Ludwig van Beethoven

BeethovenBeethoven’sBeethoven, Ludwig vanLudwig von BeethovenBeethovenianL. v. BeethovenL. van Beethoventhe composer BeethovenLudwig
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.wikipedia
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Romantic music

RomanticRomanticismRomantic era
A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in classical music, he remains one of the most recognised and influential of all composers.
Famous early Romantic composers include Beethoven (whose works span both this period and the preceding Classical period), Schubert, Schumann, Chopin, Mendelssohn, Bellini, and Berlioz.

Violin concerto

violin concerticoncertoviolin
His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies; 5 piano concertos; 1 violin concerto; 32 piano sonatas; 16 string quartets; a mass, the Missa solemnis; and an opera, Fidelio.
Many major composers have contributed to the violin concerto repertoire, with the best known works including those by Bach, Bartók, Beethoven, Brahms, Bruch, Mendelssohn, Mozart, Paganini, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky, Dvorak and Vivaldi.

Classical music

classicalWestern classical musicWestern classical
A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in classical music, he remains one of the most recognised and influential of all composers.
The term "classical music" did not appear until the early 19th century, in an attempt to distinctly canonize the period from Johann Sebastian Bach to Ludwig van Beethoven as a golden age.

Fidelio

LeonoreFlorestanDon Pizarro
His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies; 5 piano concertos; 1 violin concerto; 32 piano sonatas; 16 string quartets; a mass, the Missa solemnis; and an opera, Fidelio.
72, is Ludwig van Beethoven's only opera.

String quartet

string quartetsquartetstring ensemble
His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies; 5 piano concertos; 1 violin concerto; 32 piano sonatas; 16 string quartets; a mass, the Missa solemnis; and an opera, Fidelio.
Quartet composition flourished in the Classical era, with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert following Haydn in each writing a number of quartets.

Bonn

Bonn, GermanyBonn-BeuelBonn, West Germany
Beethoven was born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire. Beethoven was the grandson of Ludwig van Beethoven (1712–1773), a musician from the town of Mechelen in the Austrian Duchy of Brabant (in what is now the Flemish region of Belgium) who had moved to Bonn the age of 21. Ludwig was employed as a bass singer at the court of the Elector of Cologne, eventually rising to become, in 1761, Kapellmeister (music director) and thereafter the pre-eminent musician in Bonn.
Composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn in 1770.

Symphony

symphoniessymphonicsymphonic works
His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies; 5 piano concertos; 1 violin concerto; 32 piano sonatas; 16 string quartets; a mass, the Missa solemnis; and an opera, Fidelio.
A small number of symphonies also contain vocal parts (e.g., Beethoven's Ninth Symphony).

Ludwig van Beethoven (1712–1773)

Ludwig van BeethovenLodewijk or Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven was the grandson of Ludwig van Beethoven (1712–1773), a musician from the town of Mechelen in the Austrian Duchy of Brabant (in what is now the Flemish region of Belgium) who had moved to Bonn the age of 21. Ludwig was employed as a bass singer at the court of the Elector of Cologne, eventually rising to become, in 1761, Kapellmeister (music director) and thereafter the pre-eminent musician in Bonn.
Ludwig van Beethoven the Elder, also Ludovicus van Beethoven, born Lodewijk van Beethoven (January 5, 1712 – December 24, 1773) was a professional singer and music director, best known as the grandfather of the composer Ludwig van Beethoven.

Joseph Haydn

HaydnFranz Joseph HaydnJ. Haydn
At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist.
He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a tutor of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

Johann van Beethoven

JohannLodewijk van Beethovenvan Beethoven's grandfather
He displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe.
He is best known as the father of the celebrated composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827).

Pianist

concert pianistclassical pianistpianists
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Composers Beethoven and Clementi from the classical era were also famed for their playing, as were, from the romantic era, Liszt, Brahms, Chopin, Mendelssohn and Rachmaninoff.

Kaspar Anton Karl van Beethoven

KasparKaspar Anton KarlCarl
Kaspar Anton Karl was born on 8 April 1774, and Nikolaus Johann, the youngest, was born on 2 October 1776.
Kaspar Anton Karl van Beethoven (baptized 8 April 1774 – 15 November 1815) is remembered to history as the brother of the celebrated composer Ludwig van Beethoven.

Piano sonata

sonatassonataSonata For Piano
His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies; 5 piano concertos; 1 violin concerto; 32 piano sonatas; 16 string quartets; a mass, the Missa solemnis; and an opera, Fidelio.
All the well-known Classical era composers, especially Joseph Haydn, Muzio Clementi, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven, wrote many piano sonatas.

Maria Magdalena Keverich

mother
Johann married Maria Magdalena Keverich in 1767; she was the daughter of Johann Heinrich Keverich (1701–1751), who had been the head chef at the court of the Archbishopric of Trier.
Maria Magdalena Keverich (19 December 1746 – 17 July 1787 ) was the mother of the composer Ludwig van Beethoven.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

MozartW. A. MozartW.A. Mozart
Johann, aware of Leopold Mozart's successes in this area (with his son Wolfgang and daughter Nannerl), attempted to promote his son as a child prodigy, claiming that Beethoven was six (he was seven) on the posters for his first public performance in March 1778.
Ludwig van Beethoven composed his own early works in the shadow of Mozart, and Joseph Haydn wrote: "posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years".

Anton Reicha

Antonín RejchaReichaAntoine Reicha
He also befriended Anton Reicha, a flautist and violinist of about his own age who was a nephew of the court orchestra's conductor, Josef Reicha.
A contemporary and lifelong friend of Beethoven, he is now best remembered for his substantial early contributions to the wind quintet literature and his role as teacher of pupils including Franz Liszt, Hector Berlioz and César Franck.

Opera

opera singeroperasoperatic
His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies; 5 piano concertos; 1 violin concerto; 32 piano sonatas; 16 string quartets; a mass, the Missa solemnis; and an opera, Fidelio.
The tradition was developed in the 19th century by Beethoven with his Fidelio, inspired by the climate of the French Revolution.

Beethoven and Mozart

study with Mozarttheir relationshipwhether the two composers ever met
The details of their relationship are uncertain, including whether they actually met.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had a powerful influence on the work of Ludwig van Beethoven.

Symphony No. 3 (Beethoven)

EroicaSymphony No. 3Third Symphony
Musicologists have identified a theme similar to those of his Third Symphony in a set of variations written in 1791.
The Symphony No. 3 in E major, Op. 55, (also Italian Sinfonia Eroica, Heroic Symphony) is a symphony in four movements by Ludwig van Beethoven.

Three Piano Sonatas, WoO 47 (Beethoven)

first three piano sonatasKurfürstensonataspiano sonatas
His first three piano sonatas, named "Kurfürst" ("Elector") for their dedication to the Elector Maximilian Friedrich (1708–1784), were published in 1783.
The Three Early Piano Sonatas, WoO 47, "Kurfürstensonaten" were composed by Ludwig van Beethoven in 1782 and 1783, when he was twelve and thirteen years old.

Johannes Brahms

BrahmsBrahms, JohannesJ. Brahms
But they were, according to Brahms, distinctively "Beethoven through and through" and as such prophetic of the tragic style which would mark his music as distinct from the classical tradition.
His reputation and status as a composer are such that he is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs" of music, a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow.

Count Ferdinand Ernst Gabriel von Waldstein

Count Ferdinand Ernst von WaldsteinCount Ferdinand von WaldsteinFerdinand Ernst Gabriel von Waldstein
He also came to the attention of Count Ferdinand von Waldstein, who became a lifelong friend and financial supporter.
A member of the Bohemian House of Waldstein and an early patron of Ludwig van Beethoven, his political and military roles included the office of a Geheimrat in Bonn, commander (Komtur) of the Teutonic Order, and (briefly) colonel of a light infantry regiment that he had raised.

WoO

Kinsky-Halm CatalogueWoO 5
Neefe taught him composition, and by March 1783 had helped him write his first published composition: a set of keyboard variations (WoO 63).
Werke ohne Opuszahl ("Works without opus number") (WoO), also Kinsky–Halm Catalogue, is a German musical catalogue prepared in 1955 by Georg Kinsky and Hans Halm, listing all of the compositions of Ludwig van Beethoven that were not originally published with an opus number, or survived only as fragments.

Ignaz Schuppanzigh

SchuppanzighSchuppanzigh quartet
He also studied violin under Ignaz Schuppanzigh.
Ignaz Schuppanzigh (20 July 1776 – 2 March 1830) was an Austrian violinist, friend and teacher of Beethoven, and leader of Count Razumovsky's private string quartet.

Antonio Salieri

SalieriSalieri, AntonioAntonio Salieri, Hofkompositeur
Early in this period, he also began receiving occasional instruction from Antonio Salieri, primarily in Italian vocal composition style; this relationship persisted until at least 1802, and possibly as late as 1809.
Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, and Ludwig van Beethoven were among the most famous of his pupils.