Looting of Battleford

BattleforddamagedSiege of BattlefordSiege of Fort Battleford
The Looting of Battleford began at the end of March, 1885, during the North-West Rebellion, in the town of Battleford, Saskatchewan, then a part of the Northwest Territories.wikipedia
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North-West Rebellion

Northwest RebellionRiel RebellionNorth West Rebellion
The Looting of Battleford began at the end of March, 1885, during the North-West Rebellion, in the town of Battleford, Saskatchewan, then a part of the Northwest Territories.
In both the Frog Lake Massacre and the Siege of Fort Battleford, small dissident groups of Cree men revolted against the authority of Big Bear and Poundmaker.

Frog Lake Massacre

Frog LakeattackFrog Lake, Saskatchewan
Big Bear and his band had settled near Frog Lake about 55 km (34 miles) northwest of Fort Pitt but had not yet selected a reserve site.
Learning of the Métis victory at the Battle of Duck Lake a week earlier and of Poundmaker's advance on Battleford, Wandering Spirit, the war chief of Big Bear's band, began a campaign to gather arms, ammunition and food supplies from the surrounding countryside.

Métis in Canada

MétisMetisMétis people
Within days of the Métis victory at the Battle of Duck Lake on March 26, 1885.

Provisional Government of Saskatchewan

provisional governmentMétis militiaMétis provisional government
The Southbranch settlements was the centre of Louis Riel's Provisional Government during the Rebellion.

Battleford Industrial School

All the public buildings were sacked, including the Battleford Industrial School (located in the Old Government House).
The interior of the school was damaged during the North West Rebellion of 1885.

Charles Rouleau

Charles Borromée RouleauJudge Charles Rouleau
Most homes were burned, including the imposing home of Judge Charles Rouleau.
In 1885 during the North-West Rebellion his home in Battleford was looted and burned.

Fort Battleford

Fort Battleford National Historic Site
On March 28 as news that several Indian bands including Poundmaker's were on their way to Battleford settlers began moving into the nearby North-West Mounted Police post, Fort Battleford which was under the command of Colonel Morris and 25 police.
The fort was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1923, known as Fort Battleford National Historic Site, to commemorate its role as military base of operations for Cut Knife Hill, Fort Pitt, as a refuge for 500 area settlers and its role in the Siege of Battleford.

Battleford

Battleford, Saskatchewan BattlefordBattleford, North-West Territory
The Looting of Battleford began at the end of March, 1885, during the North-West Rebellion, in the town of Battleford, Saskatchewan, then a part of the Northwest Territories.

Battle of Duck Lake

Duck Lakeresulting fight
Within days of the Métis victory at the Battle of Duck Lake on March 26, 1885.

1885 in Canada

1885
Within days of the Métis victory at the Battle of Duck Lake on March 26, 1885.

Cree

Cree peopleNehiyawCree Nation
Cree bands sympathetic to the Métis cause and with grievances of their own began raiding stores and farms in the western part of the District of Saskatchewan for arms, ammunition and food supplies while civilians fled to the larger settlements and forts of the North-West Territories.

District of Saskatchewan

SaskatchewanSaskatchewan DistrictProvisional District of Saskatchewan
Cree bands sympathetic to the Métis cause and with grievances of their own began raiding stores and farms in the western part of the District of Saskatchewan for arms, ammunition and food supplies while civilians fled to the larger settlements and forts of the North-West Territories.

Districts of the Northwest Territories

Northwest TerritoriesNorth-West Territoriesdistrict
Cree bands sympathetic to the Métis cause and with grievances of their own began raiding stores and farms in the western part of the District of Saskatchewan for arms, ammunition and food supplies while civilians fled to the larger settlements and forts of the North-West Territories.

Big Bear

Bear ValleyBig Bear (Mistahimaskwa)
Prominent leaders of this uprising were Chief Poundmaker and Chief Big Bear.

Indian reserve

reserveIndian reservesreserves
Poundmaker and his band had a reserve near present-day Cut Knife about 50 km (31 miles) west of Fort Battleford.

Battle of Cut Knife

Cut KnifeBattle of Cut Knife Hillbattle of Cut Knife Creek
Poundmaker and his band had a reserve near present-day Cut Knife about 50 km (31 miles) west of Fort Battleford.

Battle of Fort Pitt

Fort Pittcapture Fort Pittcaptured Fort Pitt
Big Bear and his band had settled near Frog Lake about 55 km (34 miles) northwest of Fort Pitt but had not yet selected a reserve site.

Treaty 6

6Treaty SixConfederacy of Treaty Six First Nations
Both bands were signatories of Treaty 6 and were unhappy in the way it was implemented by the Canadian government.

American bison

buffalobisonBison bison
The loss of the buffalo and the inadequate rations provided by the Indian agents kept the bands in a continual state of near-starvation.

Indian agent (Canada)

Indian AgentIndian agentsagent
The loss of the buffalo and the inadequate rations provided by the Indian agents kept the bands in a continual state of near-starvation.

Southbranch Settlement

Southbranch settlementsSouth BranchSt-Laurent-Grandin Métis settlements
The Prince Albert sub-district located in the centre of the district had a population of 5,373 which included the Southbranch settlements with about 1,300.

Louis Riel

RielexecutionRiel Rebellions
The Southbranch settlements was the centre of Louis Riel's Provisional Government during the Rebellion.

Prince Albert, Saskatchewan

Prince AlbertPrince Albert, SKIsbister's Settlement
The largest settlement and the capital of the district was Prince Albert with about 800 people followed by Battleford with about 500 people "divided about equally between French, Métis and English".

Battle River

Battle
Battleford is located on the Battle River near the North Saskatchewan River.

North Saskatchewan River

North SaskatchewanNorthNorth Saskatchewan River valley
Battleford is located on the Battle River near the North Saskatchewan River.