Luoyang

ChengzhouLuoyang CityLuoyang, ChinaLuoyiLoyangLuoyang, HenanDongduLouyangLuoyang, HALuoyang, Henan, China
Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.wikipedia
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Henan

Henan ProvinceHenan, ChinaHonan
Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.
Four of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China, Luoyang, Anyang, Kaifeng and Zhengzhou, are located in Henan.

Nanyang, Henan

NanyangNanyang CityNanyang Commandery
Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast.
The city with the largest administrative area in Henan, Nanyang borders Xinyang to the southeast, Zhumadian to the east, Pingdingshan to the northeast, Luoyang to the north, Sanmenxia to the northwest, the province of Shaanxi to the west, and the province of Hubei to the south.

Historical capitals of China

capitalcapital of Chinacapitals
Situated on the central plain of China, Luoyang is one of the cradles of Chinese civilization, and is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.
The four are Beijing, Nanjing, Luoyang and Xi'an (Chang'an).

Zhengzhou

Zhengzhou, ChinaZhengzhou, HenanZhengzhou City
Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast.
There, at a place called Heyin, a vast granary complex was established to supply the capitals at Luoyang and Chang'an to the west and the frontier armies to the north.

Sanmenxia

Sanmenxia CitySanmenxia (三门峡)Shan Prefecture
Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast.
The westernmost prefecture-level city in Henan, Sanmenxia borders Luoyang to the east, Nanyang to the southeast, Shaanxi Province to the west and Shanxi Province to the north.

Yellow River

YellowHuang HeYellow River Valley
Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.
These accounts show that after the river passed Luoyang, it flowed along the border between Shanxi and Henan Provinces, then continued along the border between Hebei and Shandong before emptying into Bohai Bay near present-day Tianjin.

Pingdingshan

P'''ingdingshanAPingdingshan City
Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast.
Pingdingshan borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the north, Xuchang and Luohe to the east, Zhumadian to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, and Luoyang to the west.

Tang dynasty

TangTang ChinaTang Empire
It has been called, during various periods, "Dongdu" (东都, meaning the Eastern Capital, during the Tang dynasty), "Xijing" (西京, meaning the Western Capital, during the Song dynasty), or "Jingluo" (京洛, meaning the general capital for China).
Fighting a numerically superior army, he defeated Dou Jiande (573–621) at Luoyang in the Battle of Hulao on May 28, 621.

Jiyuan

Jiyuan, ChinaJiyuan, Henan, ChinaJi Yuan
Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast.
It borders the prefecture-level cities of Jiaozuo and Luoyang to the east and southwest respectively, as well as the province of Shanxi to the north.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
Situated on the central plain of China, Luoyang is one of the cradles of Chinese civilization, and is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.
The situation was aggravated by the invasion of other peoples from the northwest, such as the Qin, forcing the Zhou to move their capital east to Luoyang.

Jili District

Jili
As of the final 2010 census, Luoyang had a population of 6,549,941 inhabitants with 1,857,003 people living in the built-up (or metro) area made of the city's five urban districts, all of which except the Jili District are not urbanized yet.
Jili District is a district of the city of Luoyang, Henan province, China.

Jiaozuo

Jiaozuo, HenanSanyo District
Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast.
Sitting on the northern bank of the Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the south, Xinxiang to the east, Jiyuan to the west, Luoyang to the southwest, and the province of Shanxi to the north.Jiaozuo is one of the core cities of the Central Plains urban agglomeration and a regional central city in the Jin-Yu border area.link

White Horse Temple

white horseBaimaBaima Temple
In AD 68, the White Horse Temple, the first Buddhist temple in China, was founded in Luoyang.
White Horse Temple is Buddhist temple in Luoyang, China that, according to tradition, is the first Buddhist temple in China, having been first established in 68 AD under the patronage of Emperor Ming in the Eastern Han dynasty.

Emperor Guangwu of Han

Emperor GuangwuLiu XiuGuangwu
In 25 AD, Luoyang was declared the capital of the Eastern Han Dynasty on November 27 by Emperor Guangwu of Han.
He established his capital in Luoyang, 335 km east of the former capital Chang'an, ushering in the Later/Eastern Han dynasty.

Dong Zhuo

Dong MinĐổng Trác
In 190 AD, Chancellor Dong Zhuo ordered his soldiers to ransack, pillage, and raze the city as he retreated from the coalition set up against him by regional lords all across China.
He seized control of the capital Luoyang in 189 when it entered a state of turmoil following the death of Emperor Ling of Han and a massacre of the eunuch faction by the court officials led by General-in-Chief He Jin.

Wu Zetian

Empress WuEmpress Dowager WuEmpress Wu Zetian
During the rule of Wu Zetian, the city was known as Shendu (神都 divine capital)
For the rest of Emperor Gaozong's reign, Emperor Gaozong and she often took up residence at the eastern capital Luoyang and only infrequently spent time in Chang'an.)

Campaign against Dong Zhuo

campaigncoalition against Dong Zhuoa campaign
In 190 AD, Chancellor Dong Zhuo ordered his soldiers to ransack, pillage, and raze the city as he retreated from the coalition set up against him by regional lords all across China.
The campaign led to the evacuation of the capital Luoyang and the shifting of the imperial court to Chang'an.

Song dynasty

SongSouthern Song dynastyNorthern Song dynasty
It has been called, during various periods, "Dongdu" (东都, meaning the Eastern Capital, during the Tang dynasty), "Xijing" (西京, meaning the Western Capital, during the Song dynasty), or "Jingluo" (京洛, meaning the general capital for China).
The Mongols were allied with the Song, but this alliance was broken when the Song recaptured the former imperial capitals of Kaifeng, Luoyang, and Chang'an at the collapse of the Jin dynasty.

Cao Wei

WeiKingdom of WeiWei Dynasty
Following a period of disorder, during which warlord Cao Cao held the last Han emperor Xian in Xuchang (196–220), Luoyang was restored to prominence when his son Cao Pi, Emperor Wen of the Wei dynasty, declared it his capital in 220 AD.
With its capital initially located at Xuchang, and thereafter Luoyang, the state was established by Cao Pi in 220, based upon the foundations laid by his father, Cao Cao, towards the end of the Eastern Han dynasty.

Yellow Turban Rebellion

Yellow Turban rebelsWhite Wave BanditsYellow Turbans
The decline was accelerated by the rebellion of the Yellow Turbans, who, although defeated by the Imperial troops in 184 AD, weakened the state to the point where there was a continuing series of rebellions degenerating into civil war, culminating in the burning of the Han capital of Luoyang on 24 September 189 AD.
Zhang Jue planned a rising throughout the Han Empire, but before the call to arms had been issued the plan was betrayed, the rebel sympathisers in Luoyang were arrested and executed, and the revolt in the provinces had to begin ahead of time, in the second month of 184.

Prefecture-level city

Prefectureprefecture-level citiesCity
Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast.

Zhongyuan

Central PlainsCentral PlainChinese heartland
Situated on the central plain of China, Luoyang is one of the cradles of Chinese civilization, and is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.
In the pre-Qin era, present-day Luoyang and its nearby areas were considered the “Center of the World”, as the political seat of the Xia dynasty was located around Songshan and the Yi-Luo river basin.

Cao Cao

Cho Choambitious ruler of Chinaan imperial chancellor
Following a period of disorder, during which warlord Cao Cao held the last Han emperor Xian in Xuchang (196–220), Luoyang was restored to prominence when his son Cao Pi, Emperor Wen of the Wei dynasty, declared it his capital in 220 AD.
At the age of 20, Cao Cao was appointed district captain of Luoyang.

Chang'an

ChanganChang-AnChang’an
The court was subsequently moved to the more defensible western city of Chang'an.
Initially, Emperor Liu Bang decided to build his capital at the center of the sun, which according to Chinese geography was in modern Luoyang.

Jin dynasty (266–420)

Jin dynastyJinJin Dynasty (265-420)
The Jin dynasty, successor to Wei, was also established in Luoyang.
The Western Jin (266–316) was established as a successor state to Cao Wei after Sima Yan usurped the throne, and had its capital at Luoyang and later Chang'an (modern Xi'an); Western Jin reunited China in 280, but fairly shortly thereafter fell into a succession crisis, civil war, and suffered from the invasions instigated by the "Five Barbarians (Wu Hu)."