Luxembourg government in exile

LuxembourgLuxembourg government-in-exileLuxembourgish government-in-exileLuxembourgish governments in exilegovernment in exileGovernment-in-exilea government-in-exileFree LuxembourgGovt. in Exileher exile
The Luxembourgish government in exile (Lëtzebuerger Exil Regierung, Gouvernement luxembourgeois en exil, Luxemburgische Exilregierung), also known as the Luxembourgish government in London, was the government in exile of Luxembourg during the Second World War.wikipedia
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Luxembourg

Grand Duchy of LuxembourgLUXLuxemburg
The Luxembourgish government in exile (Lëtzebuerger Exil Regierung, Gouvernement luxembourgeois en exil, Luxemburgische Exilregierung), also known as the Luxembourgish government in London, was the government in exile of Luxembourg during the Second World War. On 10 May 1940, neutral Luxembourg was invaded by German troops as part of a wider attack on France.
A government in exile based in London supported the Allies, sending a small group of volunteers who participated in the Normandy invasion.

German invasion of Luxembourg

Luxembourginvasion of LuxembourgGerman invasion
On 10 May 1940, neutral Luxembourg was invaded by German troops as part of a wider attack on France.
The Luxembourgish government, and Grand Duchess Charlotte, managed to escape the country and a government-in-exile was created in London.

Pierre Dupong

It was led by Pierre Dupong, and also included three other Ministers.
Between 1940 and 1944, Dupong then led the Luxembourgish government-in-exile, after Luxembourg had been occupied by Nazi Germany.

Belgian government in exile

BelgiumBelgianBelgian government
It was located only a few hundred metres from the Belgian government in exile in Eaton Square.
The offices of the Belgian government were situated close to other governments-in-exile, including Luxembourg, in Wilton Crescent, and the Netherlands in Piccadilly.

Wilton Crescent

Wilton Terrace
The government was located in 27 Wilton Crescent in Belgravia, London which now serves as the Luxembourgish Embassy in London.
27 (formerly home to the Luxembourgish government-in-exile).

Embassy of Luxembourg, London

27 Wilton CrescentEmbassyEmbassy of Luxembourg
The government was located in 27 Wilton Crescent in Belgravia, London which now serves as the Luxembourgish Embassy in London.
It was the home of the Luxembourg government-in-exile during the Second World War.

Government in exile

government-in-exilein exileexile government
The Luxembourgish government in exile (Lëtzebuerger Exil Regierung, Gouvernement luxembourgeois en exil, Luxemburgische Exilregierung), also known as the Luxembourgish government in London, was the government in exile of Luxembourg during the Second World War.

Declaration by United Nations

United NationsDeclaration of the United Nationsembryonic United Nations
Thus, Luxembourg signed the declaration of St James's Palace (12 June 1941) and the Declaration by United Nations (Washington, 1 January 1942), adhered to the Atlantic Charter (14 August 1941) and participated in the Bretton Woods Conference (July 1944) which put in place a new international monetary system.
The twenty-two other original signatories in the next day (2 January 1942) were: the four Dominions of the British Commonwealth (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa); eight European governments-in-exile (Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Yugoslavia); nine countries in The Americas (Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama); and one non-independent government, the British-appointed Government of India.

German occupation of Luxembourg during World War II

German occupationGerman occupation of Luxembourg in World War IIGerman occupation of Luxembourg
The government was based in London between 1940 and 1944, while Luxembourg was occupied by Nazi Germany.

Luxembourg in World War II

Luxembourgoccupation of LuxembourgFree Luxembourgish Forces
Shortly before the surrender, the government had fled the country along with Grand Duchess Charlotte, eventually arriving in London, where a Government-in-exile was formed.

Guillaume Konsbruck

Major Guillaume Konsbruck served as aide de camp to the Grand Duchess during her exile.
Konsbruck fled Europe following the Invasion of Luxembourg and served as aide de camp to Grand Duchess Charlotte during her exile in World War II.

List of prime ministers of Luxembourg

Prime MinisterPrime Minister of LuxembourgPresident of the Government of Luxembourg

Joseph Bech

In World War II Bech was the Foreign Minister of the Luxembourg government-in-exile in London.

Operation Overlord

Battle of NormandyNormandyNormandy Campaign
The battery landed in Normandy with rest of the Brigade Piron on 6 August 1944 and served in the Battle of Normandy and was involved in the Liberation of Brussels on 4 September 1944.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The Luxembourgish government in exile (Lëtzebuerger Exil Regierung, Gouvernement luxembourgeois en exil, Luxemburgische Exilregierung), also known as the Luxembourgish government in London, was the government in exile of Luxembourg during the Second World War.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
The government was based in London between 1940 and 1944, while Luxembourg was occupied by Nazi Germany.

Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

CharlotteGrand Duchess CharlotteGrand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg
The head of state, Grand Duchess Charlotte, also escaped from Luxembourg after the occupation.

Party of the Right (Luxembourg)

Party of the RightPDpredecessor
The government was bipartite, including two members from both the Party of the Right (PD) and the Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP).

Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party

LSAPSocialist PartySocialist Workers' Party
The government was bipartite, including two members from both the Party of the Right (PD) and the Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP).

Belgravia

Belgravia, LondonBelgravia DistrictChester Square
The government was located in 27 Wilton Crescent in Belgravia, London which now serves as the Luxembourgish Embassy in London.

Eaton Square

EatonEaton Place
It was located only a few hundred metres from the Belgian government in exile in Eaton Square.

Dupong-Krier Ministry

Dupong-Krier
The same day, the Luxembourgish government, then under the Dupong-Krier Ministry, fled the country.

Phoney War

Phony WarDrôle de guerreSitzkrieg
The outbreak of World War II on 1 September 1939 and the ensuing Phoney War had made it possible to predict a violation of Luxembourgish neutrality, so that the government decided it would depart into exile if the country was completely occupied by German forces.

Nicholas Margue

Nicolas Margue
The advance of German troops was so rapid that one of the ministers, Nicolas Margue, was captured by the invaders.

Chamber of Deputies (Luxembourg)

Chamber of DeputiesChamber of Deputies of Luxembourgparliament
So as not to compromise the action of his colleagues, he informed the Chamber of Deputies that due to his circumstances, he felt obliged to provisionally renounce the exercise of his functions as minister.