Lupara

A homemade lupara

Italian word used to refer to a sawed-off shotgun of the break-open type.

- Lupara
A homemade lupara

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A sawn-off break-open shotgun of the type commonly known as a lupara

Sawed-off shotgun

Type of shotgun with a shorter gun barrel—typically under 18 in—and often a shortened or absent stock.

Type of shotgun with a shorter gun barrel—typically under 18 in—and often a shortened or absent stock.

A sawn-off break-open shotgun of the type commonly known as a lupara
This short-barrelled shotgun was manufactured with a reduced-length barrel, rather than being modified after its manufacture.
Fabarm FP6 Entry – features a 14-inch barrel and is classified as a short-barrelled shotgun in the U.S.

A sawn-off shotgun with exposed, manually cocked hammers and dual triggers is known as a lupara ("wolf-shot") in Italy and, while associated with organized crime, was originally used by Sicilian farmers and shepherds to protect their vineyards and flocks of animals.

David Hennessy

Police chief of New Orleans, Louisiana.

Police chief of New Orleans, Louisiana.

Hennessy memorial tomb

It is likely that the gunmen were wielding sawn-off shotguns — known in Italian terms as lupara — a common type of execution among Mafiosi.

A homemade lupara

Lupara bianca

A homemade lupara

Lupara bianca ("white lupara") is a journalistic term for a Mafia murder done in such a way that the victim's body is never found.

Cesare Terranova

Italian judge and politician from Sicily notable for his anti-Mafia stance.

Italian judge and politician from Sicily notable for his anti-Mafia stance.

The slain body of judge Cesare Terranova (Photo: Letizia Battaglia)

Angelo La Barbera got 22 years and Tommaso Buscetta 14 years for two so-called “white deaths” - the so-called lupara bianca which is used to refer to a mafia-style murder in which the victim's body is deliberately hidden.

Arrest of Antonio Salamone in São Paulo in 1993

Antonio Salamone

Member of the Sicilian Mafia and a member of the first Sicilian Mafia Commission.

Member of the Sicilian Mafia and a member of the first Sicilian Mafia Commission.

Arrest of Antonio Salamone in São Paulo in 1993

He was considered to be a victim of a lupara bianca – a mafia-style murder in which the victim's body is deliberately hidden.

1900 map of Mafia presence in Sicily. Towns with Mafia activity are marked as red dots. The Mafia operated mostly in the west, in areas of rich agricultural productivity.

Greco Mafia clan

Historically one of the most influential Mafia clans in Sicily and Calabria, from the late 19th century.

Historically one of the most influential Mafia clans in Sicily and Calabria, from the late 19th century.

1900 map of Mafia presence in Sicily. Towns with Mafia activity are marked as red dots. The Mafia operated mostly in the west, in areas of rich agricultural productivity.

The Ciaculli faction reacted a few months later when two of Piddu the lieutenant's men were shot with a lupara, the typical Sicilian short-barrelled shotgun.

Deadliest Warrior title screen

List of Deadliest Warrior episodes

List of episodes for Deadliest Warrior.

List of episodes for Deadliest Warrior.

Deadliest Warrior title screen

Mafia weapons: Baseball Bat, Sawed-Off Shotgun, Tommy Gun, Molotov Cocktail, Ice Pick

Paolo Violi

Italian-Canadian mobster and capodecina in the Cotroni crime family of Montreal.

Italian-Canadian mobster and capodecina in the Cotroni crime family of Montreal.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police chart of the Bonanno crime family's crew (decina) in Montreal

Just under a year after Francesco Violi’s murder, on 22 January 1978, Paolo Violi was shot in the head at close range with a lupara in the Bar Jean-Talon after being invited to play cards by Vincenzo Randisi.

Rioters break into Parish Prison. History of the United States, Scribner, New York. 1912.

March 14, 1891 New Orleans lynchings

The March 14, 1891, New Orleans lynchings were the murders of 11 Italian Americans and immigrants in New Orleans, Louisiana, by a mob for their alleged role in the murder of police chief David Hennessy after some of them had been acquitted at trial.

The March 14, 1891, New Orleans lynchings were the murders of 11 Italian Americans and immigrants in New Orleans, Louisiana, by a mob for their alleged role in the murder of police chief David Hennessy after some of them had been acquitted at trial.

Rioters break into Parish Prison. History of the United States, Scribner, New York. 1912.
Artist's conception of Hennessy's murder. "Scene of the Assassination", The Mascot, New Orleans, 1890.
William S. Parkerson inciting the mob. Harper's Weekly, March 28, 1891.
Rioters outside Parish Prison
Cartoon that appeared in Puck on March 25, 1891.

One was a muzzle-loading shotgun,of a type which was widely used throughout the American South, but which the New Orleans Police Department claimed was a lupara, a "favorite" weapon of the Sicilian Mafia.

Series of individual 1/1,000,000-second exposures showing shotgun firing shot and wadding separation

Shotgun

Long-barreled firearm designed to shoot a straight-walled cartridge known as a shotshell, which usually discharges numerous small pellet-like spherical sub-projectiles called shot, or sometimes a single solid projectile called a slug.

Long-barreled firearm designed to shoot a straight-walled cartridge known as a shotshell, which usually discharges numerous small pellet-like spherical sub-projectiles called shot, or sometimes a single solid projectile called a slug.

Series of individual 1/1,000,000-second exposures showing shotgun firing shot and wadding separation
Vincent Hancock in the men's skeet finals at the 2008 Summer Olympics
A Gurkha Contingent trooper in Singapore armed with a folding stock pump shotgun
An American marine fires a Benelli M4 shotgun during training in Arta, Djibouti, 23 December 2006
Confederate cavalryman
A United States Marine carrying a Winchester M97 shotgun during World War II
A view of the break-action of a typical double-barrelled shotgun, shown with the action open
A Winchester M1897, one of the first successful pump-action shotgun designs
A modern reproduction of the Winchester M1887 lever-action shotgun
Closeup of MTs255
A Browning A-5 semi-automatic shotgun
A United States Army soldier armed with a Mossberg 500 shotgun
Bond Arms Cowboy Defender .45 Colt/.410 Shotshell Derringer
U.S. Marines fire their shotguns
Loading 12-gauge shells
Two rounds of Fiocchi 12-gauge rubber buckshot
A homemade lupara
A RCMP officer in 2010 armed with a shotgun outfitted to fire beanbag rounds
Barack Obama skeet shooting with a Browning Citori 525 on the range at Camp David

The sawed-off shotgun is sometimes known as a "lupara" (in Italian a generic reference to the word "lupo" ("wolf")) in Southern Italy and Sicily.