Ludvík Svoboda

Czechoslovak General Ludvík SvobodaGeneral in command of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, Ludvík SvobodaSvoboda
Ludvík Svoboda (25 November 1895 – 20 September 1979) was a Czechoslovak general and politician.wikipedia
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Hroznatín

Svoboda was born in Hroznatín, Moravia to family of Jan Svoboda.
It is the birthplace of General Ludvík Svoboda.

Klement Gottwald

GottwaldPresident GottwaldGottwalda
Trusted by Klement Gottwald's exile leadership and Soviet functionaries, he quickly climbed the military ranks, becoming army general in August 1945.
It is believed that he fought in the Battle of Zborov, which would mean that he fought there against future General and President Ludvík Svoboda, who fought on the side of the Czechoslovak Legion.

Czechoslovak Legion (1939)

Czechoslovak LegionCzech and Slovak LegionCzechoslovak military unit
In June 1939 he fled to Poland, forming a Czechoslovak military unit in Kraków, before falling into Soviet captivity during the Soviet invasion of Poland.
The future Legion had a strength of about 700 infantry soldiers under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Ludvík Svoboda and early July it moved from Kraków to the empty military camp in Bronowice Małe.

Battle of Sokolovo

World War II battle
The Czechoslovak units fought the Germans for the first time in March 1943 at the Battle of Sokolovo in Ukraine.
Under the command of Ludvík Svoboda, later President of Czechoslovakia, the Czechoslovak soldiers delayed the advance of Germans to the Mzha river.

Hero of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

Hero of ČSSR
Svoboda was also awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (on 24 November 1965 ), and Hero of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (being awarded the latter title again in 1970 and 1975).
Awarded 31 times to some Czechoslovak war heroes, to the general and later president Ludvík Svoboda, to the Czechoslovak president Gustáv Husák, to the Czech cosmonaut Vladimír Remek, Soviet generals and marshals and to Leonid Brezhnev.

Moravia

MoravaMoravianMähren
Svoboda was born in Hroznatín, Moravia to family of Jan Svoboda.
Ludvík Svoboda (1895–1979), general of I Czechoslovak Army Corps, seventh president of Czechoslovakia

1968 Czechoslovak presidential election

1968was elected
After the ending of the Antonín Novotný regime, in the period known as the Prague Spring, Svoboda was elected President of Czechoslovakia on 30 March 1968, on the recommendation of Alexander Dubček, the First Secretary.
Ludvík Svoboda replaced Antonín Novotný as the President of Czechoslovakia.

1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

Communist coupcoup d'état1948 coup d'état
Two days later (and one day after a general strike in which 2.5 million citizens participated), President Edvard Beneš gave in to growing pressure from Gottwald and appointed a government dominated by Communists and pro-Soviet Social Democrats--in effect, giving legal sanction to a Communist coup.
The army, under the direction of Defence Minister Ludvík Svoboda, who was formally non-partisan but had facilitated Communist infiltration into the officer corps, was confined to barracks and did not interfere.

Prague Spring

invasion of CzechoslovakiaSoviet invasion of CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia
After the ending of the Antonín Novotný regime, in the period known as the Prague Spring, Svoboda was elected President of Czechoslovakia on 30 March 1968, on the recommendation of Alexander Dubček, the First Secretary.
On 22 March 1968, Novotný resigned his presidency and was replaced by Ludvík Svoboda, who later gave consent to the reforms.

Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia

invasion of CzechoslovakiaSoviet invasion of CzechoslovakiaSoviet invasion
Svoboda then gave a mild consent to the reform process of the new Party leadership until the Warsaw Pact intervention in August 1968.
On 22 March 1968, Novotný resigned his presidency and was replaced by Ludvík Svoboda, who later gave consent to the reforms.

Battle of the Dukla Pass

DuklabattleBattle of Dukla
As a commander he also led troops of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in the Battle of the Dukla Pass in the fall of 1944 when, after a very heavy fighting, this unit managed to cross the Czechoslovak state border for the first time.
Czechoslovak 1st Army Corps (Ludvík Svoboda)

Moscow Protocol

Nevertheless, Svoboda could do nothing to prevent Brezhnev from forcing the Czechoslovak representatives to sign the notorious Moscow protocols, which meant a factual capitulation as they were kept secret and provided the Warsaw Pact armies with a factual licence to a "temporary stay" (as it was called later at an October parliamentary session) in Czechoslovakia.
The main signatories were President Ludvík Svoboda, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček, Prime Minister Oldřich Černík, Chairman of the National Assembly Josef Smrkovský and most of the ministers and Communist Party leaders (Gustáv Husák among them).

Alexander Dubček

DubčekAlexander DubcekDubcek
After the ending of the Antonín Novotný regime, in the period known as the Prague Spring, Svoboda was elected President of Czechoslovakia on 30 March 1968, on the recommendation of Alexander Dubček, the First Secretary.
"Dubček! Svoboda!"

Eastern Front (World War II)

Eastern FrontGreat Patriotic WarWorld War II
Svoboda was appointed Minister of Defense while being welcomed as a hero of the Eastern Front.

Hero of the Soviet Union

Heroes of the Soviet UnionGold StarHeroine of the Soviet Union
Svoboda was also awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (on 24 November 1965 ), and Hero of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (being awarded the latter title again in 1970 and 1975).
Ludvík Svoboda – communist president of Czechoslovakia and army general, commander of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps

Antonín Novotný

NovotnýAntonín Novotný Jr.Novotny
After the ending of the Antonín Novotný regime, in the period known as the Prague Spring, Svoboda was elected President of Czechoslovakia on 30 March 1968, on the recommendation of Alexander Dubček, the First Secretary.

Medal "For the Liberation of Prague"

For the Liberation of Pragueliberation of Prague
Medal "For the Liberation of Prague" (1945)
Czechoslovak General Ludvík Svoboda

Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"

Medal "For the Victory Over Germany"Medal For the Victory Over GermanyFor Victory over Germany
Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" (1945)
General in command of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, Ludvík Svoboda (Czechoslovakia)

List of Presidents of Czechoslovakia

PresidentPresident of CzechoslovakiaPresidents
After the ending of the Antonín Novotný regime, in the period known as the Prague Spring, Svoboda was elected President of Czechoslovakia on 30 March 1968, on the recommendation of Alexander Dubček, the First Secretary. He fought in both World Wars, for which he was regarded as a national hero, and he later served as President of Czechoslovakia from 1968 to 1975.

Order of the People's Hero

People's Hero of YugoslaviaPeople's Heronational hero
In 1946 he was awarded the title People's Hero of Yugoslavia.
Ludvík Svoboda

Ústí massacre

Ústí (Aussig) massacre
* Ústí massacre
The next day, 1 August, the government of Czechoslovakia established an investigation commission led by General Ludvík Svoboda.

2,500 year celebration of the Persian Empire

2500th Anniversary of the founding of the Persian EmpireCommemorative Medal of the 2,500 year Celebration of the Persian Empire2,500 year celebration of Iran's monarchy
Commemorative Medal of the 2500th Anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire (14/10/1971).

1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in the USSR

Czechoslovakia1st Czechoslovak Army CorpsCzechoslovak army
As a commander he also led troops of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in the Battle of the Dukla Pass in the fall of 1944 when, after a very heavy fighting, this unit managed to cross the Czechoslovak state border for the first time. After the outbreak of the German offensive against the Soviet Union, Svoboda became head of the Czechoslovak military units on the Eastern Front.
Ludvík Svoboda (10. 9. 1944 – 3. 4. 1945)

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
Ludvík Svoboda (25 November 1895 – 20 September 1979) was a Czechoslovak general and politician.

Velké Meziříčí

Groß MeseritschGroß-Meseritsch
Ludvík Svoboda attended Agricultural school at Velké Meziříčí and worked at Vineyard.