Local government in the Philippines

local government unitLocal GovernmentLGULocal Government Codelocal governmentsmunicipal governmentLocal Government Code of the Philippineslocal government unit (LGU)local government unitslocalities
Officially local government in the Philippines, often called local government units or LGUs, are divided into three levels – provinces and independent cities; component cities and municipalities; and barangays.wikipedia
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Cities of the Philippines

CityComponentcities
Officially local government in the Philippines, often called local government units or LGUs, are divided into three levels – provinces and independent cities; component cities and municipalities; and barangays.
A city is one of the units of local government in the Philippines.

Municipalities of the Philippines

municipalitiesmunicipalityIncome class
Officially local government in the Philippines, often called local government units or LGUs, are divided into three levels – provinces and independent cities; component cities and municipalities; and barangays.
A municipality (bayan/munisipalidad; ; lungsod/munisipalidad; baley; balen/balayan; banwaan; bungto; ili) is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.

Provinces of the Philippines

provinceprovincesprovince of the Philippines
Officially local government in the Philippines, often called local government units or LGUs, are divided into three levels – provinces and independent cities; component cities and municipalities; and barangays.
! scope="col" style="border-bottom:none;" class="unsortable" colspan=3 | Total LGUs

Purok

puroks
Below barangays in some cities and municipalities are sitios and puroks.
It is not, however, officially considered a local government unit.

Philippine legal codes

legal codesLocal Government CodeLocal Government Code of 1991
Congress enacted the Local Government Code of the Philippines in 1991 to "provide for a more responsive and accountable local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization with effective mechanisms of recall, initiative, and referendum, allocate among the different local government units their powers, responsibilities, and resources, and provide for the qualifications, election, appointment and removal, term, salaries, powers and functions and duties of local officials, and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of local units."

List of primary local government units of the Philippines

local government unitsother provinces and independent citiesprimary LGUs
*List of primary local government units of the Philippines
Below is a combined list of primary-level subdivisions of local government in the Philippines. As of September 2015, there were 81 provinces, 33 highly urbanized cities, 5 independent component cities, and one independent municipality . All 120 primary-level LGUs (local government units) are under general administrative supervision of the President of the Philippines.

Barangay

barangaysBrgy.barrio
Officially local government in the Philippines, often called local government units or LGUs, are divided into three levels – provinces and independent cities; component cities and municipalities; and barangays.

Autonomous administrative division

autonomousautonomous regionautonomy
In one area, above provinces and independent cities, is an autonomous region, the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.

Sitio

sitiosComponent SitioIndependent Sitio
Below barangays in some cities and municipalities are sitios and puroks.

Regions of the Philippines

Regionregionsadministrative region
Provinces and independent cities are organized into national government regions but those are administrative regions and not separately governed areas with their own elected governments.

Constitution of the Philippines

1987 ConstitutionConstitution1935 Constitution
According to the Constitution of the Philippines, the local governments "shall enjoy local autonomy", and in which the Philippine president exercises "general supervision".

President of the Philippines

PresidentPhilippine PresidentPresidents
According to the Constitution of the Philippines, the local governments "shall enjoy local autonomy", and in which the Philippine president exercises "general supervision".

Congress of the Philippines

CongressPhilippine CongressPhilippine Legislature
Congress enacted the Local Government Code of the Philippines in 1991 to "provide for a more responsive and accountable local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization with effective mechanisms of recall, initiative, and referendum, allocate among the different local government units their powers, responsibilities, and resources, and provide for the qualifications, election, appointment and removal, term, salaries, powers and functions and duties of local officials, and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of local units."

Recall election

recallrecalledrecall referendum
Congress enacted the Local Government Code of the Philippines in 1991 to "provide for a more responsive and accountable local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization with effective mechanisms of recall, initiative, and referendum, allocate among the different local government units their powers, responsibilities, and resources, and provide for the qualifications, election, appointment and removal, term, salaries, powers and functions and duties of local officials, and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of local units."

Initiative

ballot initiativepopular initiativeinitiatives
Congress enacted the Local Government Code of the Philippines in 1991 to "provide for a more responsive and accountable local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization with effective mechanisms of recall, initiative, and referendum, allocate among the different local government units their powers, responsibilities, and resources, and provide for the qualifications, election, appointment and removal, term, salaries, powers and functions and duties of local officials, and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of local units."

Cordillera Central (Luzon)

Cordillera CentralCordillera MountainsCordillera
The constitution limits the creation of autonomous regions to Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras but only one autonomous region exists: the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

ARMMMuslim MindanaoBangsamoro
In one area, above provinces and independent cities, is an autonomous region, the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao. The constitution limits the creation of autonomous regions to Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras but only one autonomous region exists: the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

2001 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expansion and inclusion plebiscite

a plebiscite in the ARMMA plebiscite was held on August 14voted to join the ARMM in 2001
In 2001, a plebiscite in the ARMM confirmed the previous composition of the autonomous region and added Basilan (except for the city of Isabela) and Marawi City in Lanao del Sur.

Basilan

Basilan IslandBasilan CityBasilan Straits
In 2001, a plebiscite in the ARMM confirmed the previous composition of the autonomous region and added Basilan (except for the city of Isabela) and Marawi City in Lanao del Sur.

Isabela, Basilan

Isabela CityIsabelaBasilan Chartered City, Philippines
In 2001, a plebiscite in the ARMM confirmed the previous composition of the autonomous region and added Basilan (except for the city of Isabela) and Marawi City in Lanao del Sur.

Marawi

Marawi CityDansalanIslamic City of Marawi
In 2001, a plebiscite in the ARMM confirmed the previous composition of the autonomous region and added Basilan (except for the city of Isabela) and Marawi City in Lanao del Sur.

Lanao del Sur

LanaoDarangen Epic Chantdel Sur
In 2001, a plebiscite in the ARMM confirmed the previous composition of the autonomous region and added Basilan (except for the city of Isabela) and Marawi City in Lanao del Sur.

Cordillera autonomy movement

Cordillera
A Cordillera Autonomous Region has never been formed because no plebiscite has received the required support.

Referendum

plebiscitereferendareferendums
Congress enacted the Local Government Code of the Philippines in 1991 to "provide for a more responsive and accountable local government structure instituted through a system of decentralization with effective mechanisms of recall, initiative, and referendum, allocate among the different local government units their powers, responsibilities, and resources, and provide for the qualifications, election, appointment and removal, term, salaries, powers and functions and duties of local officials, and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of local units." A Cordillera Autonomous Region has never been formed because no plebiscite has received the required support.

ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly

Regional Legislative AssemblyRegional AssemblyAutonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Regional Legislative Assembly
An autonomous region is governed by the regional governor and a legislature such as the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly.