Luis Somoza Debayle

Luis SomozaLuisLuis Anastasio Somoza DebaylePresident Somoza
Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle (18 November 1922 – 13 April 1967) was the 26th President of Nicaragua from 21 September 1956 to 1 May 1963, but was effectively dictator of the country from 1956 until his death.wikipedia
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Nicaragua

NicaraguanRepublic of NicaraguaNIC
Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle (18 November 1922 – 13 April 1967) was the 26th President of Nicaragua from 21 September 1956 to 1 May 1963, but was effectively dictator of the country from 1956 until his death.
Luis Somoza Debayle, the eldest son of the late president, was appointed president by the congress and officially took charge of the country.

Anastasio Somoza Debayle

Anastasio SomozaSomozaAnastasio
At the age of 14, he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island. His brother, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, headed the National Guard and was the second most powerful man in the country during his older brother's rule.
He and older brother Luis Somoza Debayle, both attended St. Leo College Prep (Florida) and La Salle Military Academy (Long Island).

Anastasio Somoza García

Anastasio SomozaSomozaAnastasio Somoza Garcia
Following the assassination of his father, Anastasio Somoza García, Luis was tapped as acting president, and was elected president in his own right later that year.
His eldest son Luis Somoza Debayle, who was Speaker of the House at the time of Somoza Garcia's death, took over and was elected in his own right in 1957 to serve until 1963, to be succeeded by Dr. Rene Schick who served until his death in 1966.

La Salle Military Academy

Clason Point Military AcademyLaSalle Military Academy
At the age of 14, he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island.
La Salle was the school of numerous famous people, including Hollywood movie director John Frankenheimer, former New Hampshire Governor and White House Chief of Staff John H. Sununu, two Nicaraguan Presidents, Luis Somoza Debayle and his younger brother, the more notorious dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle, and former U.S. Congressman from New York John M. Murphy (1971 graduation speaker), in addition to Bill Donohue, the President of the Catholic League.

Phi Sigma Alpha

Fi Sigma AlfaCasa Club SigmaFraternidad Fi Sigma Alfa
Luis was then educated at Louisiana State University, where he was a member of Fi Sigma Alfa Hispanic fraternity.

National Congress of Nicaragua

Chamber of Deputies of NicaraguaNational CongressSenate
Luis Somoza was the president of the lower chamber of National Congress of Nicaragua 1950-1953 and 1954-1956, and the president of the Senate 1965-1966.

National Guard (Nicaragua)

National GuardNicaraguan National GuardGuardia Nacional
His brother, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, headed the National Guard and was the second most powerful man in the country during his older brother's rule.
In September 1956, Somoza Garcia was fatally shot by a young dissident poet, Rigoberto López Pérez, and was succeeded in the presidency by his elder son, Luis Somoza Debayle, while his youngest son Anastasio Somoza Debayle, a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point became the Chief Director of the National Guard.

Bay of Pigs Invasion

Bay of PigsinvasionThe Bay of Pigs Invasion
During the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he allowed the CIA-trained Cuban rebels to embark from Puerto Cabezas, on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast.
Facilities and limited logistical assistance were provided by the governments of General Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes in Guatemala, and General Luis Somoza Debayle in Nicaragua, but no military personnel or equipment of those nations was directly employed in the conflict.

René Schick

René Schick GutiérrezRene SchickDr. Rene Schick
René Schick Gutiérrez (23 November 1909 – 3 August 1966) was President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1963 to 3 August 1966, but was considered a puppet politician of Luis Somoza.

Sandinista National Liberation Front

SandinistaSandinistasFSLN
The Sandinistas began their struggle against the government in 1963—a struggle that would oust his brother in 1979.
In the following several years, the FSLN tried with little success to organize guerrilla warfare against the government of Luis Somoza Debayle.

President of Nicaragua

PresidentHead of State of NicaraguaNicaraguan President
Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle (18 November 1922 – 13 April 1967) was the 26th President of Nicaragua from 21 September 1956 to 1 May 1963, but was effectively dictator of the country from 1956 until his death.

Dictator

dictatorialdictatorsdictatorial powers
Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle (18 November 1922 – 13 April 1967) was the 26th President of Nicaragua from 21 September 1956 to 1 May 1963, but was effectively dictator of the country from 1956 until his death.

León, Nicaragua

LeónLeonLeon, Nicaragua
Somoza Debayle was born in León.

Saint Leo University

St. Leo UniversitySt. Leo CollegeSaint Leo
At the age of 14, he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island.

Tampa, Florida

TampaTampa, FLTampa, United States
At the age of 14, he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island.

Long Island

Long Island, New YorkLong Island, NYEastern Long Island
At the age of 14, he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island.

Louisiana State University

LSULouisiana StateLouisiana State University, Baton Rouge
Luis was then educated at Louisiana State University, where he was a member of Fi Sigma Alfa Hispanic fraternity.

Assassination

assassinassassinatedassassinate
Following the assassination of his father, Anastasio Somoza García, Luis was tapped as acting president, and was elected president in his own right later that year.

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
As a result, Luis remained the real power in Nicaragua until his death in 1967, when he suffered a massive heart attack in Managua at the age of 44.

Managua

Managua, NicaraguaManagua, ManaguaCapital of Nicaragua
As a result, Luis remained the real power in Nicaragua until his death in 1967, when he suffered a massive heart attack in Managua at the age of 44.

Central American Integration System

Central American Common MarketCentral American Court of JusticeOrganization of Central American States
Under Luis Somoza's regime, Nicaragua played a key role leading to the creation of the Central American Common Market, with the Alliance for Progress backing that common market's creation.

Alliance for Progress

Alianza para el progresoInter-American Committee on the Alliance for Progressthe entirety of U.S. economic aid to Latin America
Under Luis Somoza's regime, Nicaragua played a key role leading to the creation of the Central American Common Market, with the Alliance for Progress backing that common market's creation.

Central Intelligence Agency

CIAC.I.A.Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
During the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he allowed the CIA-trained Cuban rebels to embark from Puerto Cabezas, on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast.

Cuba

Republic of CubaCubanCUB
During the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he allowed the CIA-trained Cuban rebels to embark from Puerto Cabezas, on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast.