London Convention (1884)

London ConventionLondon Convention of 1884convention of 1884ConventionLondon Conventionends
The London Convention was a treaty negotiated in 1884 between the United Kingdom, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic.wikipedia
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South African Republic

TransvaalTransvaal RepublicZuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
The London Convention was a treaty negotiated in 1884 between the United Kingdom, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic. The treaty governed the relations between the ZAR and the United Kingdom, following the retrocession of the South African Republic in the aftermath of the First Boer War.
This convention was renegotiated in the London Convention dated 27 February 1884, a subsequent treaty between Britain and the ZAR, and Britain acquiesced and the ZAR reverted to the use of the previous name.

Paul Kruger

KrugerPresident KrugerPresident Paul Kruger
President Paul Kruger
In 1884 he headed a third deputation that brokered the London Convention, under which Britain recognised the South African Republic as a fully independent state.

Pretoria Convention

Pretoria Convention of 1881regains independence
The London Convention superseded the 1881 Pretoria Convention.
This Convention was superseded in 1884 by the [[Convention Between the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic|London Convention]].

Nicolaas Smit

General Nicolaas Jacobus Smit
General Nicolaas Smit
Signatory to the London Convention (1884).

Stephanus Jacobus du Toit

Ds. S.J. du ToitRev S.J. du ToitRev SJ du Toit
Rev. Stephanus Jacobus du Toit
In 1883–4, he was part of Kruger’s delegation to Europe and helped negotiate the London Convention.

Ewald Auguste Esselen

Ewald Esselen
Ewald Auguste Esselen, as secretary to the Boer delegation
Between 1883-1884, he served as secretary of the Boer delegation to the London Convention which superseded the earlier Pretoria Convention.

First Boer War

FirstBoer WarFirst Anglo-Boer War
The treaty governed the relations between the ZAR and the United Kingdom, following the retrocession of the South African Republic in the aftermath of the First Boer War.
The Pretoria Convention was superseded in 1884 by the London Convention which provided for similar complete self-government, although still with British control of foreign relations.

Hercules Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead

Sir Hercules RobinsonHercules RobinsonHercules Robinson, Lord Rosmead
On 27 February 1884 Robinson signed the London Convention for the British government, with Paul Kruger, the new state president of the South African Republic, S.J. du Toit and N.J. Smit signing for the South African Republic.

Paramount ruler

paramount powerparamount kingparamount kings
The London Convention was a treaty negotiated in 1884 between the United Kingdom, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic.

Gerard Jacob Theodoor Beelaerts van Blokland

Gerard Beelaerts van Blokland
Jonkheer Gerard Jacob Theodoor Beelaerts van Blokland, a Dutch legal advisor to the South African Republic

Volksraad

At the request of the Transvaal Territory's Volksraad the name was restored to South African Republic.

Suzerainty

suzerainsuzerainsparamountcy
The main outcome of the London Convention was that British suzerainty over the South African Republic was relinquished.

History of South Africa

South AfricaSouth African historyBritish rule in South Africa
History of South Africa

London

London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom

Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
Yet he led Britain into war because he believed the British government had an obligation to British South Africans, because he thought that the Transvaal, the Orange Free State, and the Cape Boers aspired to a Dutch South Africa and that the achievement of such a state would damage British imperial prestige and because of the Boers treatment of black South Africans (Salisbury had referred to the London Convention of 1884, after the British defeat, as an agreement 'really in the interest of slavery').

Eswatini

Swaziland🇸🇿Swazi
This independence was also recognized in the convention of 1884.

Botswana–South Africa border

border
The eastern portion of the border from Ramatlabama to the Zimbabwean tripoint was the border between the South African Republic (ZAR) and the Bechuanaland Protectorate, and was defined by the Pretoria Convention of 1881 and the London Convention of 1884 which superseded it. These conventions settled the bounds of the ZAR, which subsisted until it was annexed to the British Empire during the Second Anglo-Boer War, becoming the Transvaal Colony.

Jameson Raid

Dr. Jameson's RaidAftermathfailed raid
After the First Anglo-Boer War, Gladstone's government restored the Transvaal's independence in 1884 by signing the London Convention.

Rudd Concession

concessionconcession for mining rightsmining rights
Lord Salisbury, the British Prime Minister, ruled that Moffat's treaty trumped Grobler's, despite being signed at a later date, because the London Convention of 1884 precluded the South African Republic from making treaties with any state apart from the Orange Free State; treaties with "native tribes" north of the Limpopo were permitted, but the Prime Minister claimed that Matabeleland was too cohesively organised to be regarded as a mere tribe, and should instead be considered a nation.

Vryburg

In February 1884, the London Convention was signed, making Stellaland a British protectorate, with the Reverend John McKenzie appointed Commissioner to British Bechuanaland.

South Africa–Zimbabwe border

South Africa/Zimbabwe Border
The border was established by the Pretoria Convention of 1881 and restated by the London Convention of 1884 which defined the boundaries of the South African Republic (the Transvaal Republic).

Treaty of London

Treaties of London
London Convention (1884), between the United Kingdom and the South African Republic.