Livorno

LeghornLivorno, ItalyLeghorn, ItalyLivorneseVenezia NuovaArdenzaFortezza VecchiahistoryLeghorn (Livorno)Leghorn Technical School
Livorno is a port city on the Ligurian Sea on the western coast of Tuscany, Italy.wikipedia
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Old Fortress, Livorno

Fortezza VecchiaOld Fortress of Livorno
After the arrival of the Medici, the ruling dynasty of Florence, some modifications were made; between 1518 and 1534 the Fortezza Vecchia was constructed, and the voluntary resettlement of the population to Livorno was stimulated, but Livorno still remained a rather insignificant coastal fortress.
The Old Fortress of Livorno (Fortezza Vecchia di Livorno) is a castle in Livorno, Italy.

Province of Livorno

LivornoLivorno provinceLI
It is the capital of the Province of Livorno, having a population of 158,493 residents in December 2017.
Its capital is the city of Livorno.

Cisternoni of Livorno

Pasquale PocciantiCisternoneCisternino di città
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Livorno had numerous public parks housing important museums such as the Museo Civico Giovanni Fattori, Museo di storia naturale del Mediterraneo, and cultural institutions as the Biblioteca Labronica F.D. Guerrazzi and others in Neoclassical style as Cisternone, Teatro Goldoni and Liberty style as Palazzo Corallo, Mercato delle Vettovaglie, Stabilimento termale Acque della Salute, the Scuole elementari Benci all the last on project by Angiolo Badaloni.
The Cisternoni of Livorno are a series of three large buildings in the neoclassical style at Livorno, in Tuscany, Italy.

Italian Communist Party

PCICommunist PartyCommunist
The Italian Communist Party was founded in Livorno in 1921.
The PCI was founded as Communist Party of Italy on 21 January 1921 in Livorno by seceding from the Italian Socialist Party (PSI).

Synagogue of Livorno

synagogue
Many historic sites and buildings were destroyed by bombs of the Allies preceding their invasion, including the cathedral and Synagogue of Livorno.
The Synagogue of Livorno is a historic synagogue in Livorno, Italy.

Grand Duchy of Tuscany

TuscanyGrand Duke of TuscanyTuscan
During the Italian Renaissance, when it was ruled by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany of the House of Medici Livorno was designed as an "Ideal town".
He commanded the draining of the Tuscan marshlands, built a road network in Southern Tuscany, and cultivated trade in Livorno.

Monument of the Four Moors

The Monument of the Four Moors is dedicated to Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and is one of the most popular monuments of Livorno.
The Monument of the Four Moors (Monumento dei Quattro mori) is located in Livorno, Italy.

Tuscany

TuscanToscanaTuscany, Italy
Livorno is a port city on the Ligurian Sea on the western coast of Tuscany, Italy.
Livorno was bought in 1421 and became the harbour of Florence.

Etruscan cities

EtruscanEtruscan dodecapolisDodecapolis
Then Livorno was Etruscan (Labro).

Santa Caterina da Siena, Livorno

Santa Caterina da Siena
The Venezia Nuova district retains much of its original town planning and architectural features such as the bridges, narrow lanes, the houses of the nobility, churches as Santa Caterina da Siena and San Ferdinando, and a dense network of canals that once served to link its warehouses to the port.
Santa Caterina da Siena is a Baroque architecture, Roman Catholic church in the district Venezia Nuova central Livorno, region of Tuscany, Italy.

Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

Ferdinando I de' MediciFerdinando de' MediciFerdinando I
The Monument of the Four Moors is dedicated to Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and is one of the most popular monuments of Livorno. In the late 1580s, Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, declared Livorno a free port (porto franco), which meant that the goods traded here were duty-free within the area of the town's control.
He enacted an edict of tolerance for Jews and heretics, and Livorno became a haven for Spanish Jews as well as other persecuted foreigners.

San Ferdinando, Livorno

San Ferdinando
The Venezia Nuova district retains much of its original town planning and architectural features such as the bridges, narrow lanes, the houses of the nobility, churches as Santa Caterina da Siena and San Ferdinando, and a dense network of canals that once served to link its warehouses to the port.
San Ferdinando is a Baroque style, Roman Catholic church located in Venezia Nuova district next to Piazza del Luogo Pio in Livorno, region of Tuscany, Italy.

Alessandro Pieroni

Alessandro
The construction begun in June 1581 on a reviewed plan by Alessandro Pieroni under the direction by Antonio Cantagallina.
Alessandro Pieroni (18 April 1550 in Impruneta – 24 July 1607 in Livorno) was an Italian architect and painter.

Costanzo Ciano

Costanzo
A new parterre, built between 1925 and 1928 by Enrico Salvais and Luigi Pastore, was formed by a series of flower beds and a walkway which follow the outline of the sea with numerous balustrades named after Costanzo Ciano.
Born at Livorno the son of Raimondo Ciano and wife Argia Puppo, he entered the Naval Academy of Livorno in 1891, being commissioned an officer five years later.

Pietro Mascagni

MascagniMascagni, PietroIl Cieco
After the war the Terrazza was dedicated to Pietro Mascagni and in 1994 it underwent a complete restoration using the same kind of materials originally employed; the works were completed on 10 July 1998 with the reconstruction of the gazebo.
Mascagni was born on December 7, 1863 in Livorno, Tuscany, the second son of Domenico and Emilia Mascagni.

Port of Livorno

LivornoDiga Curvilinea LighthousePorto Mediceo
The Porto Mediceo was overlooked and defended by towers and fortresses leading to the town centre.
The Navicelli Channel is a channel built between 1563 and 1575 to connect Pisa with the port of Livorno.

Ligurian Sea

LigurianLigurian basinLigurian coast
Livorno is a port city on the Ligurian Sea on the western coast of Tuscany, Italy.
The ports of Genoa, La Spezia, and Livorno are on its rocky coast.

Elizabeth Ann Seton

St. Elizabeth Ann SetonSaint Elizabeth Ann SetonElizabeth Seton
In the early 19th century, the first American-born saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton converted from Protestantism to Catholicism while visiting Italian friends in Livorno.
The younger William had visited important counting houses in Europe in 1788, was a friend of Filippo Filicchi (a renowned merchant in Leghorn, Italy, with whom his firm traded), and brought the first Stradivarius violin to America.

Old English Cemetery, Livorno

Old English Cemeteryold English cemetery in Livorno, ItalyBritish cemetery
The Old English Cemetery is the oldest foreign Protestant burial ground in Italy.
The Old English Cemetery is a cemetery in Livorno, central Italy, located on a plot of land near the Via Verdi, close to the Waldensian Church and to the formerly Anglican church of St. George.

Levant Company

Turkey MerchantTurkey CompanyLevant
The more successful of the European powers re-established trading houses in the region, especially the British with the Levant Company.
The places reserved for the commerce of this company included all the states of Venice, in the Gulf of Venice; the state of Ragusa; all the states of the "Grand Signior" (the Sultan of Turkey), and the ports of the Levant and Mediterranean Basin; excepting Cartagena, Alicante, Barcelona, Valencia, Marseilles, Toulon, Genoa, Livorno, Civitavecchia, Palermo, Messina, Malta, Majorca, Menorca, and Corsica; and other places on the coasts of France, Spain, and Italy.

House of Medici

MediciMedici familyMedicis
After the arrival of the Medici, the ruling dynasty of Florence, some modifications were made; between 1518 and 1534 the Fortezza Vecchia was constructed, and the voluntary resettlement of the population to Livorno was stimulated, but Livorno still remained a rather insignificant coastal fortress. During the Italian Renaissance, when it was ruled by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany of the House of Medici Livorno was designed as an "Ideal town".
He commanded the draining of the Tuscan marshlands, built a road network in southern Tuscany and cultivated trade in Livorno.

Dutch German Church, Livorno

Temple of the Dutch German Congregation
The Temple of the Dutch German Congregation, known more simply as the Dutch German Church, is situated in Livorno, on the stretch of the Fosso Reale canal that runs between Piazza della Repubblica and Piazza Cavour.
Tempio della Congregazione Olandese Alemanna, literally Temple of the Dutch German Congregation) in Livorno, Italy, is on the stretch of the Fosso Reale canal that runs between Piazza della Repubblica and Piazza Cavour.

Bernardo Buontalenti

Buontalenti
In 1577 the architect Bernardo Buontalenti drew up the first plan.
His main achievements include the project for the new city of Livorno, the decoration of Palazzo Pitti and the Boboli Gardens with the famous grotto, as well as the Parco di Pratolino of which little remains today, except for a giant sculpture by Giambologna, representing the Colossus of the Apennines.

Sanctuary of Montenero

Madonna delle GrazieMadonna di MonteneroOur Lady of Grace of Montenero
Outside the body of the building, separated by a railing, is a Chapel dedicate to the Madonna di Montenero built in 1631.
The Shrine of Our Lady of Grace, also known as Sanctuary of Montenero, is a religious complex on the Monte Nero Livorno Hills, in Livorno, central Italy.

Charles Albert of Sardinia

Charles AlbertCarlo AlbertoCharles Albert of Savoy
The new square was commonly called Piazza del Voltone until 1850, then Piazza dei Granduchi in honour of the Lorraine dynasty until 1859, in the period of the Italian unification was named to Carlo Alberto until June 1946 when was given the current name Piazza della Repubblica.
On 2 May, Charles Albert embarked on the Sardinian frigate Commercio at Livorno, which arrived in Marseilles on 7 May.