Loess Plateau

yellow earthLoessloess depositsLuochuan Loess National Geopark
The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a 640000 km2 plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.wikipedia
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Ordos Plateau

Ordos LoopOrdosOrdos region
The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a 640000 km2 plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.
The Great Wall of China cuts across the center, roughly separating the sparsely populated north—considered the Ordos proper—from the agricultural south, known as the Loess Plateau.

Yellow River

YellowHuang HeYellow River Valley
The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a 640000 km2 plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.
One of its older Mongolian names was the "Black River", because the river runs clear before it enters the Loess Plateau, but the current name of the river among Inner Mongolians is Ȟatan Gol (, "Queen River").

Gansu

Gansu ProvinceKansuGansu, China
It covers almost all of the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi and extends into parts of Gansu, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia.
The seventh-largest administrative district by area at 453700 km2, Gansu lies between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and borders Mongolia (Govi-Altai Province), Inner Mongolia and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south and Shaanxi to the east.

Ningxia

Ningxia Hui Autonomous RegionNingxia Autonomous RegionNingxia Hui
It covers almost all of the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi and extends into parts of Gansu, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia.
This sparsely settled, mostly desert region lies partially on the Loess Plateau and in the vast plain of the Yellow River, and features the Great Wall of China along its northeastern boundary.

Shaanxi

Shaanxi ProvinceShensiShǎnxī
It covers almost all of the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi and extends into parts of Gansu, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia.
Shaanxi comprises the Wei Valley and much of the surrounding fertile Loess Plateau, stretching from the Qin Mountains and Shannan in the south to the Ordos Desert in the north.

Yaodong

human habitations
Historically the Loess Plateau has provided simple, insulated shelter from the cold winter and hot summer in the region, as homes called yaodong were often carved into the loess soil.
A yaodong or "house cave" is a particular form of earth shelter dwelling common in the Loess Plateau in China's north.

Agriculture in China

agricultureagriculturalChina
Its soil has been called "most highly erodible... on earth" and conservation efforts and land management are a major focus of modern Chinese agriculture.
Wheat is the second most-prevalent grain crop, grown in most parts of the country but especially on the North China Plain, the Wei and Fen River valleys on the Loess plateau, and in Jiangsu, Hubei, and Sichuan provinces.

Loess

lössloess soilloess soils
The area is named for its most distinctive feature, the highly friable "loess" (German for "loose";, huángtǔ, "yellow earth") soil that has been deposited by wind storms over the ages.
In China the loess deposits which give the Yellow River its color have been farmed and have produced phenomenal yields for over one thousand years.

1556 Shaanxi earthquake

Shaanxi earthquake15561556 in Shaanxi, China
During the 1556 Shaanxi earthquake, 830,000 people were killed as a result of collapsing loess caves.
Millions of people at the time lived in artificial loess caves on high cliffs in the area of the Loess Plateau.

Desertification

expansion of desertsdesertdesert encroachment
The plateau was highly fertile and easy to farm in ancient times, which contributed to the development of early Chinese civilization around the Loess Plateau, but centuries of overgrazing, subsistence farming, deforestation for fuel wood gathering and cultivation of crops on slopes, exacerbated by China's population increase, have resulted in degenerated ecosystems, desertification, and poor local economies.
Historical evidence shows that the serious and extensive land deterioration occurring several centuries ago in arid regions had three epicenters: the Mediterranean, the Mesopotamian Valley, and the Loess Plateau of China, where population was dense.

Yan'an

YenanYan’anYan An
The yaodongs that are best known to the world are perhaps those in Yan'an where the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong headquartered in 1930s.
Yan'an is located in northern Shaanxi on the south-central part of the Loess Plateau, with latitude spanning 35°21′–37°31′ N and longitude 107°41′–110°31′ E. It borders Yulin to the north, Xianyang, Tongchuan, and Weinan of the Guanzhong to the south, Linfen and Lüliang (Shanxi) to the east, and Qingyang (Gansu) to the west.

Loess Hills

Loess Hills Scenic Byway Loess Hills State ForestBroken Kettle Preserve

Plateau

plateausmountain plateauplateaux
The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a 640000 km2 plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.

Wei River

WeiWei valleyWei He
The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a 640000 km2 plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a 640000 km2 plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.

Shanxi

Shanxi ProvinceShansiShangxi
It covers almost all of the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi and extends into parts of Gansu, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia.

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia Autonomous RegionNei MongolInner
It covers almost all of the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi and extends into parts of Gansu, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
It was enormously important to Chinese history, as it formed one of the early cradles of Chinese civilization and its eroded silt is responsible for the great fertility of the North China Plain, along with the repeated and massively destructive of the Yellow River.

Silt

siltysilt depositdesilted
It was enormously important to Chinese history, as it formed one of the early cradles of Chinese civilization and its eroded silt is responsible for the great fertility of the North China Plain, along with the repeated and massively destructive of the Yellow River.

North China Plain

Central Plainseastern plaingreat plain
It was enormously important to Chinese history, as it formed one of the early cradles of Chinese civilization and its eroded silt is responsible for the great fertility of the North China Plain, along with the repeated and massively destructive of the Yellow River.

Alemannic German

AlemannicAlemannic dialectsAlemannic dialect
The area is named for its most distinctive feature, the highly friable "loess" (German for "loose";, huángtǔ, "yellow earth") soil that has been deposited by wind storms over the ages.

Sediment

sedimentslake sedimentdregs
The area is named for its most distinctive feature, the highly friable "loess" (German for "loose";, huángtǔ, "yellow earth") soil that has been deposited by wind storms over the ages.

Silk Road

Silk Routesilk tradesilk
In ancient times, this region was an important center of the Silk Road.

Ruby

rubiessynthetic rubyR'''uby
Goods moving by caravan to the west included gold, rubies, jade, textiles, coral, ivory, and art works.

Jade

nephrite jadegreenstoneJade (Silver Edition)
Goods moving by caravan to the west included gold, rubies, jade, textiles, coral, ivory, and art works.