Lucca

Lucca Cathedral
Piazza dell'Anfiteatro and the Basilica of San Frediano
Palazzo Pfanner, garden view
Palazzo Ducale
A stretch of the walls
Via Fillungo view from the Clock Tower
Autumn atop bastions
View of Lucca from the Clock Tower
The courtyard of Museo Nazionale di Palazzo Mansi
Teatro del Giglio
Puccini's statue on Piazza Cittadella created by Vito Tongiani
San Michele in Foro
San Michele at Antraccoli
Guinigi Tower

City and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, on the Serchio River, in a fertile plain near the Ligurian Sea.

- Lucca

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Giacomo Puccini

Italian composer known primarily for his operas.

Giacomo Puccini signature.svg
Puccini's birthplace, seen in 1984 during restoration work
Original poster for Puccini's Tosca
Puccini photographed in 1908
Giacomo Puccini with conductor Arturo Toscanini
Puccini in 1910
Torre del Lago, Italy, Villa Puccini
Puccini on horseback
Puccini with his wife Elvira and son Antonio, 1900
Puccini in 1924

Puccini was born Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini in Lucca, Italy, in 1858.

Luigi Boccherini

Italian composer and cellist of the Classical era whose music retained a courtly and galante style even while he matured somewhat apart from the major European musical centres.

Pencil drawing of Luigi Boccherini by Etienne Mazas after a portrait bust
Monument to Luigi Boccherini, Lucca
Boccherini playing the cello. Pompeo Batoni (c. 1764–1767)

Boccherini was born into a musical family in Lucca, Italy in 1743.

Tuscany

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Thornthwaite climate classification of Tuscany
Cinerary urns of the Villanovan culture
The Chimera of Arezzo, Etruscan bronze, 400 BC
Battle of Montaperti, 1260
Primavera (1482) by Botticelli
Hanging and burning of Girolamo Savonarola in Piazza della Signoria in Florence 1498 - Painting depicting Renaissance Florence
Map of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Memorial to the victims of the Sant'Anna di Stazzema massacre, in which 560 locals were murdered by Nazi Germans and Italian Fascists in 1944
Michelangelo's David
A painting from the Sienese School by Pietro Lorenzetti
Giacomo Puccini
Tuscan poet and literary figure Petrarch
An assortment of Tuscan foods: various wine and cheese, and different sorts of salamis and hams
Vineyards in the Chianti region
The Via de' Tornabuoni in Florence, the city's top fashion and shopping street, contains some of the world's most luxurious clothing and jewelry houses, such as Cartier, Ferragamo, Gucci, Versace and Bulgari
Sunflower field near Castiglione della Pescaia, Maremma
Tuscan landscape near Barga between the Apuan Alps and the Apennine Mountains
Lake Massaciuccoli
A view of the Chianti countryside
Balze di Volterra
Fallow deer in the Padule di Bolgheri
Arno river in Casentino
Hilly landscape in Val d'Orcia
Guido of Arezzo
A page from Fibonacci's Liber Abaci (1202)
Battle of Giglio (1241)
Dante Alighieri, author of the Divine Comedy
Leonardo da Vinci
Lorenzo de' Medici
Niccolò Machiavelli, author of The Prince
Amerigo Vespucci
Cosimo I de' Medici, first Grand Duke of Tuscany
Galileo Galilei
Pinocchio, created by Carlo Collodi (1883)
An Italian partisan in Florence (1944)
Arezzo
Florence
Pisa
Siena
San Gimignano
Lucca
Pienza
Cortona
Monte Argentario
Elba
Maremma Regional Park
Michelangelo's David

The main tourist spots are Florence, Pisa, San Gimignano, Lucca, Castiglione della Pescaia, Grosseto and Siena.

Alfredo Catalani

Italian operatic composer.

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Born in Lucca, Catalani was trained at the Milan Conservatory, where his teachers included Antonio Bazzini.

Serchio

Third longest river in the Italian region of Tuscany at 126 km, coming after the Arno at 242 km and the Ombrone, 161 km. By mean rate of flow, it is the second largest, smaller than Arno but larger than Ombrone.

Having reached the plain of Lucca, where it is joined by the torrent Freddana, the Serchio turns westwards, crosses the “straits” of Filettole, and enters the Province of Pisa.

Pope Lucius III

Pope Lucius III (c.

Depiction of Lucius III from the Liber ad honorem Augusti by Peter of Eboli (1196)
Bullas of Lucius III

Born of an aristocratic family of Lucca, prior to being elected pope, he had a long career as a papal diplomat.

Matilda of Tuscany

Member of the House of Canossa (also known as the Attonids) and one of the most powerful nobles in Italy in the second half of the eleventh century.

Matilda of Canossa and Hugh of Cluny as advocates of Henry IV
Adalbert-Atto of Canossa and his wife Hildegard surrounded by arches, and their sons Rudolph, Geoffrey (Gotofred) and Tedald at their feet. Donizo's Vita Mathildis (Vatican Library, Codex Vat. Lat. 4922, fol. 20v)
The states of the Apennine Peninsula in the second half of the 11th century.
Miniature of Matilda from the frontispiece of Donizo's Vita Mathildis (Vatican Library, Codex Vat. Lat. 4922, fol. 7v.). Matilda is depicted seated. On her right, Donizo is presenting her with a copy of the Vita Mathildis, on her left is a man with a sword (possibly her man-at-arms). The script underneath reads: Mathildis lucens, precor hoc cape cara volumen (Resplendent Matilda, please accept this book, oh you dear one.)
Ruins of the Canossa Castle.
Depiction of Pope Gregory VII at the beginning of the Vita Gregorii VII of Pauls von Bernried in the manuscript Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 12, fol. 181v.
Matilda's wedding with Welf V (l), and she presents her property to her new husband (r). Illumination from the 14th century in a manuscript of the Nuova Chronica by Giovanni Villani. Vatican Library, Chigi LVIII 296, fol. 56r.
Anselm of Canterbury hands over his work to Matilda. Miniature in a manuscript by Anselm's Orationes (Diocese of Salzburg, around 1160). Admont, Abbey Library, Ms. 289, fol. 1v.
Matilda's signature ("Matilda, Dei gratia si quid est"), quite tremulous due to her old age. Notitia Confirmationis (Prato, June 1107), Archivio Storico Diocesano of Lucca, Diplomatico Arcivescovile, perg. ++ I29
Abbey of San Benedetto in Polirone
Gospels of Matilda of Tuscany, San Benedetto Po (al Polirone), before 1099. New York, Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.492, fol. 84r.
Matilda's tombstone at St. Peter's Basilica, by Bernini

The oldest proven ancestor of the House of Canossa was the nobleman Sigifred, who lived in the first third of the 10th century and came from the County of Lucca.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lucca

Latin Church ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Catholic Church in Italy.

Lucca Cathedral

The episcopal see is Lucca.

Province of Lucca

Province in the Tuscany region of Italy.

Façade and bell tower of Lucca Cathedral.

Its capital is the city of Lucca.

Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor

The first King of Bohemia to become Holy Roman Emperor.

Charles IV in the Votive Panel of Jan Očko of Vlašim
Coat of arms of the House of Luxembourg–Bohemia
Arms of Charles IV as Holy Roman Emperor
Lands of the Bohemian Crown ruled by Charles IV
Bust of Charles IV in St. Vitus Cathedral, 1370s
The Golden Bull of 1356
Charles's possessions at the signing of the Golden Bull of 1356.
Meeting with Charles V of France in Paris in 1378, from a fifteenth-century manuscript in the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal
Statue of Charles IV near Charles Bridge (1848), Prague, by Ernst Julius Hähnel
100-CZK banknote
Charles and his first wife, Blanche

At the beginning of 1333, Charles went to Lucca (Tuscany) to consolidate his rule there.