Lugol's iodine

Lugol's solutionIodine potassium-iodideLugolLugol’s iodineaqueous iodineiodine solutionLugol's iodine solutionLugol’s solution
Lugol's iodine, also known as aqueous iodine and strong iodine solution, is a solution of potassium iodide with iodine in water.wikipedia
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Iodine

II 2 iodinated
Lugol's iodine, also known as aqueous iodine and strong iodine solution, is a solution of potassium iodide with iodine in water.
Solutions with high elemental iodine concentration, such as tincture of iodine and Lugol's solution, are capable of causing tissue damage if used in prolonged cleaning or antisepsis; similarly, liquid Povidone-iodine (Betadine) trapped against the skin resulted in chemical burns in some reported cases.

Colposcopy

colposcopecolposcopiccervical exam
Acetic acid solution and iodine solution (Lugol's or Schiller's) are applied to the surface to improve visualization of abnormal areas.

Iodine deficiency

iodineiodine deficiency disordersIodine-deficiency
Taken by mouth it is used to treat thyrotoxicosis until surgery can be carried out, protect the thyroid gland from radioactive iodine, and to treat iodine deficiency.

Graves' disease

Graves diseaseGrave's diseaseGraves’ disease
Lugol's iodine may be used to block hormone synthesis before surgery.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines

World Health Organization's List of Essential MedicinesList of Essential MedicinesModel List of Essential Medicines
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.

Jean Guillaume Auguste Lugol

Jean Lugol
Lugol's iodine was first made in 1829 by the French physician Jean Lugol.
He suggested that his iodine solution could be used to treat tuberculosis.

Schiller's test

SchillerSchiller test
When Schiller's iodine is not available, Lugol's iodine can be used as an alternative.

Staining

stainstainedstains
Lugol's solution or Lugol's iodine (IKI) is a brown solution that turns black in the presence of starches and can be used as a cell stain, making the cell nuclei more visible.

Tincture of iodine

Iodine solutioniodine
It is not to be confused with tincture of iodine solutions, which consist of elemental iodine, and iodide salts dissolved in water and alcohol.
As in the case of Lugol's iodine, the role of iodide in the solution is to increase the solubility of the elemental iodine, by turning it to the soluble triiodide anion I 3 −.

Potassium iodide

KISSKIPotassium iodide (KI)
Lugol's iodine, also known as aqueous iodine and strong iodine solution, is a solution of potassium iodide with iodine in water.
, "Lugol's solution", is used as a disinfectant and as an etchant for gold surfaces.

Melzer's reagent

iodineiodine stainMeltzer's iodine
To cope with the problems procuring chloral hydrate, Rutgers scientists have developed a working substitute for use in Microscopy known as Visikol™, which is compatible with Lugol's iodine, forming an easy to get but mediocre replacement for Melzer's.

Antiseptic

antisepsisantisepticsgermicide
Until 2007, in the United States, Lugol's solution was unregulated and available over the counter as a general reagent, an antiseptic, a preservative, or as a medicament for human or veterinary application.

Wolff–Chaikoff effect

Wolff-Chaikoff effectWolf-Chaikoff
It was historically used as a first line treatment for hyperthyroidism, as the administration of pharmacologic amounts of iodine leads to temporary inhibition of iodine organification in the thyroid gland, a phenomenon called the Wolff-Chaikoff effect.

Triiodide

RbI 3 triiodide (I 3 )triiodide anion
The iodide combines with elemental iodine to form a high concentration of potassium triiodide (KI 3 ) solution.
Lugol's iodine contains potassium iodide and a stoichiometric amount of elemental iodine, so that significant amounts of triiodide ion exist in this solution.

Verhoeff's stain

Verhoeff’s StainVerhoeff's HaematoxylinVerhoeff–Van Gieson stain

Disinfectant

disinfectiondisinfectantsdisinfect
It is a medication and disinfectant used for a number of purposes.

Thyroid

thyroid glandthyroid folliclethyroid function
Taken by mouth it is used to treat thyrotoxicosis until surgery can be carried out, protect the thyroid gland from radioactive iodine, and to treat iodine deficiency.

Isotopes of iodine

radioactive iodineradioiodineiodine-124
Taken by mouth it is used to treat thyrotoxicosis until surgery can be carried out, protect the thyroid gland from radioactive iodine, and to treat iodine deficiency.

Cervix

cervicalcervical mucuscervix uteri
When applied to the cervix it is used to help in screening for cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer

cervicalcervical carcinomacervix
When applied to the cervix it is used to help in screening for cervical cancer.

Wound

lacerationlacerationswounds
As a disinfectant it may be applied to small wounds such as a needle stick injury.

Needlestick injury

needlestick injuriesneedle stick injuryneedle sticks
As a disinfectant it may be applied to small wounds such as a needle stick injury.

Drinking water

potable waterpotableclean water
A small amount may also be used for emergency disinfection of drinking water.

Allergy

allergiesallergic reactionallergic
Side effects may include allergic reactions, headache, vomiting, and inflammation of the whites of the eyes.

Headache

headacheschronic headacheheadach
Side effects may include allergic reactions, headache, vomiting, and inflammation of the whites of the eyes.