Lithuania

🇱🇹LTULithuanianRepublic of LithuaniaLTcountryLithuanian personLithuanian-bornLithuanians1918
Lithuania (Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe.wikipedia
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Latvia

🇱🇻LatvianRepublic of Latvia
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
It is bordered by Estonia to the north, Lithuania to the south, Russia to the east, and Belarus to the southeast, and shares a maritime border with Sweden to the west.

Baltic Sea

BalticBaltic coastthe Baltic
It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark.
The Baltic Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, northwest Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

Vilnius

VilnaWilnoVilnius, Lithuania
Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.7 million people, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius.
Vilnius (, see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,147.

Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOL
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.

Klaipėda

MemelMemel (Klaipėda)Klaipeda
Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda.
Klaipėda (, ; German name: Memel, Samogitian name: Klaipieda, Polish name: Kłajpeda) is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

Kaunas

KovnoKaunas, LithuaniaKowno
Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda.
Kaunas (also see other names ) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.

Belarus

🇧🇾BLRBelarusian
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
Belarus, officially the Republic of Belarus, formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

Russia

🇷🇺RUSRussian
It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea.

Lithuanian language

LithuanianLith.Lithuanian-language
The official language, Lithuanian, along with Latvian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.
It is the language of Lithuanians and the official language of Lithuania as well as one of the official languages of the European Union.

Act of Independence of Lithuania

declared independenceAct of Independencedeclared its independence
As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania.
The Act of Reinstating Independence of Lithuania (Lietuvos Valstybės atkūrimo aktas) or Act of 16 February was signed by the Council of Lithuania on 16 February 1918, proclaiming the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania, governed by democratic principles, with Vilnius as its capital.

Partitions of Poland

partitionsfirst partition of Polandpartition of Poland
The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighbouring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.

Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania

Lithuania declared independencedeclared independencedeclaration of independence
On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania.
The act emphasized restoration and legal continuity of the interwar-period Lithuania, which was occupied by the USSR and lost independence in June 1940.

German occupation of Lithuania during World War II

German occupationoccupation of Lithuania by Nazi GermanyNazi occupation
In the midst of the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany.
At first the Germans were welcomed as liberators from the repressive Soviet regime which occupied Lithuania prior to the German arrival.

Mindaugas

King MindaugasKaraliaus MindaugoLithuanian King Mindaugas
In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania, was created on 6 July 1253.
Now generally considered the founder of the Lithuanian state, he is also now credited with stopping the advance of the Tatars towards the Baltic Sea, establishing international recognition of Lithuania, and turning it towards Western civilization.

Kernavė

Lietava, a small river not far from Kernavė, the core area of the early Lithuanian state and a possible first capital of the eventual Grand Duchy of Lithuania, is usually credited as the source of the name.
It is located in the Širvintos district municipality located in southeast Lithuania.

Šiauliai

Šiauliai City MunicipalityShavliSzawle
On 22 September 1236, the Battle of Saulė between Samogitians and the Livonian Brothers of the Sword took place close to Šiauliai.
Šiauliai (Šiaulē) is the fourth largest city in Lithuania, with a population of 107,086.

Kęstutis

Duke Kęstutis of LuthuaniaGrand Duke KęstutisLDK Kęstučio
Rulers' bodies were cremated up until the conversion to Christianity: the descriptions of the cremation ceremonies of the grand dukes Algirdas and Kęstutis have survived.
Kęstutis (Kinstut, ; born ca. 1297, died on 3 August or 15 August 1382 in Kreva) was a ruler of medieval Lithuania.

Kingdom of Lithuania

king of LithuaniaKingfirst King
In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania, was created on 6 July 1253.
The Kingdom of Lithuania was a Lithuanian monarchy which existed from 1251 to roughly 1263.

Bruno of Querfurt

Saint BrunoSaint Bruno Boniface of QuerfurtBruno z Querfurtu
The first known record of the name of Lithuania (Lietuva) is in a 9 March 1009 story of Saint Bruno in the Quedlinburg Chronicle.
undefined 974 – 14 February 1009 AD), also known as Brun and Boniface, was a missionary bishop and martyr, who was beheaded near the border of Kievan Rus and Lithuania while trying to spread Christianity in Eastern Europe.

Semigallians

Semigallian
Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD knew of the Galindians and Yotvingians, and early medieval chroniclers mentioned Old Prussians, Curonians and Semigallians.
Semigallians (Latvian Zemgaļi; Žiemgaliai, also Zemgalians, Semigalls, Semigalians) were the Baltic tribe that lived in the southcentral part of contemporary Latvia and northern Lithuania.

Curonians

CuronianKursCuronian people
Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD knew of the Galindians and Yotvingians, and early medieval chroniclers mentioned Old Prussians, Curonians and Semigallians.
The Curonians or Kurs (Curonian: Kursi; Kuren; kurši; курши; ; kuršiai; kuralased; Kurowie) were a Baltic tribe living on the shores of the Baltic Sea in what are now the western parts of Latvia and Lithuania from the 5th to the 16th centuries, when they merged with other Baltic tribes.

Nordic-Baltic Eight

Nordic-BalticNB8Nordic-Baltic Eight ''(NB-8)
It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries.
Nordic-Baltic Eight (NB8) is a regional co-operation format that includes Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden.

Ukraine

🇺🇦UkrainianUKR
In 1362 or 1363, Grand Duke Algirdas achieved a decisive victory in the Battle of Blue Waters against Golden Horde and stopped its further expansion in the present-day Ukraine.
Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia.

Eurozone

euro areaeuro zoneeurozone Member States
Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, eurozone, Schengen Agreement, NATO and OECD.
The eurozone consists of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.

Grand Duchy of Lithuania

LithuaniaLithuanianGrand Duke of Lithuania
Lietava, a small river not far from Kernavė, the core area of the early Lithuanian state and a possible first capital of the eventual Grand Duchy of Lithuania, is usually credited as the source of the name. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy.
The Statutes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania have the complete name of the state as the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Ruthenia and Samogitia (Ruthenian: Великое князство Литовское, Руское, Жомойтское и иных).