Long Island

Long Island, New YorkLong Island, NYEastern Long IslandL. I.New YorkLongLong Island, N.Y.Nassau IslandLange EylandtLong Island area
Long Island (locally: )) is a densely populated island in Southeast New York in the Northeast part of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor approximately 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.wikipedia
7,206 Related Articles

New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
The island comprises four counties in the U.S. state of New York.
Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island.

Queens

Queens, New YorkQueens CountyQueens, NY
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
It is the largest borough geographically and is adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn at the southwestern end of Long Island.

Brooklyn

Brooklyn, New YorkBrooklyn, NYKings
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
Named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, it borders the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island.

New York metropolitan area

New York City metropolitan areaCombined Statistical AreaNew York
However, many people in the New York metropolitan area (even in Brooklyn and Queens) colloquially use the term Long Island (or the Island) to refer exclusively to Nassau and Suffolk Counties, and conversely, employ the term the City to mean Manhattan alone.
The metropolitan area includes New York City (the most populous city in the United States), Long Island, and the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in the state of New York; the five largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, and Edison, and their vicinities; and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and their vicinities.

Suffolk County, New York

Suffolk CountySuffolkSuffolk County Legislature
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
Suffolk County is a predominantly suburban county on Long Island and the easternmost county in the U.S. state of New York.

Long Island Sound

SoundLong Islandinterior lake
North of the island is Long Island Sound, across which lie Westchester County, New York, and the state of Connecticut.
Long Island Sound is a tidal estuary of the Atlantic Ocean, lying predominantly between the U.S. state of Connecticut to the north, and Long Island in New York to the south.

Nassau County, New York

Nassau CountyNassauNassau County, Long Island
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
Nassau County is situated in western Long Island, bordering New York City's borough of Queens to the west, and Suffolk County to the east.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Kings and Queens Counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two-thirds.
The erosive forward movement of the ice (and its subsequent retreat) contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island.

East River

EastList of fixed crossings of the East RiverEast River Bridges
To the west, Long Island is separated from the Bronx and the island of Manhattan by the East River.
It separates the borough of Queens on Long Island from the Bronx on the North American mainland, and also divides Manhattan from Queens and Brooklyn, which is also on Long Island.

Westchester County, New York

Westchester CountyWestchesterWestchester, New York
North of the island is Long Island Sound, across which lie Westchester County, New York, and the state of Connecticut.
The county is positioned with New York City, plus Nassau and Suffolk counties (on Long Island, across Long Island Sound), to its south; Putnam County to its north; Fairfield County, Connecticut to its east; and Rockland County and Bergen County, New Jersey across the Hudson River to the west.

Montauk, New York

MontaukMontauk PointMontauk Point, New York
Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 mi eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, with a maximum north-to-south distance of 23 mi between Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast.
Montauk is a census-designated place (CDP) that includes the hamlet with the same name in the town of East Hampton in Suffolk County, New York, on the eastern end of the South Shore of Long Island.

Long Island Rail Road

LIRRLong IslandLong Island Railroad
The Long Island Rail Road is the busiest commuter railroad in North America and operates 24/7.
The Long Island Rail Road, often abbreviated as the LIRR, is a commuter rail system in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of New York, stretching from Manhattan to the eastern tip of Suffolk County on Long Island.

New York Harbor

New York HarbourNew YorkNew York waterfront
Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 mi eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, with a maximum north-to-south distance of 23 mi between Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast. Long Island (locally: )) is a densely populated island in Southeast New York in the Northeast part of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor approximately 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano anchored in what is now called The Narrows, the strait between Staten Island and Long Island that connects the Upper and Lower New York Bay, where he received a canoe party of Lenape.

Brookhaven National Laboratory

BrookhavenBNLBrookhaven National Laboratories
Biotechnology companies and scientific research play a significant role in Long Island's economy, including research facilities at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook, the New York University Tandon School of Engineering, the City University of New York, and Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine.
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base.

List of islands of the United States by area

15th largest island in the United States36th largest island in the United States42nd largest island in the United States
Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 mi eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, with a maximum north-to-south distance of 23 mi between Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast.

Lower New York Bay

LowerLower BayNew York Bay
To the extreme southwest, it is separated from Staten Island and the state of New Jersey by Upper New York Bay, the Narrows, and Lower New York Bay.
The southern end of the bay opens directly to the Atlantic Ocean between two spits of land, Sandy Hook, New Jersey, and Rockaway, Queens, on Long Island.

Lenape

DelawareLenni LenapeDelaware Indians
Prior to European contact, the Lenape people (named the Delaware by Europeans) inhabited the western end of Long Island, and spoke the Munsee dialect of Lenape, one of the Algonquian language family.
Their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley.

Metoac

MatinecockMatinecocksCanarsee Indians
By the year 1643, there were 13 Indigenous Tribes living in Long Island: Canarsie, Rockaway, Matinecock, Merrick, Massapequa, Nissequoge, Secatoag, Seatauket, Patchoag, Corchaug, Shinnecock, Manhasset and Montauk.
Metoac is a name used by some to describe the Munsee-speaking Lenape and Pequot Native Americans on Long Island in New York state.

List of islands by population

most populous island2nd most populous islandBy population
With a Census-estimated population of 7,869,820 in 2017, constituting nearly 40% of New York State's population, Long Island is the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory, and the 18th-most populous island in the world (ahead of Ireland, Jamaica, and Hokkaidō).

New York TRACON

New York Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON)
As a hub of commercial aviation, Long Island contains two of the New York City metropolitan area's three busiest airports, JFK International Airport and LaGuardia Airport, in addition to Islip MacArthur Airport; as well as two major air traffic control radar facilities, the New York TRACON and the New York ARTCC.
The New York Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON) is located in Westbury, New York, on Long Island.

Shinnecock Indian Nation

ShinnecockShinnecock IndiansShinnecock tribe
By the year 1643, there were 13 Indigenous Tribes living in Long Island: Canarsie, Rockaway, Matinecock, Merrick, Massapequa, Nissequoge, Secatoag, Seatauket, Patchoag, Corchaug, Shinnecock, Manhasset and Montauk.
The Shinnecock Indian Nation is a federally recognized tribe of historically Algonquian-speaking Native Americans based at the eastern end of Long Island, New York.

Coney Island

Coney Island, New YorkConey Island, BrooklynTransportation to Coney Island
In 1609, the English navigator Henry Hudson explored the harbor and purportedly landed at Coney Island.
Coney Island was formerly the westernmost of the Outer Barrier islands on the southern shore of Long Island, but in the early 20th century it became a peninsula, connected to the rest of Long Island by land fill.

Mohegan-Pequot language

Mohegan-PequotSecatogueMohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language
The island's eastern portion was inhabited by speakers of the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language group of Algonquian languages; they were part of the Pequot and Narragansett peoples inhabiting the area that now includes Connecticut and Rhode Island.
Mohegan-Pequot (also known as Mohegan-Pequot-Montauk, Secatogue, and Shinnecock-Poosepatuck; dialects in New England included Mohegan, Pequot, and Niantic; and on Long Island, Montauk and Shinnecock) is an Algonquian language formerly spoken by indigenous peoples in southern present-day New England and eastern Long Island.

Plum Island Animal Disease Center

Animal Disease CenterBuilding 101Plum Island
Biotechnology companies and scientific research play a significant role in Long Island's economy, including research facilities at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook, the New York University Tandon School of Engineering, the City University of New York, and Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine.
The center is located on Plum Island near the northeast coast of Long Island in New York state.

East Hampton (town), New York

East HamptonEast Hampton, New YorkTown of East Hampton
Hempstead followed in 1644, East Hampton in 1648, Huntington in 1653, Brookhaven in 1655, and Smithtown in 1665.
The Town of East Hampton is located in southeastern Suffolk County, New York, at the eastern end of the South Shore of Long Island.