Luftwaffe

German Air ForceGermanair forceGerman LuftwaffeGerman aircraftDeutsche LuftwaffeGerman bombersLuftstreitkräfteair raidsAxis aviation
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II. Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.wikipedia
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Wehrmacht

German ArmyGermanGerman forces
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II. As all such prior NSFK members were also Nazi Party members, this gave the new Luftwaffe a strong Nazi ideological base in contrast to the other branches of the Wehrmacht (the Heer (Army) and Kriegsmarine (Navy)).
It consisted of the Heer (army), the Kriegsmarine (navy) and the Luftwaffe (air force).

Condor Legion

Legion CondorCondor'' LegionGerman
The Condor Legion, a Luftwaffe detachment sent to aid Nationalist forces in the Spanish Civil War, provided the force with a valuable testing ground for new tactics and aircraft.
The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.

Battle of Britain

Britainair battle with GermanyBattle of Britain Day
During the Battle of Britain, however, despite inflicting severe damage to the RAF's infrastructure and, during the subsequent Blitz, devastating many British cities, the German air force failed to batter the beleaguered British into submission.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.

The Blitz

BlitzLondon Blitzbombing of London
During the Battle of Britain, however, despite inflicting severe damage to the RAF's infrastructure and, during the subsequent Blitz, devastating many British cities, the German air force failed to batter the beleaguered British into submission.
The Germans conducted mass air attacks against industrial targets, towns, and cities, beginning with raids on London towards the end of the Battle of Britain in 1940 (a battle for daylight air superiority between the Luftwaffe and the Royal Air Force over the United Kingdom).

Western Front (World War II)

Western FrontChannel FrontNorth West Europe
In addition to its service in the West, the Luftwaffe operated over the Soviet Union, North Africa and Southern Europe.
German deployments to the Western Front (including North Africa and Italy) reached levels as high as approximately 40% of their ground forces, and 75% of the Luftwaffe.

Operation Bodenplatte

Operation ''BodenplatteUnternehmen BodenplatteBodenplatte
In January 1945, during the closing stages of the Battle of the Bulge, the Luftwaffe made a last-ditch effort to win air superiority, and met with failure.
Operation Bodenplatte (Baseplate), launched on 1 January 1945, was an attempt by the Luftwaffe to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries during the Second World War.

Marineflieger

Marine-FliegerabteilungNaval Air Commandnaval aviation
Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.
Between the wars, naval aviation, the Seeflieger was absorbed by Goering's Luftwaffe in 1935.

Battle of the Bulge

Ardennes OffensiveArdennes-AlsaceArdennes-Alsace Campaign
In January 1945, during the closing stages of the Battle of the Bulge, the Luftwaffe made a last-ditch effort to win air superiority, and met with failure.
German personnel and, later, Luftwaffe aircraft (in the concluding stages of the engagement) also sustained heavy losses.

War crimes of the Wehrmacht

Nazi war crimeswar crimesBarbarossa Jurisdiction Order
The Luftwaffe was deeply involved in Nazi war crimes.
During World War II, the Germans' combined armed forces (Heer, Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe) committed systematic war crimes, including massacres, mass rape, looting, the exploitation of forced labor, the murder of three million Soviet prisoners of war, and participated in the extermination of Jews.

Hermann Göring

GöringHermann GoeringGoering
The Luftwaffe had only two commanders-in-chief throughout its history: Hermann Göring and later Generalfeldmarschall Robert Ritter von Greim for the last two weeks of the war. Hermann Göring, a World War I ace, became National Kommissar for aviation with former Luft Hansa director Erhard Milch as his deputy.
He was appointed commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe (air force), a position he held until the final days of the regime.

Oberkommando der Luftwaffe

Luftwaffe High CommandOKLHigh Command
The Oberkommando der Luftwaffe organized Nazi human experimentation, and Luftwaffe ground troops committed massacres in Italy, Greece, and Poland.
The Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (OKL), translated as the High Command of the Air Force, was the high command of the Luftwaffe.

Luftwaffe Field Divisions

Luftwaffe Field Division16th Luftwaffe Field Divisionsuch divisions
From late 1942, the Luftwaffe used its surplus ground, support and other personnel to raise Luftwaffe Field Divisions.
The head of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Göring, formulated an alternative plan to raise his own infantry formations under the command of Luftwaffe officers; this was at least partly due to political differences with the Heer.

Robert Ritter von Greim

Robert von GreimRitter von Greimalmost until the end
The Luftwaffe had only two commanders-in-chief throughout its history: Hermann Göring and later Generalfeldmarschall Robert Ritter von Greim for the last two weeks of the war.
In April 1945, in the last days of World War II, Adolf Hitler appointed Greim commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) after Hermann Göring had been dismissed for treason.

Royal Air Force

RAFairmanR.A.F.
During the Battle of Britain, however, despite inflicting severe damage to the RAF's infrastructure and, during the subsequent Blitz, devastating many British cities, the German air force failed to batter the beleaguered British into submission.
In the Battle of Britain in 1940, the RAF defended the skies over Britain against the numerically superior German Luftwaffe.

Luftstreitkräfte

LuftstreitkrafteImperial German Air ServiceFliegertruppe
Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.
During this time the system of organisation and unit designations evolved that would form the basis of those used in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany, when it was revealed in 1935.

Erhard Milch

Field Marshal Erhard MilchField Marshal MilchLuftwaffe Inspector-General Field Marshal Milch
Hermann Göring, a World War I ace, became National Kommissar for aviation with former Luft Hansa director Erhard Milch as his deputy.
Erhard Milch (30 March 1892 – 25 January 1972) was a German field marshal who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe as part of the re-armament of Nazi Germany following World War I.

Ernst Udet

Dr.-Ing. h.c. Ernst UdetUdet Flugzeugbau
The air war on the Western Front received the most attention in the annals of the earliest accounts of military aviation, since it produced aces such as Manfred von Richthofen and Ernst Udet, Oswald Boelcke, and Max Immelmann. Göring appointed his successor Albert Kesselring as Chief of Staff and Ernst Udet to head the Reich's Air Ministry Technical Office (Technisches Amt), although he was not a technical expert.
In 1933, Udet joined the Nazi Party and became involved in the early development of the Luftwaffe, where he was appointed director of research and development.

Kriegsmarine

GermanGerman NavyNavy
As all such prior NSFK members were also Nazi Party members, this gave the new Luftwaffe a strong Nazi ideological base in contrast to the other branches of the Wehrmacht (the Heer (Army) and Kriegsmarine (Navy)).
The Kriegsmarine was one of three official branches, along with the Heer (Army) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force) of the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces from 1933 to 1945.

Fallschirmjäger

paratroopersGerman paratroopersGerman paratroops
The Luftwaffe also operated Fallschirmjäger paratrooper units.
During World War II, the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) raised a variety of airborne light infantry (Fallschirmjäger) units.

Walther Wever (general)

Walther WeverWalter WeverGeneral Walther Wever
Wilberg remained in the air staff, and under Walther Wever helped draw up the Luftwaffes principle doctrinal texts, "The Conduct of the Aerial War" and "Regulation 16".
Walther Wever (11 November 1887 – 3 June 1936) was a pre-World War II Luftwaffe Commander.

Heinkel He 177

He 177He 177BHe 177A
The only design submittal for Wever's 'Bomber A' that reached production was Heinkel's Projekt 1041, which culminated in the production and frontline service as Germany's only operational heavy bomber, the Heinkel He 177, on 5 November 1937, the date on which it received its RLM airframe number.
The Heinkel He 177 Greif (Griffin) was a long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II.

Heinkel

Heinkel FlugzeugwerkeErnst Heinkel FlugzeugwerkeHeinkels
The only design submittal for Wever's 'Bomber A' that reached production was Heinkel's Projekt 1041, which culminated in the production and frontline service as Germany's only operational heavy bomber, the Heinkel He 177, on 5 November 1937, the date on which it received its RLM airframe number.
It is noted for producing bomber aircraft for the Luftwaffe in World War II and for important contributions to high-speed flight, with the pioneering examples of a successful liquid-fueled rocket and a turbojet-powered aircraft in aviation history, with both Heinkel designs' first flights occurring shortly before the outbreak of World War II in Europe.

Albert Kesselring

KesselringField Marshal KesselringAlbert von Kesselring
Göring appointed his successor Albert Kesselring as Chief of Staff and Ernst Udet to head the Reich's Air Ministry Technical Office (Technisches Amt), although he was not a technical expert.
Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Generalfeldmarschall of the Luftwaffe during World War II who was subsequently convicted of war crimes.

Battle of France

Fall of FranceFranceinvasion of France
The Luftwaffe proved instrumental in the German victories across Poland and Western Europe in 1939 and 1940.
Germany had mobilised 4,200,000 men of the Heer, 1,000,000 of the Luftwaffe, 180,000 of the Kriegsmarine, and 100,000 of the Waffen-SS.

Ural bomber

a long range four engined strategic bomberaerial bombardmentoriginal heavy bomber
In May 1934, Wever initiated a seven-year project to develop the so-called "Ural bomber", which could strike as far as into the heart of the Soviet Union.
The Ural bomber was the initial aircraft design program/competition to develop a long-range bomber for the Luftwaffe, created and led by General Walther Wever in the early 1930s.