Luanda

Luanda, AngolaSão Paulo de LuandaLoandaLuanda SulSão Paulo de LoandahistoryLoandoLuanda-VianaPortuguese colony in LuandaSan Paolo de Loanda
Luanda, formerly named São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda, is the capital and largest city in Angola, It is Angola's primary port, and its major industrial, cultural and urban centre.wikipedia
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Angola

Republic of AngolaAngolanAO
Luanda, formerly named São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda, is the capital and largest city in Angola, It is Angola's primary port, and its major industrial, cultural and urban centre.
The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda.

Angolan Civil War

civil warAngolathe civil war
At the start of the Angolan Civil War in 1975, most of the white Portuguese left as refugees, principally for Portugal.
The MPLA was primarily an urban based movement in Luanda and its surrounding area.

Slavery in Angola

Slave tradeAngola was slaveryAngolan slaves
The city served as the centre of the slave trade to Brazil before its prohibition.
In the late 16th century, Kingdom of Portugal's explorers founded the fortified settlement of Luanda, and later on minor trade posts and forts on the Kwanza River as well as on the Atlantic coast southwards until Benguela.

Luanda Province

Luandaprovince of LuandaLuanda District
It is also the capital city of Luanda Province.
The city of Luanda is the capital of the province and the country of Angola.

Kongo people

BakongoKongoCongolese
The inhabitants of Luanda are mostly members of the ethnic group of the Ambundu, but in recent times there has been an increase of the number of the Bakongo and the Ovimbundu.
Their highest concentrations are found south of Pointe-Noire in the Republic of the Congo, southwest of Pool Malebo and west of the Kwango River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and north of Luanda, Angola.

Benguela

Benguellacity of Benguelahistory
By 1850, Luanda was one of the greatest and most developed Portuguese cities in the vast Portuguese Empire outside Continental Portugal, full of trading companies, exporting (together with Benguela) palm and peanut oil, wax, copal, timber, ivory, cotton, coffee, and cocoa, among many other products.
Benguela (, São Felipe de Benguela, formerly spelled Benguella) is the capital city of Benguela Province and a municipality in western Angola south of Luanda, located on a bay of the same name, on 12° 33’ S., 13° 25’ E. Benguela is one of Angola's most populous cities with a population of 555,124 in the city and 561,775 in the municipality, at the 2014 Census.

Fortress of São Miguel

Fortaleza de São MiguelFortalesaFortaleza de São Miguel de Luanda
In 1618, the Portuguese built the fortress called Fortaleza São Pedro da Barra, and they subsequently built two more: Fortaleza de São Miguel (1634) and Forte de São Francisco do Penedo (1765-6).
Fortaleza de São Miguel or Saint Michael Fortress was a Portuguese fortress built in Luanda, Angola.

2010 Africa Cup of Nations

20102010 African Cup of Nations2010 African Nations Cup
Luanda was the main host city for the matches of the 2010 African Cup of Nations.
The draw for the final tournament took place on 20 November 2009 at the Talatona Convention Centre in Luanda, Angola.

Fortress of São Francisco do Penedo

Forte de São Francisco do Penedo
In 1618, the Portuguese built the fortress called Fortaleza São Pedro da Barra, and they subsequently built two more: Fortaleza de São Miguel (1634) and Forte de São Francisco do Penedo (1765-6).
The Fortress of São Francisco do Penedo (in Portuguese, Forte de São Francisco do Penedo) is located in the port city of Luanda, Angola, at coordinates -8.8014°N, 13.25028°W.

Cuanza River

Kwanza RiverCuanzaKwanza
During this period, no large scale territorial conquest was intended by the Portuguese; only a few minor settlements were established in the immediate hinterland of Luanda, some on the last stretch of the Kwanza River.
It empties into the Atlantic Ocean just south of the national capital Luanda.

Portuguese Angola

AngolaPortuguese West AfricaOverseas Province of Angola
Like most of Portuguese Angola, the cosmopolitan city of Luanda was not affected by the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974); economic growth and development in the entire region reached record highs during this period.
In 1575, the settlement of Luanda was established on the coast south of the Kongo Kingdom, and in the 17th century the settlement of Benguela, even farther to the south.

Ambundu

MbunduMbundu peopleNorthern Mbundu people
The inhabitants of Luanda are mostly members of the ethnic group of the Ambundu, but in recent times there has been an increase of the number of the Bakongo and the Ovimbundu.
The Ambundu nowadays live in the region stretching to the East from Angola's capital city of Luanda (see map).

Angolan War of Independence

independenceAngolawar for independence
By the time of Angolan independence in 1975, Luanda was a modern city.
Paulo Dias de Novais founded Luanda in 1575 as São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda.

Portugal

PortuguesePortuguese RepublicPOR
Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais founded Luanda on 25 January 1576 as "São Paulo da Assumpção de Loanda", with one hundred families of settlers and four hundred soldiers.
Luanda, Benguela, Bissau, Lourenço Marques, Porto Amboim and the Island of Mozambique were among the oldest Portuguese-founded port cities in its African territories.

Portuguese Colonial War

Colonial WarPortuguese Colonial WarsPortuguese Overseas War
Like most of Portuguese Angola, the cosmopolitan city of Luanda was not affected by the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974); economic growth and development in the entire region reached record highs during this period.
Nevertheless, the fortified Portuguese towns of Luanda (established in 1587 with 400 Portuguese settlers) and Benguela (a fort from 1587, a town from 1617) remained almost continuously in Portuguese hands.

MPLA

Popular Movement for the Liberation of AngolaPeople's Movement for the Liberation of AngolaSecretary of the Popular Liberation Movement of Angola-Labor Party
The large numbers of skilled technicians among the force of Cuban soldiers sent in to support the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) government in the Angolan Civil War were able to make a valuable contribution to restoring and maintaining basic services in the city.
The MPLA's core base includes the Ambundu ethnic group and the educated intelligentsia of the capital city, Luanda.

Catholic University of Angola

Universidade Católica de Angola
It is also the location of most of Angola's educational institutions, including the private Catholic University of Angola and the public University of Agostinho Neto.
The Catholic University of Angola (Universidade Católica de Angola, UCAN) is a Catholic institution in Angola's capital of Luanda.

Musseques

This also caused the exacerbation of slums, or musseques, around Luanda.
Musseques are informal settlements in Angola, mostly associated with the sprawling slums around the capital, Luanda

Quatro de Fevereiro Airport

LuandaLuanda AirportLuanda Air Base
A small stream flows in southern Luanda Sul, starting near the Quatro de Fevereiro Airport and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.
It is located in the southern part of the capital Luanda, situated in the Luanda Province.

Dutch Loango-Angola

1640s in Angolacaptured LuandaDutch
Luanda was Portugal's bridgehead from 1627, except during the Dutch rule of Luanda, from 1640 to 1648, as Fort Aardenburgh.
Dutch forces took control of Luanda and signed a treaty with Queen Nzinga of the Ndongo Kingdom.

Estádio da Cidadela

Cidadela
It is also the home of the colonial Governor's Palace and the Estádio da Cidadela (the "Citadel Stadium"), Angola's main stadium, with a total seating capacity of 60,000.
Estádio da Cidadela is a football stadium in Luanda, Angola.

Paulo Dias de Novais

Dias de NovaisNovais
Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais founded Luanda on 25 January 1576 as "São Paulo da Assumpção de Loanda", with one hundred families of settlers and four hundred soldiers. Among the oldest colonial cities of Africa, it was founded in January 1576 by Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais, under the name of São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda.
Attracted by the prospect of the famous silver mines of Cambambe, he founded the settlement of São Paulo de Luanda, near the island of Luanda.

Talatona

Two new municipalities have been created within Greater Luanda since 2017: Talatona and Kilamba-Kiaxi
Talatona is a municipality in the province of Luanda, bordering the Angolan capital, Luanda.

Estado Novo (Portugal)

Estado NovoPortugalEstado Novo regime
Throughout Portugal's Estado Novo period, Luanda grew from a town of 61,208 with 14.6% of those inhabitants being white in 1940, to a wealthy cosmopolitan major city of 475,328 in 1970 with 124,814 Europeans (26.3%) and around 50,000 mixed race inhabitants.
Galvão claimed that his intentions were to sail to the Overseas Province of Angola to set up in Luanda a renegade Portuguese Government in opposition to Salazar.

List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees

Most expensive citiescity rankings of cost of living for expatriate employeesmost expensive city
Luanda is one of the world's most expensive cities for resident foreigners.