Littleton Groom

Sir Littleton GroomLittleton Ernest Groom(Sir) Littleton Groom
Sir Littleton Ernest Groom KCMG KC (22 April 1867 – 6 November 1936) was an Australian politician.wikipedia
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Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives

Speaker of the House of RepresentativesSpeakerSpeaker of the House
He held ministerial office under four prime ministers between 1905 and 1925, and subsequently served as Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1926 to 1929.
There is no convention in Australia that the Speaker should not be opposed in his or her seat, and three Speakers have been defeated at general elections: Littleton Groom (1929), Walter Nairn (1943) and William Aston (1972).

Attorney-General for Australia

Attorney-GeneralAttorney-General of AustraliaAttorney General
Over the following two decades he served as Minister for Home Affairs (1905–1906), Attorney-General (1906–1908), External Affairs (1909–1910), Trade and Customs (1913–1914), Vice-President of the Executive Council (1917–1918), Works and Railways (1918–1921), and Attorney-General (1921–1925). In October 1906, Groom became Attorney General until the defeat of the Deakin government in November 1908.

Minister for Home Affairs (Australia)

Minister for Home AffairsMinister for the InteriorMinister for Home and Territories
Over the following two decades he served as Minister for Home Affairs (1905–1906), Attorney-General (1906–1908), External Affairs (1909–1910), Trade and Customs (1913–1914), Vice-President of the Executive Council (1917–1918), Works and Railways (1918–1921), and Attorney-General (1921–1925). Groom was Minister of Home Affairs from July 1905 to October 1906 in the second Deakin Ministry and introduced legislation in 1906 to create a federal meteorological department and the creation of the Commonwealth Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIRO) in 1916 was in large part a product of his attempt to create an Australian Department of Agriculture in 1906.

Vice-President of the Executive Council

Department of the Vice-President of the Executive CouncilVice President of the Executive CouncilVice-Presidency of the Executive Council
Over the following two decades he served as Minister for Home Affairs (1905–1906), Attorney-General (1906–1908), External Affairs (1909–1910), Trade and Customs (1913–1914), Vice-President of the Executive Council (1917–1918), Works and Railways (1918–1921), and Attorney-General (1921–1925). Groom was Vice-President of the Executive Council in Hughes's Nationalist government from November 1917 to March 1918 and [[Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government (Australia)|Works and Railways]] from March 1918 to December 1921.

William Henry Groom

William GroomW. H. Groom
Groom was the son of William Henry Groom, who had arrived in Australia as a convict but became a prominent public figure in the Colony of Queensland.
William Henry Groom was succeeded as the member for Darling Downs by his third son Littleton Groom, who won the seat in Australia's first federal by-election and later became Speaker of the House of Representatives.

1901 Darling Downs by-election

1901Darling Downselected
He was a lawyer by profession, entering federal parliament at the 1901 Darling Downs by-election following his father's death. Groom won the first federal by-election in Australian history, as a Protectionist for the seat of Darling Downs, caused by the death of his father.
Littleton Groom was elected in the by-election, receiving nearly 63 per cent of the vote.

1929 Australian federal election

19291929 election12 October 1929
He was expelled from the Nationalists and lost his seat at the resulting election, but was re-elected in 1931 as an independent.
However, it was possible for the Speaker, Nationalist Sir Littleton Groom, to cast a deliberative vote in the committee (though not on the floor of the House, where the Speaker has only a casting vote).

Division of Darling Downs

Darling DownsDarling Downs (Qld)Darling Downs, Qld
Groom won the first federal by-election in Australian history, as a Protectionist for the seat of Darling Downs, caused by the death of his father.
Its prominent members included Sir Littleton Groom, Cabinet minister and Speaker, and Arthur Fadden, Prime Minister of Australia in 1941.

Ormond College

Ormond College (University of Melbourne)Choir of Ormond CollegeOrmond
Groom was educated at Toowoomba North State School, Toowoomba Grammar School, where he was dux of the school and captain of both the football and cricket teams, and Ormond College, University of Melbourne where he won the 1890 University Scholarship at the Final Honours Examination in Laws.

1931 Australian federal election

19311931 election19 December 1931
He was expelled from the Nationalists and lost his seat at the resulting election, but was re-elected in 1931 as an independent.

Toowoomba Grammar School

Toowoomba GrammarToowoomba
Groom was educated at Toowoomba North State School, Toowoomba Grammar School, where he was dux of the school and captain of both the football and cricket teams, and Ormond College, University of Melbourne where he won the 1890 University Scholarship at the Final Honours Examination in Laws.
Groom House holds the highest prestige after being named after Sir Littleton Groom.

Minister for Foreign Affairs (Australia)

Minister for Foreign AffairsMinister for External AffairsForeign Minister
Over the following two decades he served as Minister for Home Affairs (1905–1906), Attorney-General (1906–1908), External Affairs (1909–1910), Trade and Customs (1913–1914), Vice-President of the Executive Council (1917–1918), Works and Railways (1918–1921), and Attorney-General (1921–1925). With the formation of the Fusion government in June 1909, Groom became Minister for External Affairs until the Fusion's defeat in the 1910 election.

Stanley Bruce

BruceStanley Melbourne BruceBruce Government
He came into conflict with Prime Minister Stanley Bruce during the 1920s, and as speaker in 1929 refused to use his casting vote to save the government on a confidence motion.
Bruce and his supporters now lobbied the Speaker, Sir Littleton Groom to make a deliberative vote in committee to tie the numbers, leaving the Committee chairman James Bayley with the casting (and presumably pro-government) vote.

Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment

Minister for TradeMinister for Trade and CustomsMinister for Trade and Investment
Over the following two decades he served as Minister for Home Affairs (1905–1906), Attorney-General (1906–1908), External Affairs (1909–1910), Trade and Customs (1913–1914), Vice-President of the Executive Council (1917–1918), Works and Railways (1918–1921), and Attorney-General (1921–1925). He was Minister for Trade and Customs and Minister for Health in May and June 1924, following Austin Chapman's resignation on grounds of ill health. He was Trade and Customs in the Cook Ministry from June 1913 to September 1914.

Third Deakin Ministry

Deakin1909 to 1910Deakin government
In October 1906, Groom became Attorney General until the defeat of the Deakin government in November 1908.

Second Deakin Ministry

second Deakin governmentsecond ministry
Groom was Minister of Home Affairs from July 1905 to October 1906 in the second Deakin Ministry and introduced legislation in 1906 to create a federal meteorological department and the creation of the Commonwealth Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIRO) in 1916 was in large part a product of his attempt to create an Australian Department of Agriculture in 1906.

Fourth Deakin Ministry

Fusion governmentFusion ministry
With the formation of the Fusion government in June 1909, Groom became Minister for External Affairs until the Fusion's defeat in the 1910 election.

Division of Groom

GroomGroom (Qld)
In 1984, his old seat of Darling Downs was renamed the Division of Groom in his honour.
It is named in honour of Sir Littleton Groom, who represented Darling Downs with only one short break from 1901 to 1936 and served as Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives.

Minister for Health (Australia)

Minister for HealthMinister for Health and AgeingHealth
He was Minister for Trade and Customs and Minister for Health in May and June 1924, following Austin Chapman's resignation on grounds of ill health.

Fourth Hughes Ministry

Hughes governmentHughes's Nationalist government
Groom was Vice-President of the Executive Council in Hughes's Nationalist government from November 1917 to March 1918 and [[Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government (Australia)|Works and Railways]] from March 1918 to December 1921.

Cook Ministry

1913 to 1914Cook governmentCook Liberal Government
He was Trade and Customs in the Cook Ministry from June 1913 to September 1914.

1910 Australian federal election

19101910 election1910 federal election
With the formation of the Fusion government in June 1909, Groom became Minister for External Affairs until the Fusion's defeat in the 1910 election.

Minister for Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Development

Minister for Infrastructure and TransportMinister for TransportMinister for Works and Railways
Groom was Vice-President of the Executive Council in Hughes's Nationalist government from November 1917 to March 1918 and [[Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government (Australia)|Works and Railways]] from March 1918 to December 1921.

Henry Littleton Groom

Groom's elder brother, Henry Littleton Groom, was a long serving member of the Queensland Legislative Council.
As a politician he was inferior to his younger brother, Littleton Groom, a future Speaker of the Federal Parliament and member for the federal seat of Darling Downs.