A report on Louisiana

Louisiana entrance sign off Interstate 20 in Madison Parish east of Tallulah
Watson Brake, the oldest mound complex in North America
Poverty Point UNESCO site
Troyville Earthworks, once the second tallest earthworks in North America
French Acadians, who came to be known as Cajuns, settled in southern Louisiana, especially along the banks of its major bayous.
Map of New France (blue color) in 1750, before the French and Indian War
Free woman of color with mixed-race daughter; late 18th-century collage painting, New Orleans
Saint Dominican Creoles
French pirate Jean Lafitte, who operated in New Orleans, was born in Port-au-Prince around 1782.
Map of Louisiana in 1800
Louisiana Purchase, 1803
'Signing the Ordinance of Secession of Louisiana, January 26, 1861', oil on canvas painting, 1861
Capture of New Orleans, April 1862, colored lithograph of engraving
A young African American man in Morganza, 1938
National Rice Festival, Crowley, Louisiana, 1938
View of flooded New Orleans in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina
Map of Louisiana
Aerial view of Louisiana's wetland habitats
A field of yellow wildflowers in St. Bernard Parish
Honey Island Swamp
Entrance to the Bald Eagle Nest Trail at South Toledo Bend State Park
Bogue Chitto State Park
Geographic map of Louisiana
Population density and low elevation coastal zones in the Mississippi River Delta. The Mississippi River Delta is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.
Louisiana's population density
Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis in New Orleans
Cargo ship at the Port of New Orleans
Tabasco varieties produced in Louisiana
Typical dishes of Louisiana Creole cuisine
El Museo de los Isleños (Isleño Museum) in Saint Bernard
The languages of historic Native American tribes who inhabited what is now Louisiana include: Tunica, Caddo, Natchez, Choctaw, Atakapa, Chitimacha and Houma.
Louisiana's bilingual state welcome sign, recognizing its French heritage
Aerial view of Louisiana State University's flagship campus
A streetcar on the St. Charles Avenue Line in New Orleans
Gulf Intracoastal Waterway near New Orleans
The Louisiana State Capitol in Baton Rouge, the tallest state capitol building in the United States
The Louisiana Governor's Mansion
Treemap of the popular vote by parish, 2016 presidential election
Mardi Gras celebrations in the Spanish Town section of Baton Rouge
Caesars Superdome and Smoothie King Center in New Orleans.

State in the Deep South and South Central regions of the United States.

- Louisiana

261 related topics with Alpha


New Orleans

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The New Orleans cityscape in early February 2007
The Revolt took place in what is now Natchez National Historical Park in Natchez, Mississippi.
1724 plan for Saint Louis Parish Church, New Orleans, Louisiana, by Adrien de Pauger
The Battle of New Orleans (1815)
Plan of the city and suburbs of New Orleans: from a survey made in 1815
Mississippi River steamboats at New Orleans, 1853
The starving people of New Orleans under Union occupation during the Civil War, 1862
Esplanade Avenue at Burgundy Street, looking lakewards (north) towards Lake Pontchartrain in 1900
1943 waiting line at wartime Rationing Board office in New Orleans
Richard Nixon in New Orleans, August 1970. Royal at Iberville Streets, heading to Canal Street.
A view of the New Orleans Central Business District, as seen from the Mississippi River. USS New Orleans (LPD-18) in foreground (2007).
Hurricane Katrina at its New Orleans landfall
An aerial view from a United States Navy helicopter showing floodwaters around the Louisiana Superdome (stadium) and surrounding area (2005)
A true-color satellite image taken on NASA's Landsat 7, 2004
Vertical cross-section, showing maximum levee height of 23 ft
Bourbon Street, New Orleans, in 2003, looking towards Canal Street
New Orleans contains many distinctive neighborhoods.
Skyline of the Central Business District of New Orleans
Snow falls on St. Charles Avenue in December 2008.
Hurricanes of Category 3 or greater passing within 100 miles, from 1852 to 2005 (NOAA)
Map of racial distribution in New Orleans, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
2016 New Orleans Pride
Cathedral-Basilica of St. Louis, King of France
Beth Israel synagogue building on Carondelet Street
A tanker on the Mississippi River in New Orleans
Intracoastal Waterway near New Orleans
The steamboat Natchez operates out of New Orleans.
Aerial view of NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility
French Quarter in 2009
Street artist in the French Quarter (1988)
The New Orleans Museum of Art (NOMA) located in City Park
New Orleans Mardi Gras in the early 1890s
Mounted krewe officers in the Thoth Parade during Mardi Gras
Louis Armstrong, famous New Orleans jazz musician
Frank Ocean is a musician from New Orleans.
Steamship Bienville on-board restaurant menu (April 7, 1861)
Café du Monde, a landmark New Orleans beignet cafe established in 1862
The fleur-de-lis is often a symbol of New Orleans and its sports teams.
A view of Gibson Hall at Tulane University
University of New Orleans
Xavier University of Louisiana, 2019
A New Orleans streetcar traveling down Canal Street
Streetcar network
Ferries connecting New Orleans with Algiers (left) and Gretna (right)

New Orleans (, , ; La Nouvelle-Orléans ) is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana.

Mississippi River

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Second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

Second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

The beginning of the Mississippi River at Lake Itasca (2004)
Former head of navigation, St. Anthony Falls, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Confluence of the Wisconsin and Mississippi Rivers, viewed from Wyalusing State Park in Wisconsin
The Upper Mississippi River at its confluence with the Missouri River north of St. Louis
The confluence of the Mississippi (left) and Ohio (right) rivers at Cairo, Illinois, the demarcation between the Middle and the Lower Mississippi River
Lower Mississippi River near New Orleans
Map of the Mississippi River watershed
Sequence of NASA MODIS images showing the outflow of fresh water from the Mississippi (arrows) into the Gulf of Mexico (2004)
View along the former riverbed at the Tennessee/Arkansas state line near Reverie, Tennessee (2007)
In Minnesota, the Mississippi River runs through the Twin Cities (2007)
Community of boathouses on the Mississippi River in Winona, MN (2006)
The Mississippi River at the Chain of Rocks just north of St. Louis (2005)
A low-water dam deepens the pool above the Chain of Rocks Lock near St. Louis (2006)
The Stone Arch Bridge, the Third Avenue Bridge and the Hennepin Avenue Bridge in Minneapolis (2004)
The Dubuque-Wisconsin Bridge (2004)
The Chain of Rocks Bridge at St. Louis, Missouri
The Hernando de Soto Bridge in Memphis, Tennessee (2009)
Vicksburg Bridge
Towboat and barges at Memphis, Tennessee
Ships on the lower part of the Mississippi
Oil tanker on the Lower Mississippi near the Port of New Orleans
Barge on the Lower Mississippi River
Lock and Dam No. 11, north of Dubuque, Iowa (2007)
Lock and Dam No. 2, near Hastings, Minnesota (2007)
Lock and Dam No. 15, is the largest roller dam in the world Davenport, Iowa; Rock Island, Illinois. (1990)
Formation of the Atchafalaya River and construction of the Old River Control Structure.
Project design flood flow capacity for the Mississippi river in thousands of cubic feet per second.
Soldiers of the Missouri Army National Guard sandbag the River in Clarksville, Missouri, June 2008, following flooding.
Discovery of the Mississippi by De Soto A.D. 1541 by William Henry Powell depicts Hernando de Soto and Spanish Conquistadores seeing the Mississippi River for the first time.
Map of the French settlements (blue) in North America in 1750, before the French and Indian War (1754 to 1763).
Ca. 1681 map of Marquette and Jolliet's 1673 expedition.
Route of the Marquette-Jolliete Expedition of 1673
A Home on the Mississippi (1871)
Shifting sand bars made early navigation difficult.
Battle of Vicksburg (ca. 1888)
Mississippi River from Eunice, Arkansas, a settlement destroyed by gunboats during the Civil War.
Campsite at the river in Arkansas
The Old River Control Structure complex. View is to the east-southeast, looking downriver on the Mississippi, with the three dams across channels of the Atchafalaya River to the right of the Mississippi. Concordia Parish, Louisiana is in the foreground, on the right, and Wilkinson County, Mississippi, is in the background, across the Mississippi on the left.
Great River Road in Wisconsin near Lake Pepin (2005)
The American paddlefish is an ancient relict from the Mississippi
The source of the Mississippi River at Lake Itasca

The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.


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Choctaw Village near the Chefuncte, by Francois Bernard, 1869, Peabody Museum—Harvard University. The women are preparing dye in order to color cane strips for making baskets.
Pushmataha, Choctaw Principal Chief
The Big House at D'Evereux Plantation. Built in 1840, the mansion is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Confederate lines, Vicksburg, May 19, 1863. Shows assault by US 1st Battalion, 13th Infantry
The legislature of the State of Mississippi in 1890
Child workers, Pass Christian, 1911, by Lewis Hine
Mexican American boy and African American man at the Knowlton Plantation, Perthshire, Mississippi, in 1939, by Marion Post Wolcott
Dancing at a juke joint near Clarksdale, Mississippi, in 1939, by Marion Post Wolcott
The previous flag of Mississippi, used until June 30, 2020, featured the Confederate battle flag
Bottomland hardwood swamp near Ashland
Map of the Mississippi Delta Region (outlined in green)
Map with all counties and their county seats
Köppen climate types of Mississippi, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Hurricanes Camille (left) and Katrina from satellite imagery, as they approached the Mississippi Gulf Coast
Leaving Tennessee on US Highway 61
Clark Creek Natural Area, Wilkinson County
A racial/ethnic map of the state of Mississippi. The purple counties have black majorities, the blue ones have white majorities. The darker the color, the larger the majority.
Mississippi population density map
Liberty Baptist Church, Amite County
A Mississippi U.S. quarter
Sharecropper's daughter, Lauderdale County, 1935
2014 Corolla built by Toyota Motor Manufacturing Mississippi on display at the Tupelo Automobile Museum
Five Governors of Mississippi in 1976, from left: Ross Barnett, James P. Coleman, William L. Waller, John Bell Williams, and Paul B. Johnson Jr.
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
The Vicksburg Bridge carries I-20 and U.S. 80 across the Mississippi River at Vicksburg.
The Ross Barnett Reservoir at sunset
The Mississippi State Capitol was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2016.

Mississippi is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee; to the east by Alabama; to the south by the Gulf of Mexico; to the southwest by Louisiana; and to the northwest by Arkansas.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

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A map of Baton Rouge in 1863
Baton Rouge as viewed from the International Space Station in May 2011, looking west
A map of racial distribution in Baton Rouge, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The former CB&I local office on Essen Lane, a commercial office corridor
The ExxonMobil oil refinery seen from the capitol tower
Raising Cane's Baton Rouge River Center in Downtown
Shaw Center for the Arts in Downtown
Spanish Town Mardi Gras parade, 2010
Miss Louisiana USA Brittany Guidry, Miss USA 2014, Preliminary Evening Gown Competition
USS Kidd, located downtown on the river, is part of the Louisiana Naval Museum.
Nottoway Plantation located near White Castle, 26 mi south of Baton Rouge
A map of East Baton Rouge Parish districts
A map of Baton Rouge City Council partisanship
Memorial Tower at Louisiana State University
F. G. Clark Activity Center at Southern University
The State Library of Louisiana in Baton Rouge
The Advocate office in Baton Rouge, 2012
Ochsner Medical Center
Horace Wilkinson Bridge I-10
Huey P. Long Bridge
Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport drop off lane

Baton Rouge is the capital of the U.S. state of Louisiana.


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State in the South Central region of the United States.

State in the South Central region of the United States.

Early Native American tribal territories
Nicolas de La Fora's 1771 map of the northern frontier of New Spain clearly shows the Provincia de los Tejas.
Stephen F. Austin was the first American empresario given permission to operate a colony within Mexican Texas.
Mexico in 1824. Coahuila y Tejas is the northeasternmost state.
Surrender of Santa Anna. Painting by William Henry Huddle, 1886.
The Republic of Texas with present-day borders superimposed
Captain Charles A. May's squadron of the 2nd Dragoons slashes through the Mexican Army lines. Resaca de la Palma, Texas, May 1846
Spindletop, the first major oil gusher
Sam Rayburn Reservoir
Texas Hill Country
Steinhagen Reservoir
Palo Duro Canyon
Franklin Mountains State Park
Big Bend National Park
Köppen climate types in Texas
Colonia in the Rio Grande Valley near the Mexico–United States border
A geomap depicting income by county as of 2014
Cotton modules after harvest in West Texas
An oil well
Brazos Wind Farm
Electronic Data Systems headquarters in Plano
Astronaut training at the Johnson Space Center in Houston
The Alamo is one of the most recognized symbols of Texas.
Big Tex presided over every Texas State Fair since 1952 until it was destroyed by a fire in 2012. Since then a new Big Tex was created.
The University of Texas at Austin
University of Houston
Texas A&M University
Rice University
The Texas Medical Center in Houston
The High Five Interchange in Dallas
"Welcome to Texas" sign
Terminal D at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Terminal E at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston
Port of Houston along the Houston Ship Channel
The Texas State Capitol at night
Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, 36th president of the United States
George W. Bush of Texas, 43rd president of the United States
AT&T Stadium, home of the Dallas Cowboys
Playoff game between the San Antonio Spurs and the Los Angeles Lakers in 2007

Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south and southwest; and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Louisiana (New France)

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Administrative district of New France.

Administrative district of New France.

New France before the Treaty of Utrecht
The Mississippi River basin and tributaries
New France before the Treaty of Utrecht
Lower Louisiana in the white area – the pink represents Canada – part of Canada below the great lakes was ceded to Louisiana in 1717. Brown represents British colonies (map before 1736)
A new map of the north parts of America claimed by France under the names of Louisiana in 1720 by Herman Moll
A map of Louisiana by Christoph Weigel, published in 1734
Jacques Marquette
Map of New France (blue color) in 1750, before the French and Indian War (1754 to 1763), that was part of the Seven Years' War
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Map of North America during the 17th century
Saint Louis Cathedral in New Orleans
The Code Noir, which was applied in Louisiana during the 18th century and, later, with some modifications, in the West Indies
Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, governor of Louisiana in the early 17th century
French unmarried women transported to Louisiana as brides for the colonists
A coureur des bois
Eugène Delacroix, Les Natchez, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1832–1835. The Natchez tribe were the fiercest opponents of the French in Louisiana.
Profile of an American trapper (Missouri)
The Louisiana Purchase territory
Map of current U.S. states that were completely or mostly inside the borders of post-1764 colonial Louisiana at the time of Louisiana Purchase

The U.S. state of Louisiana is named for the historical region, although it is only a small part of the vast lands claimed by France.

Modern map of the United States overlapped with territory bought in the Louisiana Purchase (in white)

Louisiana Purchase

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The acquisition of the territory of Louisiana by the United States from the French First Republic in 1803.

The acquisition of the territory of Louisiana by the United States from the French First Republic in 1803.

Modern map of the United States overlapped with territory bought in the Louisiana Purchase (in white)
1804 map of "Louisiana", bounded on the west by the Rocky Mountains
The future president James Monroe as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to France helped Robert R. Livingston in negotiating the Louisiana Purchase
The original treaty of the Louisiana Purchase
Transfer of Louisiana by Ford P. Kaiser for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904)
Issue of 1953, commemorating the 150th Anniversary of signing
Flag raising in the Place d'Armes of New Orleans, marking the transfer of sovereignty over French Louisiana to the United States, December 20, 1803, as depicted by Thure de Thulstrup
The Purchase was one of several territorial additions to the U.S.
Plan of Fort Madison, built in 1808 to establish U.S. control over the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase, drawn 1810
Louisiana Purchase territory shown as American Indian land in Gratiot's map of the defences of the western & north-western frontier, 1837.
Share issued by Hope & Co. in 1804 to finance the Louisiana Purchase.

The purchase included land from fifteen present U.S. states and two Canadian provinces, including the entirety of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; large portions of North Dakota and South Dakota; the area of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; the portion of Minnesota west of the Mississippi River; the northeastern section of New Mexico; northern portions of Texas; New Orleans and the portions of the present state of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River; and small portions of land within Alberta and Saskatchewan.


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Official name given to the French Louisiana region that has historically contained much of the state's Francophone population.

Official name given to the French Louisiana region that has historically contained much of the state's Francophone population.

Downtown Breaux Bridge
Downtown New Iberia
A painting of bourgeois Creole ladies
The Cajun-Creole population of Crowley listening to a Cajun Music Concert in 1938
The Cathedral of Saint John the Evangelist in Lafayette, Louisiana

Of the 64 parishes that make up the U.S. state of Louisiana, 22 named parishes and other parishes of similar cultural environment make up this intrastate region.

Katrina on August 28, nearing the Gulf Coast.

Hurricane Katrina

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Large and destructive Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that caused over 1,800 fatalities and $125 billion in damage in late August 2005, especially in the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas.

Large and destructive Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that caused over 1,800 fatalities and $125 billion in damage in late August 2005, especially in the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas.

Katrina on August 28, nearing the Gulf Coast.
Flanked by Michael Chertoff, Secretary of Homeland Security, left, and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, President George W. Bush meets with members of the White House Task Force on Hurricane Katrina Recovery on August 31, 2005, in the Cabinet Room of the White House.
Radar loop of Hurricane Katrina making landfall in Louisiana
Vertical cross-section of New Orleans, showing maximum levee height of 23 ft. Vertical scale exaggerated.
Damage to a mobile home in Davie, Florida following Hurricane Katrina
Flooding in Venice, Louisiana
A fallen water tower in Buras-Triumph, Louisiana, where Katrina made landfall
Hurricane Katrina making landfall in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Flooded I-10/I-610/West End Blvd interchange and surrounding area of northwest New Orleans and Metairie, Louisiana
A U.S. Coast Guardsman searches for survivors in New Orleans in the Katrina aftermath.
U.S. Route 90's Bay St. Louis Bridge on Pass Christian was destroyed as a result of Katrina.
Damage to Long Beach, Mississippi following Hurricane Katrina
Surge damage in Pascagoula, Mississippi
Flood waters come up the steps of Mobile's federal courthouse.
Bayou La Batre: cargo ship and fishing boats were grounded
Total rainfall from Katrina in the United States. Data for the New Orleans area is not available.
The Chandeleur Islands, before Katrina (left) and after (right), showing the impact of the storm along coastal areas.
U.S. Army Infantry on patrol in New Orleans in an area previously underwater, September 2005.
A Border Patrol Special Response Team searches a hotel room-by-room in New Orleans in response to Hurricane Katrina.
Chart showing some common uses of the FEMA marking system in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina
President Bush stands with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao and Secretary of Health and Human Services Mike Leavitt during a press conference from the Rose Garden, regarding the devastation along the Gulf Coast caused by Katrina.
USNS Comfort takes on supplies at Mayport, Florida, en route to the Gulf Coast.
United States Navy personnel unload Canadian relief supplies from a Royal Canadian Air Force transport aircraft in Pensacola, Florida.
Residents of Louisiana, who had to flee their homes because of Hurricane Katrina, are inside the Houston Astrodome and being helped by the Red Cross and other agencies and associations.
View of the eyewall of Hurricane Katrina taken on August 28, 2005, as seen from a NOAA WP-3D hurricane hunter aircraft before the storm made landfall on the United States Gulf Coast
View of flooded New Orleans in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina
Volunteers from AmeriCorps in New Orleans, January 2006

The storm strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane over the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico before weakening to Category 3 strength at its second landfall on August 29 over southeast Louisiana and Mississippi.

The flag of Acadia


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The flag of Acadia
The Acadian Country in 1754
Acadian militia captain Joseph "Beausoleil" Broussard
The deportation of the Acadians.
The Acadian Creole governor of Louisiana, Alexandre Mouton
Cajun dancers in traditional clothing
Filipino-Cajuns of Saint Malo, Louisiana
Singer Beyoncé is of Cajun Creole heritage
Louisiana's Cajun governor, Edwin Edwards
The 22 parishes of Acadiana: The Cajun heartland of Louisiana is highlighted in darker red.
Cajun boudin rolled into a ball and deep fried
Musicians playing at a traditional Courir de Mardi Gras
Cajun fiddler at 1938 National Rice Festival, photographed by Russell Lee
A statue of Evangeline—fictional heroine of the poem Evangeline by Longfellow—at St. Martinville, Louisiana. The statue was donated by actress Dolores del Río, who also posed for it. In a 1929 silent film by director Edwin Carewe, del Rio portrayed Evangeline.

The Cajuns (French: les Cadjins or les Cadiens ), also known as Louisiana Acadians (French: les Acadiens), are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana.