A report on Texas and Llano Estacado

Early Native American tribal territories
The northern edge of the Llano Estacado in New Mexico
Nicolas de La Fora's 1771 map of the northern frontier of New Spain clearly shows the Provincia de los Tejas.
Caprock Escarpment south of Ralls, Texas
Stephen F. Austin was the first American empresario given permission to operate a colony within Mexican Texas.
Agricultural land and canyons on the eastern side of the Llano Estacado
Mexico in 1824. Coahuila y Tejas is the northeasternmost state.
Wind turbines
Surrender of Santa Anna. Painting by William Henry Huddle, 1886.
Map of Texas counties with population density
The Republic of Texas with present-day borders superimposed
Lubbock, Texas, the largest city on the Llano
Captain Charles A. May's squadron of the 2nd Dragoons slashes through the Mexican Army lines. Resaca de la Palma, Texas, May 1846
A shot of downtown Amarillo, Texas
Spindletop, the first major oil gusher
Midland, "The Tall City" of West Texas
Sam Rayburn Reservoir
Downtown Odessa
Texas Hill Country
Steinhagen Reservoir
Palo Duro Canyon
Franklin Mountains State Park
Big Bend National Park
Köppen climate types in Texas
Colonia in the Rio Grande Valley near the Mexico–United States border
A geomap depicting income by county as of 2014
Cotton modules after harvest in West Texas
An oil well
Brazos Wind Farm
Electronic Data Systems headquarters in Plano
Astronaut training at the Johnson Space Center in Houston
The Alamo is one of the most recognized symbols of Texas.
Big Tex presided over every Texas State Fair since 1952 until it was destroyed by a fire in 2012. Since then a new Big Tex was created.
The University of Texas at Austin
University of Houston
Texas A&M University
Rice University
The Texas Medical Center in Houston
The High Five Interchange in Dallas
"Welcome to Texas" sign
Terminal D at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Terminal E at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston
Port of Houston along the Houston Ship Channel
The Texas State Capitol at night
Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, 36th president of the United States
George W. Bush of Texas, 43rd president of the United States
AT&T Stadium, home of the Dallas Cowboys
Playoff game between the San Antonio Spurs and the Los Angeles Lakers in 2007

The Llano Estacado, sometimes translated into English as the Staked Plains, is a region in the Southwestern United States that encompasses parts of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas.

- Llano Estacado

The Great Plains region in Central Texas spans through the state's panhandle and Llano Estacado to the state's hill country near Lago Vista and Austin.

- Texas

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The Great Plains near a farming community in central Kansas

Great Plains

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Broad expanse of flatland in North America.

Broad expanse of flatland in North America.

The Great Plains near a farming community in central Kansas
Farmland in Sioux and Lyon Counties, Iowa (2013)
Dust cloud moving across the Llano Estacado near Ransom Canyon, Texas
Herd of Plains Bison of various ages resting in Elk Island Park, Alberta
The Great Plains as seen in Minnesota's upland prairie at Glacial Lakes State Park
The High Plains of Kansas, in the Smoky Hills near Nicodemus
Short-grass prairie near the front range of the Rockies in Colorado
View of Lake Lawtonka and wind turbines from Mount Scott, Oklahoma
A tornado touching down in Park County, Colorado, July 23, 2018
American bison (Bison bison), Wichita Mountain Wildlife Refuge, Oklahoma
Excavation of a fossil Daemonelix burrow at Agate Fossil Beds National Monument.
Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska
Buffalo hunt under the wolf-skin mask, George Catlin, 1832–33.
This painting by Alfred Jacob Miller is a portrayal of Plains Indians chasing buffalo over a small cliff. The Walters Art Museum.
Great Plains in North Dakota c. undefined 2007, where communities began settling in the 1870s.
Fort William, the first Fort Laramie, as it looked prior to 1840. Painting from memory by Alfred Jacob Miller
Grange in session, 1873
Withdrawal rates from the Ogallala Aquifer
Wind farm in the plains of West Texas
Black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) National Black-footed Ferret Conservation Center, Colorado
Swift fox (Vulpes velox), Colorado
Lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) on a lek in the Red Hills of Kansas
Great Plains ratsnake (Pantherophis emoryi), Missouri
Great Plains toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)
Homesteaders in central Nebraska in 1886
The Great Plains before the native grasses were plowed under, Haskell County, Kansas, 1897, showing a man near a buffalo wallow
Cattle herd and cowboy, c. 1902
Wheat field on Dutch flats near Mitchell, Nebraska, 1910

Parts of the U.S. states of Colorado, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and Wyoming;

High Plains – southeastern Wyoming, southwestern South Dakota, western Nebraska (including the Sand Hills), eastern Colorado, western Kansas, western Oklahoma, eastern New Mexico, and northwestern Texas (including the Llano Estacado and Texas Panhandle);

Flag of the Comanche Nation


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The Comanche or Nʉmʉnʉʉ ("the people" ) are a Native American tribe from the Southern Plains of the present-day United States.

The Comanche or Nʉmʉnʉʉ ("the people" ) are a Native American tribe from the Southern Plains of the present-day United States.

Flag of the Comanche Nation
LaDonna Harris, Comanche activist and founder of Americans for Indian Opportunity
War on the plains: Comanche (right) trying to lance an Osage warrior. Painting by George Catlin, 1834
Comanches watching an American caravan in West Texas, 1850, by the US Army officer, Arthur Lee
Comanche warriors, c. 1867–1874
Quanah Parker, prominent chief of the Comanche Indians with a feather fan. Photo by James Mooney, 1892.
Mac Silverhorn (Comanche), grandson of Silver Horn, drumming with friend at Redstone Baptist Church
Uwat (Comanche), photograph by Edward Curtis, 1930
Comanche mother and baby son in cradleboard, photo by Edward Curtis
Comanche cradleboard held at the Birmingham Museum of Art
A 19th-century Comanche child.
Comanches of West Texas in war regalia, c. 1830.
Comanche Tipis painted by George Catlin.
Comanche warrior Ako and horse. Photo by James Mooney, 1892.
Three mounted Comanche warriors, left, Frank Moetah. Photo by James Mooney, 1892.
Comanche Feats of Horsemenship, George Catlin 1834.
Comanches chasing bison, painted by George Catlin. Bison were the primary food source for the Comanche.
Comanche headdress at the Ethnologisches Museum, Berlin.
Chosequah, a Comanche warrior wearing full traditional regalia. Painted by E.A Burbank, 1897.
Comanche beaded ration bag, c. 1880, collection of the Oklahoma History Center
Charles Chibitty, Comanche code talker in World War II
Mo'o-wai ("Pushing aside" or "Pushing-in-the-middle"), aka "Shaking Hand", chief of the Kotsoteka
Karita Coffey, Comanche professor, ceramic artist, and sculptor at the Institute of American Indian Arts, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2014
Comancheria 1770-1850.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Comanche lived in most of present-day northwestern Texas and adjacent areas in eastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and northern Chihuahua.

The "Western Comanche" lived in the region of the upper Arkansas, Canadian, and Red Rivers, and the Llano Estacado.

Colorado River (Texas)

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Oblique air photo of the Colorado River where it crosses from Colorado County into Wharton County near Nada.
Pennybacker Bridge crossing the Lake Austin portion of the Colorado River
The Colorado River {{convert|5|mi|0|abbr=on}} from its source along the Caprock Escarpment, the border of Dawson and Borden County.
Colorado River under the Regency Suspension Bridge on the border of Mills and San Saba County
Scenic view of Colorado River meandering under a bridge overpass under State Highway 60 in Wharton
Scene on the Colorado River, Austin, Texas (postcard, {{circa|1907}})
A historical marker on US 90A between Eagle Lake and Altair explains the difficulty of navigating the lower Colorado River in the 1800s.
Old postcard of Bull Creek in Austin
Colorado River east of Columbus, Texas
Water reflections on sculpture falls

The Colorado River is an approximately 862 mi long river in the U.S. state of Texas.

The Colorado River originates south of Lubbock, on the Llano Estacado near Lamesa.

Francisco Vázquez Coronado in the Plaza Mayor de Salamanca

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

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Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from what is now Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.

Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from what is now Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.

Francisco Vázquez Coronado in the Plaza Mayor de Salamanca
The Coronado Expedition (1540–1542) from Mexico north through the future U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
Coronado Sets Out to the North (Frederic Remington, c. 1900)
The Coronado Expedition, 1540–1542 (DjVu format)
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition.
Episode from the Conquest of America by Jan Mostaert (c. 1545), probably Vázquez de Coronado in New Mexico

With the Turk guiding him, Vázquez de Coronado and his army might have crossed the flat and featureless steppe called the Llano Estacado in the Texas Panhandle and Eastern New Mexico, passing through the present-day communities of Hereford and Canadian.

In 1993, Jimmy Owens found crossbow points in Blanco Canyon in Crosby County, Texas, near the town of Floydada in Floyd County.

Southwestern United States

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Panoramic view of the southwestern United States
The Chihuahuan desert terrain mainly consists of basins broken by numerous small mountain ranges.
Saguaro cactus in the Sonoran Desert.
The Delicate Arch at Arches National Park
Four Corners Monument
Ancestral Puebloans ruins at Chaco Canyon
Map of Paleo-Indians in the American Southwest and Mexico
Oraibi pueblo
Narváez expedition (1528–36)
1846 map: Mexican Alta California (Upper California) in pink.
United States 1849–1850
United States 1850–1853
1860 Colorado Territory map
Utah Territory evolution 1850–1868
Confederate Arizona (outlined in blue)
Split of Arizona and New Mexico territories, in 1866, after small portion ceded to Nevada
The second transcontinental railroad: the "Santa Fe Route" – 1891.
Sandia Peak Ski Area, New Mexico
Map of the Southwestern United States as defined by the Learning Center of the American Southwest
The Wigwam. A dwelling used by various Native American tribes among the Southwestern US.
Fanciful drawing by Marguerite Martyn in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch of October 21, 1906, headed "Passing of the Country Store in the Southwest"
A Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia)
The High Plains in Eastern New Mexico, but also located in Eastern Colorado and West Texas
Desert bighorn sheep
Sonoran Desert terrain near Tucson
Chihuahuan Desert terrain near Carlsbad
Monument Canyon, some of the high desert lands found in Colorado
Grand Canyon from the South Rim
White Sands National Park, New Mexico
Little Finland in Gold Butte National Monument, Nevada
Runningback Josh Jacobs of the Las Vegas Raiders NFL team
T. J. McFarland pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks professional baseball team.
1. Phoenix (also the largest MSA)
2. El Paso (5th largest MSA)
3. Las Vegas (2nd largest MSA)
4. Albuquerque (also the 4th largest MSA)
5. Tucson (3rd largest MSA)

The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest or simply the Southwest, is a geographic and cultural region of the United States that generally includes Arizona, New Mexico, and adjacent portions of California, Colorado, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah.

Within the Southwest U.S. region, the Colorado is bordered to the south by the Mogollon Rim and the Sonoran Desert, to the west by the Mojave Desert, and to the east by the Rocky Mountains, the Rio Grande Rift valley, and the Llano Estacado.