Long Island

Long Island, New YorkLong Island, NYL. I.New Yorkeastern Long IslandL.I.Lange EylandtLongLong Island areaLong Island, New York State
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor approximately 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.wikipedia
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New York (state)

New YorkNYNew York State
The island comprises four counties in the U.S. state of New York.
Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island.

Brooklyn

Brooklyn, New YorkKingsBrooklyn, NY
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
Named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, it borders the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island.

Queens

Queens, New YorkQueens CountyQueens, NY
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
It is the largest borough geographically and is adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn at the southwestern end of Long Island.

New York metropolitan area

Combined Statistical AreaNew Yorktri-state area
However, many people in the New York metropolitan area (including those in Brooklyn and Queens) colloquially use the term Long Island (or the Island) to refer exclusively to Nassau and Suffolk Counties, which are mainly suburban in character, conversely employing the term the City to mean Manhattan alone.
The metropolitan area includes New York City (the most populous city in the United States), Long Island, and the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in the state of New York; the five largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, and Edison, and their vicinities; six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and their vicinities.

Suffolk County, New York

Suffolk CountySuffolkNew York
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
Suffolk County is a predominantly suburban county on Long Island and the easternmost county in the U.S. state of New York.

Nassau County, New York

Nassau CountyNassauLong Island
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
Nassau County is situated in western Long Island, bordering New York City's borough of Queens to the west, and Suffolk County to the east.

Long Island Sound

SoundLong Islandshoreline
North of the island is Long Island Sound, across which lie Westchester County, New York, and the state of Connecticut.
Long Island Sound is a tidal estuary of the Atlantic Ocean, lying between the eastern shores of The Bronx, New York City, southern Westchester County, and Connecticut to the north, and the North Shore of Long Island, to the south.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
The erosive forward movement of the ice (and its subsequent retreat) contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island.

East River

EastEast" River2017 Farragut Station oil spill
To the west, Long Island is separated from the Bronx and the island of Manhattan by the East River.
It separates the borough of Queens on Long Island from the Bronx on the North American mainland, and also divides Manhattan from Queens and Brooklyn, which are also on Long Island.

Westchester County, New York

Westchester CountyWestchesterWestchester, New York
North of the island is Long Island Sound, across which lie Westchester County, New York, and the state of Connecticut.
The county is positioned with New York City, plus Nassau and Suffolk counties (on Long Island, across Long Island Sound), to its south; Putnam County to its north; Fairfield County, Connecticut to its east; and Rockland County and Bergen County, New Jersey across the Hudson River to the west.

Montauk, New York

MontaukMontauk PointMontauk, Long Island
Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 mi eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, with a maximum north-to-south distance of 23 mi between Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast.
Montauk is a census-designated place (CDP) that includes the hamlet with the same name in the town of East Hampton in Suffolk County, New York, on the eastern end of the South Shore of Long Island.

New York Harbor

New YorkNew York HarbourNew York waterfront
Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 mi eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, with a maximum north-to-south distance of 23 mi between Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast. Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor approximately 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano anchored in what is now called The Narrows, the strait between Staten Island and Long Island that connects the Upper and Lower New York Bay, where he received a canoe party of Lenape.

Long Island Rail Road

LIRRLong IslandLong Island Railroad
The Long Island Rail Road is the busiest commuter railroad in North America and operates 24/7.
The Long Island Rail Road Company, trading as the Long Island Rail Road and often abbreviated as the LIRR, is a commuter rail system in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of New York, stretching from Manhattan to the eastern tip of Suffolk County on Long Island.

Brookhaven National Laboratory

BNLBrookhavenBrookhaven National Laboratories
Biotechnology companies and scientific research play a significant role in Long Island's economy, including research facilities at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook, the New York University Tandon School of Engineering, the City University of New York, and Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine.
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base.

List of islands of the United States by area

15th largest island in the United States36th largest island in the United States42nd largest island in the United States
Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 mi eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, with a maximum north-to-south distance of 23 mi between Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast.

Lenape

DelawareLenni LenapeDelaware Indians
Prior to European contact, the Lenape people (named the Delaware by Europeans) inhabited the western end of Long Island, and spoke the Munsee dialect of Lenape, one of the Algonquian language family.
Their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley.

Lower New York Bay

LowerLower Bay
To the extreme southwest, it is separated from Staten Island and the state of New Jersey by Upper New York Bay, the Narrows, and Lower New York Bay.
The southern end of the bay opens directly to the Atlantic Ocean between two spits of land, Sandy Hook, New Jersey, and Rockaway, Queens, on Long Island.

Coney Island

Coney Island, BrooklynConeyBrooklyn
In 1609, the English navigator Henry Hudson explored the harbor and purportedly landed at Coney Island.
Coney Island is a peninsular residential neighborhood, beach, and leisure/entertainment destination of Long Island on the Coney Island Channel, which is part of the Lower Bay in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City.

List of islands by population

most populous islandBy populationmost populated
With a Census-estimated population of 7,869,820 in 2017, constituting nearly 40% of New York State's population, Long Island is the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory, and the 18th-most populous island in the world (ahead of Ireland, Jamaica, and Hokkaidō).

East Hampton (town), New York

East HamptonEast Hampton, New YorkTown of East Hampton
Hempstead followed in 1644, East Hampton in 1648, Huntington in 1653, Brookhaven in 1655, and Smithtown in 1665.
The Town of East Hampton is located in southeastern Suffolk County, New York, at the eastern end of the South Shore of Long Island.

Mohegan-Pequot language

Mohegan-PequotSecatogueMohegan
The eastern portion of the island was inhabited by speakers of the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language group of Algonquian languages; they were part of the Pequot and Narragansett peoples inhabiting the area that now includes Connecticut and Rhode Island.
Mohegan-Pequot (also known as Mohegan-Pequot-Montauk, Secatogue, and Shinnecock-Poosepatuck; dialects in New England included Mohegan, Pequot, and Niantic; and on Long Island, Montauk and Shinnecock) is an extinct Algonquian language formerly spoken by indigenous peoples in southern present-day New England and eastern Long Island.

New York TRACON

New York Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON)
As a hub of commercial aviation, Long Island contains two of the New York City metropolitan area's three busiest airports, JFK International Airport and LaGuardia Airport, in addition to Islip MacArthur Airport; as well as two major air traffic control radar facilities, the New York TRACON and the New York ARTCC.
The New York Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON) is located in Westbury, New York, on Long Island.

Hempstead, New York

HempsteadTown of HempsteadHempstead, NY
Hempstead followed in 1644, East Hampton in 1648, Huntington in 1653, Brookhaven in 1655, and Smithtown in 1665.
The Town of Hempstead is one of the three towns in Nassau County, New York, United States, occupying the southwestern part of the county, in the western half of Long Island.

Plum Island Animal Disease Center

Animal Disease CenterBuilding 101Plum Island
Biotechnology companies and scientific research play a significant role in Long Island's economy, including research facilities at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook, the New York University Tandon School of Engineering, the City University of New York, and Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine.
The center is located on Plum Island near the northeast coast of Long Island in New York state.

Rhode Island

RIR.I.State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
The eastern portion of the island was inhabited by speakers of the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language group of Algonquian languages; they were part of the Pequot and Narragansett peoples inhabiting the area that now includes Connecticut and Rhode Island. Across the Block Island Sound to the northeast is the state of Rhode Island.
It shares a narrow maritime border with New York State between Block Island and Long Island.