Lorenzo Ghiberti

Lorenzo Ghiberti on Gates of Paradise modern copy Florence Baptistery
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Angled view of a panel with the story of Abraham from the Florence Gates of Paradise (see above)
In Flagellation, one of the panels on the North Doors
The story of Joseph, a panel from the second set of doors to the Baptistery
The Sacrifice of Isaac, Brunelleschi's competition project for a door panel of the Baptistry of Florence (1401)
The Sacrifice of Isaac,Ghiberti's winning piece for the 1401 competition
Gates of Paradise, Baptistery, Florence, the doors in situ are reproductions
Tomb of Ghiberti in the Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence

Italian Renaissance sculptor from Florence, a key figure in the Early Renaissance, best known as the creator of two sets of bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, the later one called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise.

- Lorenzo Ghiberti
Lorenzo Ghiberti on Gates of Paradise modern copy Florence Baptistery

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Painting of the Piazza della Signoria and Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence, 1830, Carlo Canella. From left, Fountain of Neptune, Rape of the Sabine by Giambologna, David by Michelangelo, one of the Medici Lions, Perseus with the Head of Medusa by Benvenuto Cellini, hiding Hercules and Cacus by Baccio Bandinelli. Away from the loggia wall, the Medici Pasquino Group, copying an ancient Roman subject.

Italian Renaissance sculpture

Important part of the art of the Italian Renaissance, in the early stages arguably representing the leading edge.

Important part of the art of the Italian Renaissance, in the early stages arguably representing the leading edge.

Painting of the Piazza della Signoria and Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence, 1830, Carlo Canella. From left, Fountain of Neptune, Rape of the Sabine by Giambologna, David by Michelangelo, one of the Medici Lions, Perseus with the Head of Medusa by Benvenuto Cellini, hiding Hercules and Cacus by Baccio Bandinelli. Away from the loggia wall, the Medici Pasquino Group, copying an ancient Roman subject.
Francesco Laurana, A Princess of the House of Aragon, c. 1475
Michelangelo's Pietà, completed in 1499.
Luca della Robbia, Resurrection, glazed terracotta, 1445.
Nymph of Fontainebleau, Benvenuto Cellini, bronze, c. 1543, Louvre (H. 2.05 m; L. 4.09 m)
Relief bust of a boy in pietra serena, unknown, c. 1500
Cellini Salt Cellar, gold and enamels, by Benvenuto Cellini
Choir stalls at the Frari, Venice
Lamentation group in terracotta, Niccolo dell'Arca, Santa Maria della Vita, Bologna, c. 1460 or later.
Donatello, "Piot Madonna", terracotta, with medallions of coloured wax under glass and traces of gilding, c. 1440.
Table set with sugar sculptures for a German princely wedding in 1587.
Tomb of Doge Tommaso Mocenigo, d. 1423, Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice, by Piero di Niccolò Lamberti (1393–1435) and Giovanni di Martino da Fiesole.
Orsanmichele, Florence; replicas are now in the niches outside, with the originals inside
The Fonte Gaia in Siena, Jacopo della Quercia (1419, reliefs now replaced by replicas)
Presumed self-portrait of Leon Battista Alberti, c. 1435
Equestrian statue of Gattamelata in Padua by Donatello (1453)
The earliest dated Renaissance portrait bust, 1453, by Mino da Fiesole of Piero de' Medici
Medal of John VIII Palaeologus, c. 1438, Pisanello
Horse by Giambologna (workshop), probably around 1590. 10 inches (25 cm) high.
Cameo of Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal and Regent of Spain, 1566, Jacopo da Trezzo, a Milanese who died in Madrid.
Andrea Pisano (perhaps to a design by Giotto), sculptor at work. Florence campanile, 1348–50.
Relief of Joseph and Potiphar's wife, from Bologna Cathedral, traditionally given to Properzia de' Rossi
Relief from the "Triumphal arch" of the Castel Nuovo, Naples, showing the entry of the new king Alfonso V of Aragon, late 1450s.
Nicola Pisano, Nativity scene from the pulpit of the baptistery at Pisa, 1260
Main relief of the Assumption, Porta di Mandorla, Florence Cathedral, Nanni di Banco
The north doors of the Florence Baptistery, Lorenzo Ghiberti and workshop, 1401 to after 1415
The Ascension with Christ giving the Keys to St. Peter, 1428–1430, in typical very low relief.
David by Andrea del Verrocchio, 1470s
Relief for the tomb of Gaston de Foix by Agostino Busti
Victory, intended for the Tomb of Pope Julius II
Benvenuto Cellini, Perseus with the Head of Medusa, 1545–1554
Apennine Colossus, 1580s, Villa di Pratolino
Reproductive engraving by Jacob Matham, of Moses, by Michelangelo, 1593
Stucco overdoor at Fontainebleau, probably designed by Primaticcio, who painted the oval inset
Fresco of Niccolò da Tolentino, Andrea del Castagno 1456
Equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, started by Andrea del Verrocchio in the 1480s, Venice
Leonardo da Vinci, Study for the Sforza Horse (first design)
Giambologna, Cosimo I de' Medici, 1598, Piazza della Signoria, Florence
Pisanello, Ludovico Gonzaga, 1447, reverse
Lisisppo il giovane, self-portrait medal, 1475–80
Medal of the Pazzi conspiracy, with Lorenzo, 1478, Bertoldo di Giovanni
Gold medal of Queen Mary I of England, 1554, Jacopo da Trezzo
Hercules and the Nemean Lion, {{ill|Galeazzo Mondella|it|Galeazzo Mondella}} (Moderno), c. 1500, gilt bronze plaquette
Paris with his apple, statuette by Antico, c. 1500–05, 14 5/8 inches (37 cm) high
Andrea Riccio, oil-lamp with putti, Padua, 1515–25
Andiron fronts with Venus and (?) Mars. Design by Girolamo Campagna, possibly made in 17th century. 44 1/2 inches (113 cm) high
The Sacrifice of Isaac, Brunelleschi's trial piece for the north doors of the Florence Baptistery competition, 1401
The Sacrifice of Isaac, Ghiberti's winning piece for the 1401 competition
Gates of Paradise, Baptistery, Florence, the doors in situ are reproductions
Adam and Eve, from the Gates of Paradise
Angled view of a panel with the story of Abraham from the Gates of Paradise
St George, marble, for Orsanmichele, 1415–17
The bronze David (1440s?), Bargello Florence, h.158 cm
Madonna and Child with Four Cherubs, terracotta, originally with colour
Penitent Magdalene, wood, c. 1455
Luca della Robbia's cantoria, now Florence Cathedral Museum
Detail of Luca della Robbia's cantoria
Detail of the Donatello cantoria
Desiderio da Settignano, Jesus and John the Baptist, 1455–57
Philosophy, from the Tempio Malatestiano, Rimini
Hercules and Cacus, Baccio Bandinelli, Piazza della Signoria, Florence
Restoration of Pisa by Cosimo I de' Medici, by Pierino da Vinci
Vincenzo Danti, Beheading of John the Baptist, 1570s
Alessandro Vittoria, Bust of a Venetian patrician, 1570-1600
Fountain of Neptune, Bologna, 1553–56
Florence triumphing over Pisa, modello in gesso (plaster), for a Medici wedding in 1565
Large bronze version of Mercury (Bargello)
Rape of the Sabine, 1579–85

Major Florentine sculptors in stone included (in rough chronological order, with dates of death) Orcagna (1368), Nanni di Banco (1421), Filippo Brunelleschi (1446), Nanni di Bartolo (1435), Lorenzo Ghiberti (1455), Donatello (1466), Bernardo (1464) and his brother Antonio Rossellino (1479), Andrea del Verrocchio (1488), Antonio del Pollaiuolo (1498), Michelangelo (1564), and Jacopo Sansovino (1570).

Filippo Brunelleschi in an anonymous portrait of the 2nd half of the 15th century (Louvre, Paris)

Filippo Brunelleschi

Italian architect, designer, and sculptor, and is now recognized to be the first modern engineer, planner, and sole construction supervisor.

Italian architect, designer, and sculptor, and is now recognized to be the first modern engineer, planner, and sole construction supervisor.

Filippo Brunelleschi in an anonymous portrait of the 2nd half of the 15th century (Louvre, Paris)
The Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence possesses the largest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of European architecture.
Brunelleschi's original design of the Foundling Hospital. Digital reconstruction by Adriano Marinazzo.
Brunelleschi designed the Rocca di Vicopisano
Brunelleschi's tomb
St. John the Evangelist, Altar of Saint at Church of San Zeno, Pistoia (1399–1400)
Prophet Jeremiah detail of altarpiece, Church of San Zeno, Pistoia (1399–1400)
The Prophet Isaiah, Church of San Zeno, Pistoia detail of altarpiece (1399–1400)
The Sacrifice of Isaac, Brunelleschi's competition project for a door panel of the Baptistry of Florence (1401)
Cloister of Men of the Foundling Hospital (1419–1445)
Arcade of the Foundling Hospital (1419–1445)
Corinthian column in the cloister
Nave of the Basilica of San Lorenzo (1425–1442)
View of the Old Sacristy
Vault of the Old Sacristy (Sagrestia vecchia), with the tomb of Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici
Doorway inside the Old Sacristy with a classical pediment and columns, framed by pilasters
Sky of Florence decoration by Giuliano d'Arrigo on the small dome in the Old Sacristy (1442)
Central nave of Santo Spirito
The dome of Santo Spirito
Brunelleschi's plan of Santo Spirito
Detail of the classical pilasters of the Sacristy
Facade of the Pazzi Chapel
Plan of the Pazzi Chapel
Dome of the Pazzi Chapel
Interior of the Pazzi Chapel with sculptural plaques by Luca Della Robbia
1450 Codex Rustici drawing showing Brunelleschi's proposed octagonal church (lower right)
Plan of the rotunda of Santa Maria degli Angeli
Brunelleschi's rotunda from Santa Maria degli Angeli. Only the lower wall remains of his original design.
Michelangelo's plan for Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome (1546), superimposed on the earlier plan by Bramante
Plan of the dome, showing the inner and outer domes
Interior structure of the dome
Dome seen from the bell tower
Stairway between the inner and outer domes
The lantern of the dome
The dome viewed from below
Exedra below the main dome
The Holy Trinity by Masaccio (1425–1427) used Brunelleschi's system of perspective
Diagram of Brunelleschi's experiment in perspective
The Delivery of the Keys fresco, 1481–1482, Sistine Chapel, by Perugino (1481–1482), features both linear perspective and Brunelleschi's architectural style

A competition was held in 1401 for the design, which drew seven competitors, including Brunelleschi and another young sculptor, Lorenzo Ghiberti.

Florence Baptistery (Battistero di San Giovanni)

Florence Baptistery

Religious building in Florence, Italy, and has the status of a minor basilica.

Religious building in Florence, Italy, and has the status of a minor basilica.

Florence Baptistery (Battistero di San Giovanni)
Mosaic-covered interior of the octagonal dome
Illustration from Villani's Nuova Cronica, showing Totila razing the walls of Florence in the 6th century, leaving the Baptistery intact
Octagonal plan with a scarsella on the west
View of the exterior with the south doors visible on the left
South doors (detail) by Andrea Pisano
South doors (detail) by Andrea Pisano
North doors by Lorenzo Ghiberti
East doors, or Gates of Paradise, by Lorenzo Ghiberti
Mosaic ceiling
Plan of the mosaic ceiling : 1. Last Judgement. 2. Lantern. 3. Choirs of Angels. 4. Stories from the Book of Genesis. 5. Stories of Joseph. 6. Stories of Mary and Christ. 7. Stories of St. John the Baptist.
Composite image of all eight sides of the ceiling counter-clockwise from Christ.
Gates of Paradise, Self-portrait bust of artist
Gates of Paradise, The Story of Joseph
Gates of Paradise, The Story of Abraham
Gates of Paradise, The Story of Adam and Eve

The south doors were created by Andrea Pisano and the north and east doors by Lorenzo Ghiberti.

David at the Bargello, in Florence

Donatello

Florentine sculptor of the Renaissance period.

Florentine sculptor of the Renaissance period.

David at the Bargello, in Florence
Statue of St. John the Baptist in the Duomo di Siena
In 1409–1411 he executed the colossal seated figure of Saint John the Evangelist.
Donatello's David head and shoulders front right
St. George, Orsanmichele, Florence
marble pulpit
Equestrian Monument of Gattamelata (1445–1450), Padua
Bust of Niccolo da Uzzano, painted terracotta, 1430s, Bargello.
Penitent Magdalene, wood, c. 1455, Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence.
Saint John the Evangelist (1408-1415), which until 1588 occupied a niche of the old Florence Cathedral façade, now at the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo.
Madonna and Child, painted terracotta, Louvre

He apparently received his early artistic training in a goldsmith's workshop, and then worked briefly in the studio of Lorenzo Ghiberti.

Portrait by Daniele da Volterra, c. undefined 1545

Michelangelo

Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance.

Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance.

Portrait by Daniele da Volterra, c. undefined 1545
The Madonna of the Steps (1490–1492)
Pietà, St Peter's Basilica (1498–99)
The Statue of David, completed by Michelangelo in 1504, is one of the most renowned works of the Renaissance.
Tomb of Julius II, 1505–1545
Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; the work took approximately four years to complete (1508–1512)
The Last Judgment (1534–1541)
The dome of St Peter's Basilica
Ignudo fresco from 1509 on the Sistine Chapel ceiling
Michelangelo, drawn from sight by Francisco de Holanda in the late 1530s.
The Punishment of Tityus, gift to Tommaso dei Cavalieri, c. 1532
The Sistine Chapel Ceiling (1508–1512)
Tomb of Michelangelo (1578) by Giorgio Vasari in the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence.
The Taddei Tondo (1502)
Madonna and Child. Bruges, Belgium (1504)
The Doni Tondo (1504–1506)
Angel by Michelangelo, early work (1494–95)
Bacchus by Michelangelo, early work (1496–1497)
Dying Slave, Louvre (1513)
Atlas Slave (1530–1534)
The Drunkenness of Noah
The Deluge (detail)
The Creation of Adam (1510)
The First Day of Creation
Studies for The Libyan Sibyl
 The Libyan Sibyl (1511)
The Prophet Jeremiah (1511)
Ignudo
Battle of the Centaurs (1492)
Copy of the lost Battle of Cascina by Bastiano da Sangallo
The Last Judgment, detail of the Redeemed. (see whole image above)
The Crucifixion of St. Peter
The vestibule of the Laurentian Library has Mannerist features which challenge the Classical order of Brunelleschi's adjacent church.
Michelangelo's redesign of the ancient Capitoline Hill included a complex spiralling pavement with a star at its centre.
Michelangelo's design for St Peter's is both massive and contained, with the corners between the apsidal arms of the Greek Cross filled by square projections.
The exterior is surrounded by a giant order of pilasters supporting a continuous cornice. Four small cupolas cluster around the dome.
Design for a window in the Palazzo Farnese.
Second design for wall tomb of Pope Julius II
Self-portrait of the artist as Nicodemus
Statue of Victory (1534), Palazzo Vecchio, Florence
The Pietà of Vittoria Colonna (c. 1540)
The Rondanini Pietà (1552–1564)
The Doni Tondo (1504–1506)

The sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti had laboured for fifty years to create the bronze doors of the Baptistry, which Michelangelo was to describe as "The Gates of Paradise".

Antonio del Pollaiuolo

Antonio del Pollaiuolo

Italian painter, sculptor, engraver, and goldsmith during the Italian Renaissance.

Italian painter, sculptor, engraver, and goldsmith during the Italian Renaissance.

Antonio del Pollaiuolo
Antonio or Piero del Pollaiuolo, Tobias and the Angel (c. 1465–1470), Galleria Sabauda, Turin
Battle of the Nudes (1470s?) – Engraving, 42,8 × 61,8 cm.
Hercules and Antaeus
Hercules and the Hydra
Assunzione di Santa Maria Maddalena
Apollo and Daphne
Hercules and Antaeus
Bust of a Warrior
Hercules
Tomb of Pope Innocent VIII, Pollaiuolo's second papal tomb
Hercules
Portrait Bust of a Young Woman

Other sources relate that he worked in the Florence workshop of Bartoluccio di Michele, where Lorenzo Ghiberti also received his training.

Portrait of Paolo Uccello (unknown artist), Louvre Museum, Paris

Paolo Uccello

Florentine painter and mathematician who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art.

Florentine painter and mathematician who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art.

Portrait of Paolo Uccello (unknown artist), Louvre Museum, Paris
Funerary Monument to Sir John Hawkwood
Saint George and the Dragon (c. 1470), showing Uccello's Gothic influences
The Battle of San Romano, c. 1450s, one of three panels. Egg tempera with walnut oil and linseed oil on poplar. 181.6 x 320 cm. Uffizi.
A scene in Paolo Uccello's Corpus Domini predella (c. 1465–1468), set in a Jewish pawnbroker's home. Blood in the background emanates from the Host, which the moneylender has attempted to cook, and seeps under the door. This story first entered the Italian literary tradition via Giovanni Villani (c. 1280–1348) and his Nuova Cronica.
Clock in the Duomo, Florence
Marble mosaic showing a small stellated dodecahedron and a ring of hexagonal prisms, on the floor of St Mark's Basilica, Venice

From 1412 until 1416 he was apprenticed to the famous sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti.

Fra Angelico's "Deposition"

Michelozzo

Italian architect and sculptor.

Italian architect and sculptor.

Fra Angelico's "Deposition"
The facade of Palazzo Medici in Florence.
The courtyard of Palazzo Medici Riccardi.
San Marco in Florence
Cloister of San Marco in Florence

He was a pupil of Lorenzo Ghiberti in his early years, and later collaborated with Donatello.

The Baqdadi goldsmith by Kamal-ol-molk

Goldsmith

Metalworker who specializes in working with gold and other precious metals.

Metalworker who specializes in working with gold and other precious metals.

The Baqdadi goldsmith by Kamal-ol-molk
Gold used as raw material for making jewelry or as means of payment. From the Migration Period, Sweden around 400–549 AD.
A goldsmith workshop during the mid-seventeenth century
A Brahmin goldsmith from Goa, 16th century India
Gold and silver smith in Lucknow, India 1890
Modern goldsmith at work
17th century goldsmith.
Renaissance goldsmith shop
Goldsmith's workshop in Museum of Arts and Popular Customs of Seville
A Karo people (Indonesia) goldsmith in Sumatra (circa 1918)
Goldsmith shop in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia during the early-20th century. The man in the middle may be a "Klingalees" (orang Keling), someone from South India

Lorenzo Ghiberti

Masolino da Panicale

Italian painter.

Italian painter.

Madonna and Child, Saint Anne and the Angels
The Annunciation, National Gallery of Art
Madonna dell'Umiltà c. 1423, Tempera on wood, Uffizi Florence

He may have been an assistant to Ghiberti in Florence between 1403 and 1407.