London Docklands

DocklandsLondon docksD3London's docksD6D8docksLondon's Docklandsthe DocklandsLondon docker
London Docklands is the riverfront and former docks in London.wikipedia
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London Borough of Tower Hamlets

Tower HamletsBorough of Tower HamletsTower Hamlets Borough
It is located in inner east and southeast London, in the boroughs of Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Lewisham, Newham, and Greenwich.
It includes much of the redeveloped Docklands region of London, including West India Docks and Canary Wharf.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
London Docklands is the riverfront and former docks in London.
The principal ports for London moved downstream to Felixstowe and Tilbury, with the London Docklands area becoming a focus for regeneration, including the Canary Wharf development.

Rotherhithe

Downtown, Rotherhitheie.'' RotherhitheRedriff
The Howland Great Dock in Rotherhithe (built in 1696, and later to form the core of the Surrey Commercial Docks) was designed to address these problems, providing a large, secure and sheltered anchorage with room for 120 large vessels.
It is located on a peninsula on the south bank of the Thames, facing Wapping and Limehouse on the north bank, and is a part of the Docklands area.

Greenland Dock

Howland Great Wet DockHowland Great DockGreenland Passage
The Howland Great Dock in Rotherhithe (built in 1696, and later to form the core of the Surrey Commercial Docks) was designed to address these problems, providing a large, secure and sheltered anchorage with room for 120 large vessels.
Greenland Dock is the oldest of London's riverside wet docks, located in Rotherhithe in the area of the city now known as Docklands.

Port of London

LondonPort of London AuthorityLondon Port
The docks were formerly part of the Port of London, at one time the world's largest port.
London's Docklands had their origins in the lack of capacity in the Pool of London which particularly affected the West India trade.

Royal Victoria Dock

Victoria DocksVictoria DockRoyal Victoria
The Victorian docks were mostly further east, comprising the Royal Victoria (1855), Millwall (1868) and Royal Albert (1880).
The Royal Victoria Dock is the largest of three docks in the Royal Docks of east London, now part of the redeveloped Docklands.

Pool of London

PoolHythe of LondonLegal Quays
In Roman and medieval times, ships arriving in the River Thames tended to dock at small quays in the present-day City of London or Southwark, an area known as the Pool of London.
London's Docklands had their origins in the lack of capacity in the Pool of London which particularly affected the West India trade.

St Katharine Docks

St Katherine DocksSt KatharineSt. Katherine Docks
The first of the Georgian docks was the West India (opened in 1802), followed by the London (1805), the East India (also 1805), the Surrey (1807), the Regent's Canal Dock (1820), St Katharine (1828) and the West India South (1829).
It is in the redevelopment zone known as Docklands, and is now a popular housing and leisure complex.

King George V Dock, London

King George V DockKing George V Docks
The King George V Dock was a late addition in 1921.
King George V Dock is one of three docks in the Royal Docks of east London, now part of the redeveloped Docklands.

Lighterman

lightermenbargemanCompany of Watermen and Lightermen
The docks required an army of workers, chiefly lightermen (who carried loads between ships and quays aboard small barges called lighters) and quayside workers, who dealt with the goods once they were ashore.
Lightermen were one of the most characteristic groups of workers in London's docks during the heyday of the Port of London, but their trade was eventually rendered largely obsolete by changes in shipping technology.

Lighter (barge)

lighterlighterstank lighter
The docks required an army of workers, chiefly lightermen (who carried loads between ships and quays aboard small barges called lighters) and quayside workers, who dealt with the goods once they were ashore.
They were operated by highly skilled workers called lightermen and were a characteristic sight in London's docks until about the 1960s, when technological changes made this form of lightering largely redundant.

London Docklands Development Corporation

LDDCLondon Docklandsdecline
To address this problem, in 1981 the Secretary of State for the Environment, Michael Heseltine, formed the London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) to redevelop the area.
The London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) was a quango agency set up by the UK Government in 1981 to regenerate the depressed Docklands area of east London.

Docklands Light Railway

DLRDLR BridgeDLR station
This was addressed by the LDDC with the construction of the Docklands Light Railway (DLR), which connected the Docklands with the City.
The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is an automated light metro system opened in 1987 to serve the redeveloped Docklands area of East London, England.

Swing bridge

swing spanswingswing-span bridge
Road access to the Isle of Dogs, for example, was only via two swing bridges.

Jubilee line

JubileeFleet lineFleet
The London Underground's Jubilee line was extended eastwards in 1999; it now serves Rotherhithe/Surrey Quays at Canada Water station, the Isle of Dogs at Canary Wharf tube station, Greenwich at North Greenwich tube station and the nearby Royal Docks at Canning Town station.
The Jubilee line is a London Underground line that runs between in east London and in the suburban north-west, via the Docklands, South Bank and West End.

Heron Quays

However, there is no evidence that the LDDC foresaw this scale of development; nearby Heron Quays had already been developed as low-density offices when Canary Wharf was proposed, and similar development was already underway on Canary Wharf itself, Limehouse Studios being the most famous occupant.
Heron Quays forms part of the Canary Wharf area the Docklands, east London.

Royal Docks

Victoria and Albert DocksRoyal Group of DocksThe Royal Docks
The LDDC also contributed to the development of London City Airport (IATA airport code LCY), opened in October 1987 on the spine of the Royal Docks.
Royal Docks is an area and a ward in the London Borough of Newham in the London Docklands in East London, England.

Limehouse Link tunnel

Limehouse LinkA1203 Limehouse Link road
The LDDC also built the Limehouse Link tunnel, a cut and cover road tunnel linking the Isle of Dogs to The Highway (the A1203 road) at a cost of over £150 million per kilometre, one of the most expensive stretches of road ever built.
The Limehouse Link tunnel is a 1.1 mile long tunnel under Limehouse in East London on the A1203 road which links the northern approach of Tower Bridge with a point just north of Canary Wharf in London Docklands.

Canary Wharf tube station

Canary WharfCanary Wharf stationCanary Wharf Underground station
The London Underground's Jubilee line was extended eastwards in 1999; it now serves Rotherhithe/Surrey Quays at Canada Water station, the Isle of Dogs at Canary Wharf tube station, Greenwich at North Greenwich tube station and the nearby Royal Docks at Canning Town station.
Before the arrival of the Jubilee line, London's Docklands had suffered from relatively poor public transport.

London Underground

Undergroundtubetube station
The LDDC originally requested a full London Underground line, but the Government refused to fund it.
In 1999, the Jubilee line was extended from Green Park station through Docklands to Stratford station, resulting in the closure of the short section of tunnel between Green Park and Charing Cross stations, and including the first stations on the London Underground to have platform edge doors.

The Blitz

BlitzLondon Blitzbombing of London
German bombing during the Second World War caused massive damage to the docks, with 380,000 tons of timber destroyed in the Surrey Docks in a single night.
The London Docklands, in particular the Royal Victoria Dock, received many hits and Port of London trade was disrupted.

Canada Water

Canada Water is an area of the Docklands in south-east London.

Woolwich

Woolwich, EnglandWoolwich, LondonNorth Woolwich
James McArdle was imprisoned for 25 years after a trial at Woolwich Crown Court that ended on 24 June 1998.
The town is a river crossing point, with the Woolwich Ferry and the Woolwich foot tunnel crossing to North Woolwich in the London Docklands.

Urban enterprise zone

enterprise zoneenterprise zonesspecial enterprise zone
Another important government intervention was the designation in 1982 of an enterprise zone, an area in which businesses were exempt from property taxes and had other incentives, including simplified planning and capital allowances.
However, a notable success has been the London Docklands, largely derelict and with unsatisfactory transport infrastructure thirty years ago when a zone was first established, now a financial and media powerhouse.

Beckton

Beckton Sewage Treatment WorksGallions Reach Shopping ParkEast Beckton
The DLR was extended in 1994 to serve much of the Royal Docks area when the Beckton branch was opened.
In more recent times, industry has left the area, leaving huge areas of brownfield land, and Beckton has been redeveloped as part of the Docklands project.