Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon JohnsonJohnsonLyndon Baines JohnsonPresident JohnsonPresident Lyndon B. JohnsonPresident Lyndon JohnsonJohnson administrationLBJLyndon B JohnsonL. Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to by the initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969.wikipedia
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1948 United States Senate election in Texas

19481948 Democratic primary election runoff for United States Senator from TexasElected in 1948
Johnson won election to the United States Senate from Texas in 1948 after winning the Democratic Party's nomination by an extremely narrow margin that was manufactured by friendly political machines.
After the Democratic Party primary in July, a runoff was held in August in which U.S. Congressman Lyndon B. Johnson defeated former Texas governor Coke Stevenson by eighty-seven votes.

1964 United States presidential election

19641964 presidential election1964 election
The following year, Johnson won in a landslide, defeating Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona.
Incumbent Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee.

John F. Kennedy

KennedyPresident KennedyJohn Kennedy
Although unsuccessful, he accepted the invitation of then-Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts to be his running mate.
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the presidency upon Kennedy's death.

Great Society

National Data BankThe Great SocietyCivil Rights Act
In domestic policy, Johnson designed the "Great Society" legislation to expand civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, the arts, urban and rural development, public services and his "War on Poverty".
The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964–65.

Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.

Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.LodgeHenry Cabot Lodge
They went on to win a close election over the Republican ticket of Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated and Johnson succeeded him as president.
The Republican ticket lost to Democrats John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Barry Goldwater

Barry M. GoldwaterGoldwaterBarry Morris Goldwater
The following year, Johnson won in a landslide, defeating Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona.
Goldwater's platform ultimately failed to gain the support of the electorate and he lost the 1964 presidential election to incumbent Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson.

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

assassinationJohn F. Kennedy assassinationassassinated
They went on to win a close election over the Republican ticket of Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated and Johnson succeeded him as president. Formerly the 37th vice president from 1961 to 1963, he assumed the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson automatically assumed the Presidency upon Kennedy's death.

Medicare (United States)

MedicareMedicare (US)Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act
In domestic policy, Johnson designed the "Great Society" legislation to expand civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, the arts, urban and rural development, public services and his "War on Poverty".
In July 1965, under the leadership of President Lyndon Johnson, Congress enacted Medicare under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide health insurance to people age 65 and older, regardless of income or medical history.

Modern liberalism in the United States

liberalliberalsLiberalism
Johnson's presidency marked the peak of modern liberalism after the New Deal era.
Major examples include Theodore Roosevelt's New Nationalism, Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom, Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, Harry S. Truman's Fair Deal, John F. Kennedy's New Frontier and Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in VietnamSecond Indochina War
In foreign policy, Johnson escalated American involvement in the Vietnam War.
in response, the U.S Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authorization to increase U.S. military presence.

Democratic Party (United States)

DemocraticDemocratDemocratic Party
A Democrat from Texas, Johnson also served as a United States Representative and as the Majority Leader in the United States Senate.
Kennedy's successor Lyndon B. Johnson was able to persuade the largely conservative Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with a more progressive Congress in 1965 passed much of the Great Society, which consisted of an array of social programs designed to help the poor.

Sam Houston Johnson

Johnson had one brother, Sam Houston Johnson, and three sisters, Rebekah, Josefa, and Lucia.
He was the younger brother of President Lyndon B. Johnson.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

Tonkin Gulf Resolutiontotal involvementa resolution
In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which granted Johnson the power to use military force in Southeast Asia without having to ask for an official declaration of war.
It is of historic significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of conventional military force in Southeast Asia.

1968 Democratic Party presidential primaries

1968 Democratic primaries1968 Democratic presidential primaries1968
In 1968, the Democratic Party factionalized as anti-war elements denounced Johnson; he ended his bid for renomination after a disappointing finish in the New Hampshire primary.
Though President Lyndon B. Johnson had served during two presidential terms, the 22nd Amendment did not disqualify Johnson from running for another term, because he had only served 14 months following John F. Kennedy's assassination before being sworn in for his 'full' term in January 1965.

Samuel Ealy Johnson Sr.

Samuel Ealy Johnson, Sr.Samuel E. Johnson
Johnson's grandfather, Samuel Ealy Johnson Sr., was raised as a Baptist and for a time was a member of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ).
He was the paternal grandfather of future US President Lyndon B. Johnson.

New Deal

The New DealHundred Days Congressfirst hundred days
Johnson's presidency marked the peak of modern liberalism after the New Deal era.
In the 1960s, Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society used the New Deal as inspiration for a dramatic expansion of liberal programs, which Republican Richard Nixon generally retained.

Stonewall, Texas

Stonewall
Born in a farmhouse in Stonewall, Texas, Johnson was a high school teacher and worked as a congressional aide before winning election to the US House of Representatives in 1937.
Stonewall is the birthplace and deathplace of former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, and his "LBJ Ranch" (much of which is now the Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park) is located nearby.

Texas State University

Southwest Texas State UniversityTexas StateTexas State University–San Marcos
In 1926, Johnson managed to enroll at SWTSTC (now Texas State University).
The 36th President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson, graduated from the institution in 1930.

Johnson City, Texas

Johnson City
The nearby small town of Johnson City, Texas, was named after LBJ's father's cousin, James Polk Johnson, whose forebears had moved west from Georgia.
Johnson City was the hometown of President Lyndon Johnson and was founded by James Polk Johnson, nephew of Samuel Ealy Johnson, Sr. and uncle to President Johnson.

Lady Bird Johnson

Lady BirdLadybird JohnsonClaudia Alta Taylor "Lady Bird" Johnson
Johnson married Claudia Alta Taylor, also known as "Lady Bird", of Karnack, Texas on November 17, 1934, after he attended Georgetown University Law Center for several months.
Claudia Alta "Lady Bird" Johnson (née Taylor; December 22, 1912 – July 11, 2007) was an American socialite and the First Lady of the United States (1963–1969) as the wife of the 36th President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson.

Higher Education Act of 1965

Higher Education ActHigher Education Opportunity ActHigher Education Opportunity Act of 2008
When he returned to San Marcos in 1965, after signing the Higher Education Act of 1965, Johnson reminisced:
The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) was legislation signed into United States law on November 8, 1965, as part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society domestic agenda.

Sam Rayburn

Samuel T. RayburnRayburnSamuel Taliaferro Rayburn
Johnson's friends soon included aides to President Roosevelt as well as fellow Texans such as Vice President John Nance Garner and Congressman Sam Rayburn.
Rayburn was a protege of John Nance Garner and a mentor to Lyndon B. Johnson.

Baylor University

BaylorBaylor University PressBaylor College
Baines, the grandfather of Johnson's mother, was also the president of Baylor University during the American Civil War.
For the first half of the American Civil War, the Baylor president was George Washington Baines, maternal great-grandfather of the future U.S. President, Lyndon B. Johnson.

Robert Caro

Robert A. CaroCaro, Robert A.Caro, Robert
As Johnson's biographer Robert Caro observes, "Johnson's ambition was uncommon—in the degree to which it was unencumbered by even the slightest excess weight of ideology, of philosophy, of principles, of beliefs."
Robert Allan Caro (born October 30, 1935) is an American journalist and author known for his biographies of United States political figures Robert Moses and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Vice President of the United States

Vice PresidentU.S. Vice Presidentvice presidential
Formerly the 37th vice president from 1961 to 1963, he assumed the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
In addition to Tyler, they are Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester A. Arthur, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S. Truman, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Gerald Ford.