Localism Act 2011

Localism ActLocalism BillLocalism Act of 2011
The '''Localism Act 2011 (c. 20)''' is an Act of Parliament that changes the powers of local government in England.wikipedia
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Local government in England

Leadershiplocal governmentlocal authorities
20)''' is an Act of Parliament that changes the powers of local government in England.
In 2012, principal councils began returning to Committee systems, under the Localism Act 2011.

Directly elected mayors in England and Wales

directly elected mayordirectly elected mayorsdirectly-elected mayor
The measures affected by the Act include an increase in the number of elected mayors, referendums and the "Local authority’s general power of competence" (Part 1, chapter 1) which states "A local authority has power to do anything that individuals generally may do". Mayor of Hackney Jules Pipe criticised it, saying that it "does not challenge the deep-rooted centralisation in the UK".
The Localism Act 2011 permitted central government to trigger referendums for elected mayors, and this was intended to happen in the largest cities during 2012.

Combined authority

combined authoritiescombined authority areacombined authority mayors
One notable outcome of the act has been the combined authorities formed by local authorities pooling their powers of transport and economy and gaining certain functions delegated from central government.
The Localism Act 2011 allowed additional transfers of powers from the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government and gave combined authorities a general power of competence.

Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016

metro mayorOffice createdCities and Local Government Devolution Bill 2015–16
As a result, there have been calls for legislation to bring about further devolution to the Core Cities Group, leading to the introduction of the Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016.
A clause added to the bill in the House of Commons in December 2015 confers general powers on National Park authorities for National Parks in England, along similar lines to those conferred on other local authorities by the Localism Act 2011.

Core Cities Group

Core CitiesThe Core Cities
As a result, there have been calls for legislation to bring about further devolution to the Core Cities Group, leading to the introduction of the Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016.
During the passage of the Localism Act 2011, the group promoted the 'Core Cities amendment' to allow for bespoke decentralisation to its members, which was successfully incorporated.

Eric Pickles

Sir Eric PicklesEric Pickles MPLord Pickles
The bill was introduced by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Eric Pickles, and given its first reading on 13 December 2010.
Pickles was responsible for the Localism Act 2011 that changed the powers of local government in England.

Planning Act 2008

National Policy StatementNational Policy Statement (United Kingdom)Planning Bill
Sections of the Act involving new regulations are straightforward but the Act also includes many detailed modifications of existing Acts, such as the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and the Planning Act 2008.
The Conservatives were opposed to the Infrastructure Planning Commission while in opposition and are now in the process of replacing it with part of the Planning Inspectorate via the Localism Bill, which is likely to be implemented in April 2012.

Asset of community value

Assets of Community Value
This section also creates new rights for charitable trusts, voluntary bodies and others to apply to councils to carry out services provided by the council, and allows lists to be compiled of Assets of Community Value such as shops, pubs and playing fields, which are privately owned, but which are of value to the community; if such assets are later sold, the Act makes it easier for local communities to bid for and take over the assets.
In England, an asset of community value (ACV) is land or property of importance to a local community which is subject to additional protection from development under the Localism Act 2011.

Police and crime commissioner

Police and Crime CommissionersPolice and Crime PanelPolice & Crime Commissioners
This section is concerned with council tax and requires local authorities, fire authorities, and police and crime commissioners to conduct a local referendum if they wish to implement a council tax increase that is considered "excessive" according to a set of principles defined by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government.
If a Commissioner wishes to increase the precept by an amount deemed to be excessive, the Localism Act 2011 requires a referendum.

Home Information Pack

HIPS
Home Information Packs, which were required when selling a property, are abolished.
The Localism Act 2011 formally repealed the Home Information Pack legislation on 15 January 2012.

GLA Land and Property

economic development
It abolishes the London Development Agency to be replaced by a subsidiary corporation (GLA Land and Property) and requires the Mayor of London to prepare and publish an "Economic development strategy for London” and "The London Environment Strategy". The section also allows the Mayor of London to create "Mayoral development corporations" whose object is to regenerate parts of London identified as "Mayoral development areas".
The Localism Act 2011 required that the assets and liabilities of the LDA should be transferred to the Greater London Authority, and that all commercial activities relating to land and property should be undertaken by a subsidiary company.

London Development Agency

LDALondon Development Agency Act 2003
It abolishes the London Development Agency to be replaced by a subsidiary corporation (GLA Land and Property) and requires the Mayor of London to prepare and publish an "Economic development strategy for London” and "The London Environment Strategy". The section also allows the Mayor of London to create "Mayoral development corporations" whose object is to regenerate parts of London identified as "Mayoral development areas".
The GLA was required by the Localism Act 2011 to take over the assets and liabilities of the former LDA in the subsidiary corporation GLA Land and Property.

Cornwall Council

CornwallCornwall County CouncilCornish unitary authority
In November 2010, British Prime Minister David Cameron said that his government would "devolve a lot of power to Cornwall - that will go to the Cornish unitary authority."
The subsequent Localism Act 2011 was expected to achieve this but it proved incapable.

Greater London Authority

GLALondon(GLA)
This section is concerned with changes to the Acts and regulations which affect the Greater London Authority.

Mayor of London

London MayorMayorMetropolitan Mayor
It abolishes the London Development Agency to be replaced by a subsidiary corporation (GLA Land and Property) and requires the Mayor of London to prepare and publish an "Economic development strategy for London” and "The London Environment Strategy". The section also allows the Mayor of London to create "Mayoral development corporations" whose object is to regenerate parts of London identified as "Mayoral development areas".
Most powers are derived from the Greater London Authority Act 1999, with additional functions coming from the Greater London Authority Act 2007, the Localism Act 2011 and Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011.

Infrastructure Planning Commission

Nationally the Infrastructure Planning Commission is abolished and new powers put in place to cover national infrastructure projects.
It was abolished by Coalition Government's Localism Act 2011 which transferred its decision making powers in all cases to the relevant Secretary of State.

Greater Manchester Combined Authority

Greater ManchesterDevolution to the Greater Manchester Combined Authority agreement in November 2014GMCA
In November 2011, the Greater Manchester Combined Authority used the Localism Act 2011 to seek provision for a further transfer of powers that would result in an additional devolution of authority from the UK's central government, enhancing its powers over transport and housing and granting it competencies to fund and control schemes on its own terms.
Following the passage of the Localism Act 2011 on 15 November 2011, the Department for Communities and Local Government began negotiating with groups of local councils for tailored deals to be included in the 2012 United Kingdom budget.

Act of Parliament (UK)

ActAct of ParliamentActs of Parliament
20)''' is an Act of Parliament that changes the powers of local government in England.

Referendum

plebiscitereferendareferendums
The measures affected by the Act include an increase in the number of elected mayors, referendums and the "Local authority’s general power of competence" (Part 1, chapter 1) which states "A local authority has power to do anything that individuals generally may do".

London Borough of Hackney

HackneyHackney, LondonHackney, East London
Mayor of Hackney Jules Pipe criticised it, saying that it "does not challenge the deep-rooted centralisation in the UK".

Jules Pipe

Mayor of Hackney
Mayor of Hackney Jules Pipe criticised it, saying that it "does not challenge the deep-rooted centralisation in the UK".

Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government

Secretary of State for Communities and Local GovernmentCommunities SecretaryCommunities and Local Government
The bill was introduced by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Eric Pickles, and given its first reading on 13 December 2010. This section is concerned with council tax and requires local authorities, fire authorities, and police and crime commissioners to conduct a local referendum if they wish to implement a council tax increase that is considered "excessive" according to a set of principles defined by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government.

Reading (legislature)

second readingthird readingfirst reading
The bill was introduced by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Eric Pickles, and given its first reading on 13 December 2010.

Royal assent

assentassentedassented to
The bill received Royal Assent on 15 November 2011.

Town and Country Planning Act 1990

Section 106Section 106 agreementplanning law
Sections of the Act involving new regulations are straightforward but the Act also includes many detailed modifications of existing Acts, such as the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and the Planning Act 2008.