Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946
Jordan in New York City, 1946
The habanera rhythm shown as tresillo (lower notes) with the backbeat (upper note)
Louis Jordan's Tympany Five
Fats Domino in 1956
Jordan in New York, July 1946, shortly after getting second billing to Glen Gray at the Paramount
Piano excerpt from the rumba boogie "Mardi Gras in New Orleans" (1949) by Professor Longhair. 2–3 claves are written above for rhythmic reference.
3–2 clave written in two measures in cut-time
Tresillo answered by the backbeat, the essence of clave in African American music
Bo Diddley's "Bo Diddley beat" is a clave-based motif.
Ray Charles in 1971
Ruth Brown was known as the "Queen of R&B"
Della Reese
Sam Cooke
Eric Burdon & the Animals (1964)

With his dynamic Tympany Five bands, Jordan mapped out the main parameters of the classic R&B, urban blues and early rock-and-roll genres with a series of highly influential 78-rpm discs released by Decca Records.

- Louis Jordan

In that year, Louis Jordan dominated the top five listings of the R&B charts with three songs, and two of the top five songs were based on the boogie-woogie rhythms that had come to prominence during the 1940s.

- Rhythm and blues
Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946

9 related topics

Alpha

American blues singer Ma Rainey (1886–1939), the "Mother of the Blues"

Blues

Music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs and spirituals.

Music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs and spirituals.

American blues singer Ma Rainey (1886–1939), the "Mother of the Blues"
A minor pentatonic scale;
Musicologist John Lomax (left) shaking hands with musician "Uncle" Rich Brown in Sumterville, Alabama
Sheet music from "Saint Louis Blues" (1914)
Bessie Smith, an early blues singer, known for her powerful voice
A typical boogie-woogie bass line
John Lee Hooker
Blues legend B.B. King with his guitar, "Lucille"
Texas blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan, 1983
Italian singer Zucchero is credited as the "Father of Italian Blues", and is among the few European blues artists who still enjoy international success.
Eric Clapton performing at Hyde Park, London, in June 2008
Duke Ellington straddled the big band and bebop genres. Ellington extensively used the blues form.
The music of Taj Mahal for the 1972 movie Sounder marked a revival of interest in acoustic blues.

The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common.

Jump blues tunes by Louis Jordan and Big Joe Turner, based in Kansas City, Missouri, influenced the development of later styles such as rock and roll and rhythm and blues.

Jordan in New York, July 1946

Jump blues

Up-tempo style of blues, usually played by small groups and featuring horn instruments.

Up-tempo style of blues, usually played by small groups and featuring horn instruments.

Jordan in New York, July 1946
Louis Jordan's Tympany Five
Lionel Hampton

It was popular in the 1940s and was a precursor of rhythm and blues and rock and roll.

Jump blues evolved from the music of big bands such as those of Lionel Hampton and Lucky Millinder in the early 1940s which produced musicians such as Louis Jordan, Jack McVea, Earl Bostic, and Arnett Cobb.

Brown performing in Hamburg, Germany, in February 1973

James Brown

American singer, dancer, musician, record producer, and bandleader.

American singer, dancer, musician, record producer, and bandleader.

Brown performing in Hamburg, Germany, in February 1973
Brown (middle) and The Famous Flames (far left to right, Bobby Bennett, Lloyd Stallworth, and Bobby Byrd), performing live at the Apollo Theater in New York City, 1964
Brown performing in 1969
Brown with a disc jockey after a concert in Tampa in 1972
Brown performing in 1973
James Brown (1977)
Brown performing in 1998
Brown during the NBA All-Star Game jam session, 2001
Brown performing in June 2005
Brown's most famous MC was Danny Ray (center), who was with him for over 30 years.
Brown and MC Danny Ray during cape routine, BBC Electric Proms '06 concert
James Brown memorial in Augusta, Georgia
Public memorial at the Apollo Theater in Harlem
Public funeral in Augusta, Georgia, with Michael Jackson attending
Statue of James Brown in Augusta
Traffic box public art commissioned to be painted by Ms. Robbie Pitts Bellamy in tribute to Brown in 2015

He first came to national public attention in the mid-1950s as the lead singer of the Famous Flames, a then-only Rhythm and blues vocal group founded by Bobby Byrd.

He became inspired to become an entertainer after hearing "Caldonia" by Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five.

American jazz composer, lyricist, and pianist Eubie Blake made an early contribution to the genre's etymology

Jazz

Music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, Louisiana in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with its roots in blues and ragtime.

Music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, Louisiana in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with its roots in blues and ragtime.

American jazz composer, lyricist, and pianist Eubie Blake made an early contribution to the genre's etymology
Albert Gleizes, 1915, Composition for "Jazz" from the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Ethel Waters sang "Stormy Weather" at the Cotton Club.
Al Jolson in 1929
Dance in Congo Square in the late 1700s, artist's conception by E. W. Kemble from a century later
In the late 18th-century painting The Old Plantation, African-Americans dance to banjo and percussion.
The blackface Virginia Minstrels in 1843, featuring tambourine, fiddle, banjo and bones
Scott Joplin in 1903
W. C. Handy at 19, 1892
The Bolden Band around 1905
Jelly Roll Morton, in Los Angeles, California, c. 1917 or 1918
The King & Carter Jazzing Orchestra photographed in Houston, Texas, January 1921
Louis Armstrong began his career in New Orleans and became one of jazz's most recognizable performers.
Benny Goodman (1943)
Duke Ellington at the Hurricane Club (1943)
The "classic quintet": Charlie Parker, Tommy Potter, Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie, and Max Roach performing at Three Deuces in New York City. Photograph by William P. Gottlieb (August 1947), Library of Congress.
Machito (maracas) and his sister Graciella Grillo (claves)
Dizzy Gillespie, 1955
Mongo Santamaria (1969)
Art Blakey (1973)
John Coltrane, 1963
Peter Brötzmann is a key figure in European free jazz.
Naná Vasconcelos playing the Afro-Brazilian Berimbau
Randy Weston
C pentatonic scale beginning on the I (C pentatonic), IV (F pentatonic), and V (G pentatonic) steps of the scale.
V pentatonic scale over II–V–I chord progression
Fusion trumpeter Miles Davis in 1989
Wynton Marsalis
David Sanborn, 2008
John Zorn performing in 2006
Steve Coleman in Paris, July 2004

The mid-1950s saw the emergence of hard bop, which introduced influences from rhythm and blues, gospel, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing.

Other younger performers, such as singer Big Joe Turner and saxophonist Louis Jordan, who were discouraged by bebop's increasing complexity, pursued more lucrative endeavors in rhythm and blues, jump blues, and eventually rock and roll.

Richard in 1967

Little Richard

American musician, singer, and songwriter.

American musician, singer, and songwriter.

Richard in 1967
A poster for a Little Richard show, c. undefined 1956
"Good Golly, Miss Molly", 45 rpm recording on Specialty Records
Little Richard in 1966
Little Richard holding a photograph of himself at a Best Buddies International event, 1998
President Bill Clinton greets Little Richard at the White House in 1994
Little Richard in 2007
Little Richard in concert
Little Richard, interviewed during the 60th Annual Academy Awards, 1988

He influenced numerous singers and musicians across musical genres from rock to hip hop; his music helped shape rhythm and blues for generations.

Before entering the tenth grade, Richard left his family home and joined Hudson's Medicine Show in 1949, performing Louis Jordan's "Caldonia".

Jennifer Lopez performing at a pop music festival

Boogie-woogie

Genre of blues music that became popular during the late 1920s, developed in African-American communities in the 1870s.

Genre of blues music that became popular during the late 1920s, developed in African-American communities in the 1870s.

Jennifer Lopez performing at a pop music festival

The genre had a significant influence on rhythm and blues and rock and roll.

Louis Jordan is a famous jump blues musician.

Charles in the 1960s

Ray Charles

American singer, songwriter, pianist, and composer.

American singer, songwriter, pianist, and composer.

Charles in the 1960s
Charles in 1968
Charles in 1971
Charles meeting with President Richard Nixon, 1972 (photo by Oliver F. Atkins)
Charles at the 2003 Montreal International Jazz Festival, one of his last public performances
Quincy Jones worked with Ray Charles.
Star honoring Charles on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6777 Hollywood Boulevard
Statue by Andy Davis in Ray Charles Plaza in Albany, Georgia

Charles pioneered the soul music genre during the 1950s by combining blues, jazz, rhythm and blues, and gospel styles into the music he recorded for Atlantic Records.

Charles cited Nat King Cole as a primary influence, but his music was also influenced by Louis Jordan and Charles Brown.

Old fish fry sign, New Orleans

Saturday Night Fish Fry

Old fish fry sign, New Orleans

"Saturday Night Fish Fry" is a jump blues song written by Louis Jordan and Ellis Lawrence Walsh, best known through the version recorded by Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five.

The single was a big hit, topping the R&B chart for twelve non-consecutive weeks in late 1949.

Louis Jordan's Tympany Five in New York City, between 1946 and 1948

Tympany Five

Louis Jordan's Tympany Five in New York City, between 1946 and 1948

Tympany Five was a successful and influential American rhythm and blues and jazz dance band founded by Louis Jordan in 1938.