Lucid dream

lucid dreaminglucid dreamslucidconscious basisconscious dreamdreamdream of fallingdreamsdreamscapelucid dreamer
A lucid dream is a dream during which the dreamer is aware that they are dreaming.wikipedia
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Dream

dreamsdreamlikedreaming
A lucid dream is a dream during which the dreamer is aware that they are dreaming.
The events in dreams are generally outside the control of the dreamer, with the exception of lucid dreaming, where the dreamer is self-aware.

Yoga nidra

YoganidraYoga-nidraYogic sleep
In Eastern thought, cultivating the dreamer's ability to be aware that he or she is dreaming is central to both the Tibetan Buddhist practice of dream Yoga, and the ancient Indian Hindu practice of Yoga nidra.
In lucid dreaming, one is only, or mainly, cognizant of the dream environment, and has little or no awareness of one's actual environment.

Frederik van Eeden

Frederik Willem van EedenFrederik (Willem) van Eedenvan Eeden
The term 'lucid dream' was coined by Dutch author and psychiatrist Frederik van Eeden in his 1913 article A Study of Dreams, though descriptions of dreamers being aware that they are dreaming predates the actual term.
Whilst living in the city, he coined the term lucid dream in the sense of mental clarity, a term that nowadays is a classic term in the Dream literature and study, meaning dreaming while knowing that one is dreaming.

Dream diary

dream journaldiary of dreamsdreamlog
He wrote down the dreams that seemed most important to him, and out of all these dreams, 352 were what is now known as “lucid dreams”.
Dream diaries are also used by some people as a way to help induce lucid dreams.

False awakening

Continuum (dream)dream within a dreamdreams within dreams
Green was also the first to link lucid dreams to the phenomenon of false awakenings.
A false awakening may occur following a dream or following a lucid dream (one in which the dreamer has been aware of dreaming).

Rapid eye movement sleep

REM sleepREMrapid eye movement
She concluded that lucid dreams were a category of experience quite distinct from ordinary dreams and said they were associated with rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep).
However, the posterior areas are more coherent with each other; as are the right and left hemispheres of the brain, especially during lucid dreams.

Stephen LaBerge

In 1980, Stephen LaBerge at Stanford University developed such techniques as part of his doctoral dissertation. Experiments by Stephen LaBerge used "perception of the outside world" as a criterion for wakefulness while studying lucid dreamers, and their sleep state was corroborated with physiological measurements.
Stephen LaBerge (born 1947) is an American psychophysiologist specializing in the scientific study of lucid dreaming.

Marie-Jean-Léon, Marquis d'Hervey de Saint Denys

Marquis d'Hervey-Saint-DenysHervey de Saint DenysHervey de Saint-Denys
In 1867, the French sinologist Marie-Jean-Léon, Marquis d'Hervey de Saint Denys anonymously published Les Rêves et Les Moyens de Les Diriger; Observations Pratiques ('Dreams and the ways to direct them; practical observations'), in which he describes his own experiences of lucid dreaming, and proposes that it is possible for anyone to learn to dream consciously.
D'Hervey was also one of the earliest oneirologists (specialists in the study of dreams), and is nowadays regarded as "The Father" of modern lucid dreaming.

Celia Green

In 1968, Celia Green analyzed the main characteristics of such dreams, reviewing previously published literature on the subject and incorporating new data from participants of her own.
She predicted that lucid dreams would be found to be correlated with the rapid eye movement (REM) stage of sleep, a prediction which was subsequently confirmed by experiment.

Waking Life

Films like Waking Life (2001), Paprika (2006), Inception (2010), Lucid Dream (2017) and 118 (2019) refer to lucid dreaming.
The film explores a wide range of philosophical issues including the nature of reality, dreams and lucid dreams, consciousness, the meaning of life, free will, and existentialism.

Inception

film of the same nameDom KolbDominick Cobb
Films like Waking Life (2001), Paprika (2006), Inception (2010), Lucid Dream (2017) and 118 (2019) refer to lucid dreaming.
After the 2002 completion of Insomnia, Nolan presented to Warner Bros. a written 80-page treatment about a horror film envisioning "dream stealers" based on lucid dreaming.

Pre-lucid dream

Pre-lucid dreaming can be described as the very beginning stages of inducing the lucid dreaming process.

Deirdre Barrett

In her book The Committee of Sleep, Deirdre Barrett describes how some experienced lucid dreamers have learned to remember specific practical goals such as artists looking for inspiration seeking a show of their own work once they become lucid or computer programmers looking for a screen with their desired code.
Barrett has also conducted research on lucid dreams and on helping people suffering from PTSD to incubate mastery dreams to change their nightmares, and published studies tracking the progression of dreams during bereavement.

Paul Tholey

Given the unreliability of dream memories and following the critical realism approach, he used lucid dreaming as an epistemological tool for investigating dreams, in a similar fashion to Stephen LaBerge.

Dream yoga

milam
In Eastern thought, cultivating the dreamer's ability to be aware that he or she is dreaming is central to both the Tibetan Buddhist practice of dream Yoga, and the ancient Indian Hindu practice of Yoga nidra.
16) whilst explaining Zhitro discuss the primary importance of lucid dreaming to the practice of Dream Yoga and pinpoint its four stages:

Nightmare

nightmaresnightmarishbad dreams
It has been suggested that those who suffer from nightmares could benefit from the ability to be aware they are indeed dreaming.

Wakefulness

awakeawakeningwaking
Experiments by Stephen LaBerge used "perception of the outside world" as a criterion for wakefulness while studying lucid dreamers, and their sleep state was corroborated with physiological measurements.

Narrative therapy

narrativenarrative approachnarratives
Australian psychologist Milan Colic has explored the application of principles from narrative therapy to clients' lucid dreams, to reduce the impact not only of nightmares during sleep but also depression, self-mutilation, and other problems in waking life.

Paprika (2006 film)

Paprikaanimated film2006
Films like Waking Life (2001), Paprika (2006), Inception (2010), Lucid Dream (2017) and 118 (2019) refer to lucid dreaming.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
The term 'lucid dream' was coined by Dutch author and psychiatrist Frederik van Eeden in his 1913 article A Study of Dreams, though descriptions of dreamers being aware that they are dreaming predates the actual term.

Psychiatrist

psychiatristsclinical psychiatristconsultant psychiatrist
The term 'lucid dream' was coined by Dutch author and psychiatrist Frederik van Eeden in his 1913 article A Study of Dreams, though descriptions of dreamers being aware that they are dreaming predates the actual term.