Louis Botha

BothaGeneral BothaGeneral Louis BothaGen. BothaL. BothaPremier Botha
Louis Botha (27 September 1862 – 27 August 1919) was a South African politician who was the first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa—the forerunner of the modern South African state.wikipedia
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Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
A Boer war hero during the Second Boer War, he would eventually fight to have South Africa become a British Dominion. In 1899, Louis Botha fought in the Second Boer War, initially joining the Krugersdorp Commando, continuing to fight under Lucas Meyer in Northern Natal, and later as a general commanding and leading Boer forces impressively at Colenso and Spion Kop.
They reverted to guerrilla warfare under new generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey.

Prime Minister of South Africa

Prime MinisterSouth African Prime MinisterSouth Africa
Louis Botha (27 September 1862 – 27 August 1919) was a South African politician who was the first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa—the forerunner of the modern South African state.
The first Prime Minister was Louis Botha, a former Boer general and war hero during the Second Boer War.

Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
Louis Botha (27 September 1862 – 27 August 1919) was a South African politician who was the first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa—the forerunner of the modern South African state.
Louis Botha, formerly a Boer general, was appointed first Prime Minister of the Union, heading a coalition representing the white Afrikaner and English-speaking British diaspora communities.

Dinuzulu's Volunteers

Louis Botha led "Dinuzulu's Volunteers", a group of Boers that had supported Dinuzulu against Zibhebhu in 1884.
Dinuzulu's Volunteers (1884) were a militant group of farmers that fought for Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo, the king of the Zulu nation, led by Louis Botha.

Cullinan Diamond

CullinanCullinan ICullinan II
In 1905, as prime minister, he called for the newly discovered Cullinan Diamond to be presented to King Edward VII.
Transvaal Prime Minister, Louis Botha, suggested buying the diamond for Edward VII as "a token of the loyalty and attachment of the people of the Transvaal to His Majesty's throne and person".

Battle of Spion Kop

Spion KopSpioenkopa local regiment had suffered heavy losses
In 1899, Louis Botha fought in the Second Boer War, initially joining the Krugersdorp Commando, continuing to fight under Lucas Meyer in Northern Natal, and later as a general commanding and leading Boer forces impressively at Colenso and Spion Kop.
The Boers under General Louis Botha held the Tugela River against him.

Battle of Colenso

Colensoactions at Colensoassaulted in December
In 1899, Louis Botha fought in the Second Boer War, initially joining the Krugersdorp Commando, continuing to fight under Lucas Meyer in Northern Natal, and later as a general commanding and leading Boer forces impressively at Colenso and Spion Kop.
As a result, Louis Botha then assumed command of the Boers on this front.

Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo

DinizuluDinuzuluKing Dinizulu
Louis Botha led "Dinuzulu's Volunteers", a group of Boers that had supported Dinuzulu against Zibhebhu in 1884.
Led by General Louis Botha, they formed Dinuzulu's Volunteers and after several clashes with Zibhebhu, defeated him at the Battle of Ghost Mountain (also known as the Battle of Tshaneni) on 5 June 1884.

Italian Volunteer Legion

Another version claims that the unit to capture Churchill was the Italian Volunteer Legion and its commander, Camillo Ricchiardi.
The Italian Volunteer Legion also known as the Italian Scouts were an expatriate military unit which took part in the Anglo-Boer War, raised and led by soldier and adventurer Camillo Ricchiardi on behalf of General Louis Botha.

Armoured train

armored trainarmored trainsarmoured trains
Winston Churchill revealed that General Botha was the man who captured him at the ambush of a British armoured train on 15 November 1899.
During the Second Boer War, Winston Churchill, then a war-correspondent, was travelling aboard an armoured train on 15 November 1899, when a Boer commando led by General Louis Botha ambushed the train.

Vryheid

Lucas MeyerVryheid EastVryheid, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Botha later became a member of the parliament of Transvaal in 1897, representing the district of Vryheid.
Louis Botha (27 September 1862 – 27 August 1919), Boer War general and first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa representing the district of Vryheid whilst in parliament.

South African Party

SAPSouth African
In 1911, together with another Boer war hero, Jan Smuts, he formed the South African Party, or SAP.
The outline and foundation for the party was realized after the election of a 'South African party' in the 1910 South African general election under the leadership of Louis Botha.

Treaty of Vereeniging

VereenigingTreaty of the Peace of Vereenigingconclusion of peace
Botha was a representative of his countrymen in the peace negotiations of 1902, and was signatory to the Treaty of Vereeniging.
Present were Marthinus Steyn, Free State president and Schalk Burger acting Transvaal president with the Boer generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey and they would discuss the progress of the war and whether negotiations should be opened with the British.

Greytown, KwaZulu-Natal

GreytownGreytown, NatalGreytown, Natal Province
Louis Botha was born in Greytown, Natal, South Africa one of 13 children born to Louis Botha Senior (26 March 1827 – 5 July 1883) and Salomina Adriana van Rooyen (31 March 1829 – 9 January 1886).
Louis Botha, the Second Boer War General and first Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa, was born on a farm 5 km south of Greytown.

National Party (South Africa)

National PartyNPNationalist
Widely viewed as too conciliatory with Britain, Botha faced revolts from within his own party and opposition from James Barry Munnik Hertzog's National Party.
Its founding was rooted in disagreements among South African Party politicians, particularly Prime Minister Louis Botha and his first Minister of Justice, J. B. M. Hertzog.

Boer

Boerstrekboerswhite farmers
A Boer war hero during the Second Boer War, he would eventually fight to have South Africa become a British Dominion. On the death of P. J. Joubert, he was made commander-in-chief of the Transvaal Boers, where he demonstrated his abilities again at Belfast-Dalmanutha.
The rebellion was put down by Louis Botha and Jan Smuts, and the ringleaders received heavy fines and terms of imprisonment.

J. B. M. Hertzog

J.B.M. HertzogHertzogJames Barry Munnik Hertzog
Widely viewed as too conciliatory with Britain, Botha faced revolts from within his own party and opposition from James Barry Munnik Hertzog's National Party.
His antagonism to imperialism and Premier Botha led to a ministerial crisis.

Camillo Ricchiardi

Another version claims that the unit to capture Churchill was the Italian Volunteer Legion and its commander, Camillo Ricchiardi.
In 1899 he moved to South Africa and became a trusted friend of Boer General Louis Botha.

Koos de la Rey

De la ReyGeneral De la ReyGeneral Koos de la Rey
After the fall of Pretoria in June 1900, Louis Botha led a concentrated guerrilla campaign against the British together with Koos de la Rey and Christiaan de Wet.
De la Rey, Louis Botha and other commanders met near Kroonstad and laid down a new strategy of guerrilla war.

Maritz rebellion

1914 RebellionBoer rebellionBoer Rebels
After the First World War started, he sent troops to take German South-West Africa, a move unpopular among Boers, which provoked the Boer Revolt.
Prime Minister Louis Botha informed London that South Africa could defend itself and that the imperial garrison could depart for France; when the British government asked Botha whether his forces would invade German South-West Africa, the reply was that they could and would.

Zibhebhu kaMaphitha

ZibhebhuUZibhebhuuZibhebhu kaMaphitha
Louis Botha led "Dinuzulu's Volunteers", a group of Boers that had supported Dinuzulu against Zibhebhu in 1884.
Dinuzulu was left to fight for the succession, and with the help of General Louis Botha and Dinuzulu's Volunteers defeated Zibhebhu and his army at the Battle of Ghost Mountain (also known as the Battle of Tshaneni).

William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne

Lord SelborneThe Earl of SelborneViscount Wolmer
After the grant of self-government to the Transvaal in 1907, General Botha was called upon by Lord Selborne to form a government, and in the spring of the same year he took part in the conference of colonial premiers held in London.
The force of its appeal had a marked influence on the course of events, while the loyalty with which Lord Selborne co-operated with the Botha administration was an additional factor in reconciling the Dutch and British communities.

Battle of Bergendal

BergendalBelfastbattle of Belfast
On the death of P. J. Joubert, he was made commander-in-chief of the Transvaal Boers, where he demonstrated his abilities again at Belfast-Dalmanutha.

Christiaan de Wet

De WetGeneral Christiaan de WetGeneral de Wet
After the fall of Pretoria in June 1900, Louis Botha led a concentrated guerrilla campaign against the British together with Koos de la Rey and Christiaan de Wet.
He was defeated at Mushroom Valley by General Botha on 12 November 1914, taken prisoner by cmdt Jorrie Jordaan ( the commanding officer was Colonel Brits) on 1 December on a farm called Waterbury in the Northwest province near Tosca.

Transvaal Colony

TransvaalWestern TransvaalColony of Transvaal
In 1903, three seats in the Transvaal Legislative council were offered to Louis Botha, Jan Smuts and Koos de la Rey, but they turned the British down.