A woman smoking a cigarette, the most common method of tobacco smoking
Tobacco smoke in an Irish pub before a smoking ban came into effect on March 29, 2004
A chest X-ray showing a tumor in the lung (marked by arrow)
Aztec women are handed flowers and smoking tubes before eating at a banquet, Florentine Codex, 16th century.
Relationship between cigarette consumption per person (blue) and male lung cancer rates (dark yellow) in the US over the century
Gentlemen Smoking and Playing Backgammon in an Interior by Dirck Hals, 1627
Risk of death from lung cancer is strongly correlated with smoking.
Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, as shown on U.S. patent 238,640
CT scan showing a cancerous tumor in the left lung
A lengthy study conducted in order to establish the strong association necessary for legislative action (US cigarette consumption per person blue, male lung cancer rate brown)
Primary pulmonary sarcoma in an asymptomatic 72-year-old male
Tendu Patta (Leaf) collection for Beedi industries
Pie chart showing incidences of NSCLCs as compared to SCLCs shown at right, with fractions of smokers versus nonsmokers shown for each type
A graph that shows the efficiency of smoking as a way to absorb nicotine compared to other forms of intake.
Cross section of a human lung: The white area in the upper lobe is cancer; the black areas are discoloration due to smoking.
Sigmund Freud, whose doctor assisted his suicide because of oral cancer caused by smoking
Pneumonectomy specimen containing a squamous-cell carcinoma, seen as a white area near the bronchi
Common adverse effects of tobacco smoking. The more common effects are in bold face.
Brachytherapy (internal radiotherapy) for lung cancer given via the airway
Skull with a burning cigarette, by Vincent van Gogh.
Monoclonal antibodies used in the treatment of NSCLC and their mechanism of action https://doi.org/10.3390/ph13110373
An enclosed smoking area in a Japanese train station. Notice the air vent on the roof.
The main treatment arms of phase 3 clinical trials providing immunotherapy in the first line for patients with NSCLC https://doi.org/10.3390/ph13110373
Overall survival in NSCLC patients treated with protocols incorporating immunotherapy in the first line for advanced or metastatic disease. Nasser NJ, Gorenberg M, Agbarya A. Pharmaceuticals 2020, 13(11), 373;
Lung cancer, incidence, mortality, and survival, England 1971–2011
Stage IA and IB lung cancer
Stage IIA lung cancer
Stage IIB lung cancer
One option for stage IIB lung cancer, with T2b; but if tumor is within 2 cm of the carina, this is stage 3
Stage IIIA lung cancer
Stage IIIA lung cancer, if there is one feature from the list on each side
Stage IIIA lung cancer
Stage IIIB lung cancer
Stage IIIB lung cancer
Stage IV lung cancer
Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers deaths per million persons in 2012

Tobacco smoking is the practice of burning tobacco and ingesting the smoke that is produced.

- Tobacco smoking

Tobacco smoke is a sooty aerosol produced by the incomplete combustion of tobacco during the smoking of cigarettes and other tobacco products.

- Tobacco smoke

The vast majority (85%) of cases of lung cancer are due to long-term tobacco smoking.

- Lung cancer

German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II.

- Tobacco smoking

Tobacco smoke, besides being an irritant and significant indoor air pollutant, is known to cause lung cancer, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and other serious diseases in smokers (and in non-smokers as well).

- Tobacco smoke

Cigarette smoke contains at least 73 known carcinogens, including benzo[a]pyrene, NNK, 1,3-butadiene, and a radioactive isotope of polonium – polonium-210.

- Lung cancer
A woman smoking a cigarette, the most common method of tobacco smoking

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