Lufthansa Flight 649

Flight 649HijackingHijacking of Lufthansa Flight 649
The hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 649 was an act of terrorism committed by a Palestinian group that took place between 22 and 23 February 1972.wikipedia
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Lufthansa

Lufthansa GroupLufthansa AirlinesDeutsche Lufthansa
Flight 649 was a scheduled Lufthansa service on the Tokyo-Hong Kong-Bangkok-Delhi-Athens-Frankfurt route, which was operated once a week, leaving Tokyo-Haneda Airport on Monday afternoons and arriving at Frankfurt Airport the next morning.
On February 22, Flight 649, a Boeing 747-200 (registered D-ABYD) with 172 passengers and 15 crew members on board was hijacked en route from Delhi to Athens (as part of a multi-leg flight from Tokyo to Frankfurt) by five Palestinian terrorists who thus wanted to press a $5 million ransom from the German government. The aircraft landed at Aden International Airport, and the hostages were released on the following day once the demands of the perpetrators were accepted.

Joseph P. Kennedy II

Joseph Kennedy IIJoe KennedyJoe Kennedy II
On 23 February, once the hijackers had been informed that the ransom had indeed been paid, the male passengers (among them Joseph Kennedy, the then 19-year-old son of Robert F. Kennedy) were allowed to leave the hijacked aircraft and board the Boeing 707 Lufthansa had flown to Aden to pick them up with, but this aircraft also had to stay on the ground for another three hours.
On February 22, 1972, Kennedy was on Lufthansa Flight 649 when it was hijacked.

Aden International Airport

Aden AirportAdenAden International
Once the hijackers learned that the Lufthansa crew considered such a maneuvre to be too dangerous, they agreed on heading to Aden International Airport instead, in what was then South Yemen.
On 22 February 1972, hijacked Lufthansa Flight 649, a Boeing 747–200, was diverted to the airport. Once a ransom of $5 million was paid, all 187 hostages were released on the following day.

Lod Airport massacre

attack1972 attack at Lod Airport1972 Lod Airport massacre
West German news magazine Der Spiegel speculated that the remainder of the ransom had been used by the PFLP to fund the Japanese attackers responsible for the Lod Airport massacre, which took place on 30 May 1972.
In the immediate aftermath, news magazine Der Spiegel speculated that funding had been provided by some of the $5 million ransom paid by the West German government in exchange for the hostages of hijacked Lufthansa Flight 649 in February 1972.

Lufthansa Flight 181

LandshutFlight 181Mogadishu
This accusation, combined with allegations of appeasement efforts towards the Arab–Israeli conflict, were debunked in 1977 when Lufthansa Flight 181 (the Landshut) was stormed by special forces of GSG 9, rather than negotiating with the Palestinian hijackers.
After the Landshut crisis the German government stated that it would never again negotiate with terrorists (as it previously had with the Lufthansa Flight 649 and 615 hijackers).

Lufthansa Flight 615

Flight 615615a Lufthansa jet was hijacked
The hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 649 marked the first such event in the history of the airline and the beginning of a series of Palestinian acts of violence involving West Germany during 1972, most notably the hostage crisis during the Munich Summer Olympics and the subsequent hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 615.
Lufthansa Flight 649: Another hijacking that had happened earlier in 1972 and concluded with the West German government paying a $5 million ransom.

Aircraft hijacking

hijackedhijackinghijack
The hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 649 was an act of terrorism committed by a Palestinian group that took place between 22 and 23 February 1972.

Palestinian political violence

Palestinian militant acts and operationsPalestinian Arab terror attackPalestinian fedayeen terror attack
The hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 649 was an act of terrorism committed by a Palestinian group that took place between 22 and 23 February 1972.

Boeing 747

747Boeing 747-200Boeing 747-100
Eventually, all hostages on board the seized Boeing 747-200 were released when the West German government paid a ransom of US$5 million. On Tuesday, 22 February 1972, the Boeing 747-200 serving the flight (registered D-ABYD) was hijacked by five men who were armed with guns and explosives.

West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermany
Eventually, all hostages on board the seized Boeing 747-200 were released when the West German government paid a ransom of US$5 million.

Bangkok

Bangkok, ThailandKrung ThepBMTA bus
Flight 649 was a scheduled Lufthansa service on the Tokyo-Hong Kong-Bangkok-Delhi-Athens-Frankfurt route, which was operated once a week, leaving Tokyo-Haneda Airport on Monday afternoons and arriving at Frankfurt Airport the next morning.

Delhi

National Capital Territory of DelhiNational Capital TerritoryDelhi, India
Flight 649 was a scheduled Lufthansa service on the Tokyo-Hong Kong-Bangkok-Delhi-Athens-Frankfurt route, which was operated once a week, leaving Tokyo-Haneda Airport on Monday afternoons and arriving at Frankfurt Airport the next morning.

Athens

AthenianAtheniansAthens, Greece
Flight 649 was a scheduled Lufthansa service on the Tokyo-Hong Kong-Bangkok-Delhi-Athens-Frankfurt route, which was operated once a week, leaving Tokyo-Haneda Airport on Monday afternoons and arriving at Frankfurt Airport the next morning.

Frankfurt

Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt, GermanyFrankfort
Flight 649 was a scheduled Lufthansa service on the Tokyo-Hong Kong-Bangkok-Delhi-Athens-Frankfurt route, which was operated once a week, leaving Tokyo-Haneda Airport on Monday afternoons and arriving at Frankfurt Airport the next morning.

Haneda Airport

Tokyo International AirportHaneda International AirportHaneda
Flight 649 was a scheduled Lufthansa service on the Tokyo-Hong Kong-Bangkok-Delhi-Athens-Frankfurt route, which was operated once a week, leaving Tokyo-Haneda Airport on Monday afternoons and arriving at Frankfurt Airport the next morning.

Frankfurt Airport

FrankfurtFrankfurt, GermanyFrankfurt am Main International Airport
Flight 649 was a scheduled Lufthansa service on the Tokyo-Hong Kong-Bangkok-Delhi-Athens-Frankfurt route, which was operated once a week, leaving Tokyo-Haneda Airport on Monday afternoons and arriving at Frankfurt Airport the next morning.

Aircraft registration

registeredregistrationtail number
On Tuesday, 22 February 1972, the Boeing 747-200 serving the flight (registered D-ABYD) was hijacked by five men who were armed with guns and explosives.

Indira Gandhi International Airport

DelhiDelhi AirportNew Delhi
The initial assault happened at around 1:00 a.m., half an hour after the aircraft with 172 other passengers and 15 crew members had departed Delhi-Palam Airport. It was later determined that the perpetrators, who identified themselves as Organisation for Resisting Zionist Persecution were commandeered by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and had boarded the flight at different airports, one at Hong Kong-Kai Tak, two at Bangkok-Don Muang, and two at Delhi-Palam.

Zionism

ZionistZionistsZionist movement
It was later determined that the perpetrators, who identified themselves as Organisation for Resisting Zionist Persecution were commandeered by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and had boarded the flight at different airports, one at Hong Kong-Kai Tak, two at Bangkok-Don Muang, and two at Delhi-Palam.

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine

PFLPPalestinian militantsPopular Front
It was later determined that the perpetrators, who identified themselves as Organisation for Resisting Zionist Persecution were commandeered by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and had boarded the flight at different airports, one at Hong Kong-Kai Tak, two at Bangkok-Don Muang, and two at Delhi-Palam.

Kai Tak Airport

Kai Tak International AirportKai TakHong Kong
It was later determined that the perpetrators, who identified themselves as Organisation for Resisting Zionist Persecution were commandeered by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and had boarded the flight at different airports, one at Hong Kong-Kai Tak, two at Bangkok-Don Muang, and two at Delhi-Palam.

Don Mueang International Airport

BangkokDon Mueang AirportDon Mueang
It was later determined that the perpetrators, who identified themselves as Organisation for Resisting Zionist Persecution were commandeered by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and had boarded the flight at different airports, one at Hong Kong-Kai Tak, two at Bangkok-Don Muang, and two at Delhi-Palam.

Arabian Desert

ArabianEastern DesertDesert
Initially, the pilot was ordered to land the 747 at an unprepared airstrip in the Arabian Desert.

South Yemen

South Yemen (People's Democratic Republic of Yemen)People's Democratic Republic of YemenPeople's Republic of South Yemen
Once the hijackers learned that the Lufthansa crew considered such a maneuvre to be too dangerous, they agreed on heading to Aden International Airport instead, in what was then South Yemen.

Cologne

KölnCologne, GermanyKöln, Germany
A few hours after the hijacking had commenced, a note was received at the Lufthansa headquarters in Cologne: the aircraft would be blown up by 9:00 a.m. on the following day if a ransom of US$5 million had not been paid by then.