Logical intuition

intuitionintuitive evaluationsmathematical intuitionrational intuition
Logical Intuition, or mathematical intuition or rational intuition, is a series of instinctive foresight, know-how and savviness often associated with the ability to perceive logical or mathematical truth — and the ability to solve mathematical challenges efficiently.wikipedia
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Intuition

intuitiveintuitivelyIntuition (knowledge)
Henri Poincaré distinguished logical intuition from other forms of intuition.
This definition is commonly referred to as rational intuition.

Truth

trueTruth theorytheory of truth
The passage goes on to assign two roles to logical intuition: to permit one to choose which route to follow in search of scientific truth, and to allow one to comprehend logical developments.
Gödel agreed that the ability to perceive the truth of a mathematical or logical proposition is a matter of intuition, an ability he admitted could be ultimately beyond the scope of a formal theory of logic or mathematics and perhaps best considered in the realm of human comprehension and communication, but commented:

Intuitionism

intuitionistintuitionisticintuitionistic mathematics
In Brouwer's original intuitionism, the truth of a mathematical statement is a subjective claim: a mathematical statement corresponds to a mental construction, and a mathematician can assert the truth of a statement only by verifying the validity of that construction by intuition.

Theorem

theoremspropositionconverse
Humans apply logical intuition in proving mathematical theorems, validating logical arguments, developing algorithms and heuristics, and in related contexts where mathematical challenges are involved.

Genetic programming

automatic evolution of computer programmesgenetic optimisationgenetic program evolver
The ability may not be realizable in a computer program by means other than genetic programming or evolutionary programming.

Evolutionary programming

evolutionary
The ability may not be realizable in a computer program by means other than genetic programming or evolutionary programming.

Plato

Plato's dialoguesDialogues of PlatoPlatonic dialogues
Plato and Aristotle considered intuition a means for perceiving ideas, significant enough that for Aristotle, intuition comprised the only means of knowing principles that are not subject to argument.

Aristotle

AristotelianAristotelesAristote
Plato and Aristotle considered intuition a means for perceiving ideas, significant enough that for Aristotle, intuition comprised the only means of knowing principles that are not subject to argument.

A priori and a posteriori

a prioria posterioriA priori'' and ''a posteriori
Plato and Aristotle considered intuition a means for perceiving ideas, significant enough that for Aristotle, intuition comprised the only means of knowing principles that are not subject to argument.

Henri Poincaré

PoincaréJules Henri PoincaréH. Poincaré
Henri Poincaré distinguished logical intuition from other forms of intuition.

Axiom

axiomspostulateaxiomatic
The passage goes on to assign two roles to logical intuition: to permit one to choose which route to follow in search of scientific truth, and to allow one to comprehend logical developments.

Logic

logicianlogicallogics
The passage goes on to assign two roles to logical intuition: to permit one to choose which route to follow in search of scientific truth, and to allow one to comprehend logical developments.

Bertrand Russell

RussellRussell, BertrandBertrand Russel
Bertrand Russell, though critical of intuitive mysticism, pointed out that the degree to which a truth is self-evident according to logical intuition can vary, from one situation to another, and stated that some self-evident truths are practically infallible:

Mysticism

mysticmysticalmystics
Bertrand Russell, though critical of intuitive mysticism, pointed out that the degree to which a truth is self-evident according to logical intuition can vary, from one situation to another, and stated that some self-evident truths are practically infallible:

Self-evidence

self-evidentself-evidentlyevident
Bertrand Russell, though critical of intuitive mysticism, pointed out that the degree to which a truth is self-evident according to logical intuition can vary, from one situation to another, and stated that some self-evident truths are practically infallible:

Infallibility

infallibleimmaculateinfallibly
Bertrand Russell, though critical of intuitive mysticism, pointed out that the degree to which a truth is self-evident according to logical intuition can vary, from one situation to another, and stated that some self-evident truths are practically infallible:

Kurt Gödel

GödelGödel, KurtGodel, Kurt
Kurt Gödel demonstrated based on his incompleteness theorems that intuition-based propositional calculus cannot be finitely valued.

Gödel's incompleteness theorems

Gödel's incompleteness theoremincompleteness theoremincompleteness theorems
Kurt Gödel demonstrated based on his incompleteness theorems that intuition-based propositional calculus cannot be finitely valued.

Propositional calculus

propositional logicpropositionalsentential logic
Kurt Gödel demonstrated based on his incompleteness theorems that intuition-based propositional calculus cannot be finitely valued.

Many-valued logic

multi-valued logicmultivalued logicpolyvalent
Kurt Gödel demonstrated based on his incompleteness theorems that intuition-based propositional calculus cannot be finitely valued.

Philosophical realism

realismrealistmetaphysical realism
Gödel also likened logical intuition to sense perception, and considered the mathematical constructs that humans perceive to have an independent existence of their own.

Finite set

finitefinitelyfinite sets
Under this line of reasoning, the human mind's ability to sense such abstract constructs may not be finitely implementable.

Artificial intelligence

AIA.I.artificially intelligent
Dissent regarding the implications of logical intuition in the fields of artificial intelligence and cognitive computing may similarly hinge on definitions.

Cognitive computing

cognitivecognitive computing systemsCognitive reasoning
Dissent regarding the implications of logical intuition in the fields of artificial intelligence and cognitive computing may similarly hinge on definitions.