithuanian-born
Lithuania (Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe.wikipedia
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Latvia

Republic of LatviaLatvianLAT
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
It is bordered by Estonia to the north, Lithuania to the south, Russia to the east, and Belarus to the southeast, and shares a maritime border with Sweden to the west.

Baltic Sea

BalticBaltic coastthe Baltic
The country is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark.
The Baltic Sea is a mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden, northeast Germany, Poland, Russia and the North and Central European Plain.

Vilnius

VilnaWilnoVilnius, Lithuania
Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius.
Vilnius (, see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 570,806.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west.

Kaunas

Kaunas, LithuaniaKovnoKowno
Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda.
Kaunas (also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania after Vilnius and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.

Klaipėda

MemelKlaipedaMemel (Klaipėda)
Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda.
Klaipėda (, ; Memel, Samogitian: Klaipieda, Kłajpeda) is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

Belarus

BLRRepublic of BelarusBelorussia
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
Belarus, officially the Republic of Belarus, formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea.

Lithuanian language

LithuanianLithuanian-languageLith.
The official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family, the other being Latvian.
It is the language of Lithuanians and the official language of Lithuania as well as one of the official languages of the European Union.

Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania

Lithuania declared independencedeclared independenceLithuania regained independence
On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania.
The Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania or Act of March 11 (Aktas dėl Lietuvos nepriklausomos valstybės atstatymo) was an independence declaration by Lithuania adopted on March 11, 1990, signed by all members of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania led by Sąjūdis.

Act of Independence of Lithuania

declared independenceAct of IndependenceLithuania's independence
As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania.
The Act of Reinstating Independence of Lithuania (Lietuvos Valstybės atkūrimo aktas) or Act of 16 February was signed by the Council of Lithuania on 16 February 1918, proclaiming the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania, governed by democratic principles, with Vilnius as its capital.

Partitions of Poland

partition of Polandpartitionsfirst partition of Poland
The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighbouring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.

German occupation of Lithuania during World War II

German occupationoccupation of Lithuania by Nazi GermanyNazi occupation of Lithuania
In the midst of the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany.
At first the Germans were welcomed as liberators from the repressive Soviet regime which occupied Lithuania prior to the German arrival.

Kaliningrad Oblast

KaliningradKaliningrad RegionOblast Kaliningrad
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
The oblast is a semi-exclave, bordered by Poland to the south and Lithuania to the east and north, so residents may only travel visa-free to the rest of Russia via sea or air.

Mindaugas

King MindaugasKaraliaus MindaugoLithuanian King Mindaugas
In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas and the Kingdom of Lithuania was created on 6 July 1253.
Now generally considered the founder of the Lithuanian state, he is also now credited with stopping the advance of the Tatars towards the Baltic Sea, establishing international recognition of Lithuania, and turning it towards Western civilization.

Kęstutis

KestutisDuke Kęstutis of LuthuaniaGrand Duke Kęstutis
Rulers' bodies were cremated up until the conversion to Christianity: the descriptions of the cremation ceremonies of the grand dukes Algirdas and Kęstutis have survived.
Kęstutis (Kinstut, ; c. 1297 – 3 or 15 August 1382) was a ruler of medieval Lithuania.

Kernavė

Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)Pajauta valley
Lietava, a small river not far from Kernavė, the core area of the early Lithuanian state and a possible first capital of the eventual Grand Duchy of Lithuania, is usually credited as the source of the name.
It is located in the Širvintos district municipality located in southeast Lithuania.

Šiauliai

SiauliaiShavliŠiauliai City Municipality
On 22 September 1236, the Battle of Saulė between Samogitians and the Livonian Brothers of the Sword took place close to Šiauliai.
Šiauliai (Šiaulē) is the fourth largest city in Lithuania, with a population of 107,086.

Kingdom of Lithuania

King of LithuaniaKingfirst King
In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas and the Kingdom of Lithuania was created on 6 July 1253.
The Kingdom of Lithuania was a Lithuanian monarchy which existed from 1251 to roughly 1263.

Bruno of Querfurt

Saint Bruno of QuerfurtSaint BrunoBruno Magdeburgensis
The first known record of the name of Lithuania (Lietuva) is in a 9 March 1009 story of Saint Bruno in the Quedlinburg Chronicle.
undefined 974 – 14 February 1009 AD), also known as Brun and Boniface, was a Christian missionary bishop and martyr, who was beheaded near the border of Kievan Rus and Lithuania for trying to spread Christianity.

Semigallians

SemigallianSemigaliansSemigallian tribe
Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD knew of the Galindians and Yotvingians, and early medieval chroniclers mentioned Old Prussians, Curonians and Semigallians.
Semigallians (Latvian Zemgaļi; Žiemgaliai, also Zemgalians, Semigalls, Semigalians) were the Baltic tribe that lived in the southcentral part of contemporary Latvia and northern Lithuania.

Curonians

CuronianCouroniansKurs
Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD knew of the Galindians and Yotvingians, and early medieval chroniclers mentioned Old Prussians, Curonians and Semigallians.
The Curonians or Kurs (Curonian: Korsi; Kuren; kurši; курши; ; kuršiai; kuralased; Kurowie) were a Baltic tribe living on the shores of the Baltic Sea in what are now the western parts of Latvia and Lithuania from the 5th to the 16th centuries, when they merged with other Baltic tribes.

Nordic-Baltic Eight

NB8Nordic-BalticNordic-Baltic Eight ''(NB-8)
It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries.
]]Nordic-Baltic Eight (NB8) is a regional co-operation format that includes Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden.

Ukraine

UkrainianUKRUkrainia
In 1362 or 1363, Grand Duke Algirdas achieved a decisive victory in the Battle of Blue Waters against Golden Horde and stopped its further expansion in the present-day Ukraine.
Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia.

Eurozone

euro areaeuro zoneeuro-zone
Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, eurozone, Schengen Agreement, NATO and OECD.
The eurozone consists of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.