Living Planet Index

Living Planet ReportLPI
The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate populations of species from around the world.wikipedia
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World Wide Fund for Nature

WWFWorld Wildlife FundWorld Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
The Zoological Society of London (ZSL) manages the index in cooperation with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) a.k.a. the World Wildlife Fund. The index was originally developed in 1997 by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) in collaboration with the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), the biodiversity assessment and policy implementation arm of the United Nations Environment Programme.
The Living Planet Report is published every two years by WWF since 1998; it is based on a Living Planet Index and ecological footprint calculation.

Living Planet Report

Results are presented biennially in the WWF Living Planet Report and in publications such as the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the UN Global Biodiversity Outlook.
It is based on the Living Planet Index and ecological footprint calculations.

Red List Index

Red Lists
In 2006, offering the Red List Index as an alternative, critics found the index treats all population decreases the same, without regard for absolute numbers (that could, for example, signal extinction).
Living Planet Index

Biodiversity

diversitybiological diversitybiodiverse
The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate populations of species from around the world.

Zoological Society of London

Zoological SocietyFZSZoological
The Zoological Society of London (ZSL) manages the index in cooperation with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) a.k.a. the World Wildlife Fund.

Environmental degradation

environmental damagedegradationenvironmental impact
This global trend suggests that natural ecosystems are degrading at a rate unprecedented in human history.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre

WCMCUnited Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
The index was originally developed in 1997 by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) in collaboration with the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), the biodiversity assessment and policy implementation arm of the United Nations Environment Programme.

United Nations Environment Programme

UNEPUnited Nations Environment ProgramUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
The index was originally developed in 1997 by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) in collaboration with the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), the biodiversity assessment and policy implementation arm of the United Nations Environment Programme.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005)
Results are presented biennially in the WWF Living Planet Report and in publications such as the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the UN Global Biodiversity Outlook.

Weighted arithmetic mean

averageaverage ratingweighted average
This process uses a weighted average method which places most weight on the largest (most species-rich) groups within a biogeographic realm.

Biogeography

biogeographicbiogeographicalbiogeographically
This process uses a weighted average method which places most weight on the largest (most species-rich) groups within a biogeographic realm.

Convention on Biological Diversity

CBDBiodiversityBiodiversity Treaty
In April 2002, and again in 2006, at the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 188 nations committed themselves to actions to: “… achieve, by 2010, a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national levels…”

Nagoya Protocol

It has also been adopted by the CBD as an indicator of progress towards its Nagoya Protocol 2011-2020 targets 5, 6, and 12 (part of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets).

Population growth

population growth ratepopulation explosiongrowth rate
Informing the CBD 2020 strategic plan, the Indicators and Assessments Unit at ZSL is concerned with ensuring the most rigorous and robust methods are implemented for the measurement of population trends, expanding the coverage of the LPI to more broadly represent biodiversity, and disaggregating the index in meaningful ways (such as assessing the changes in exploited or invasive species).

Exploitation of natural resources

exploitationeconomic exploitationexploited
Informing the CBD 2020 strategic plan, the Indicators and Assessments Unit at ZSL is concerned with ensuring the most rigorous and robust methods are implemented for the measurement of population trends, expanding the coverage of the LPI to more broadly represent biodiversity, and disaggregating the index in meaningful ways (such as assessing the changes in exploited or invasive species).

Invasive species

invasiveinvasive plant speciesinvasive plant
Informing the CBD 2020 strategic plan, the Indicators and Assessments Unit at ZSL is concerned with ensuring the most rigorous and robust methods are implemented for the measurement of population trends, expanding the coverage of the LPI to more broadly represent biodiversity, and disaggregating the index in meaningful ways (such as assessing the changes in exploited or invasive species).

Holocene extinction

extinctmass species extinctionsixth mass extinction
Despite the large editorial space granted to the topic of the sixth mass extinction, in 2018 National Geographic felt it necessary to say that headlines were "wrongly insisting that we’ve lost 60 percent of all animals over the course of 40 years".

National Geographic

National Geographic MagazineNational Geographic'' magazineThe National Geographic Magazine
Despite the large editorial space granted to the topic of the sixth mass extinction, in 2018 National Geographic felt it necessary to say that headlines were "wrongly insisting that we’ve lost 60 percent of all animals over the course of 40 years".

Ed Yong

Ed Yong writes in The Atlantic that the report was "widely mischaracterized—although the actual news is still grim".

The Atlantic

The Atlantic MonthlyAtlantic MonthlyAtlantic
Ed Yong writes in The Atlantic that the report was "widely mischaracterized—although the actual news is still grim".

Spiked (magazine)

SpikedSpiked OnlineSpiked Magazine
A Spiked columnist termed the report "eco-scaremongering".

Duke University

DukeTrinity CollegeDuke Blue Devils
The 2016 report was criticized by a professor at Duke University for over-representing western Europe where more data were available.

PLOS One

Plos One Genetics#CreatorGatePublic Library of Science
A 2017 investigation of the index by members of the ZSL team published in PLOS One found higher declines than had been estimated, and indications that in areas where less data is available, species might be declining more quickly.

Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development GoalMillennium Development Goals (MDGs)MDG
Millennium Development Goals