Métis

Métis peopleMetisMetis peopleCanadian MétismusteesMétissagecreoleFrench Canadian-Creeintermarriedmeti
The Métis (/meɪˈtiː/) are a polyethnic Indigenous group whose homeland is in Canada and parts of the United States between the Great Lakes region and the Rocky Mountains.wikipedia
561 Related Articles

Métis in Canada

MétisMetisMétis people
Since the late 20th century, the Métis in Canada have been recognized as a distinct aboriginal people under the Constitution Act of 1982; and have a population of 587,545 as of 2016.
Canadian Métis represent the majority of people that identify as Métis, although there are a number of Métis in the United States.

Manitoba

MBManitoba, CanadaProvince of Manitoba
Smaller communities self-identifying as Métis exist in the U.S ., such as the Little Shell Tribe of Montana. The Métis ethnogenesis began in the fur trade, and they have been an important group in the history of Canada, as well as the foundation of the province of Manitoba.
Métis leader Louis Riel also chose the name, and it was accepted in Ottawa under the Manitoba Act of 1870.

Metis in the United States

MétisMetisMétis in the United States
The Métis have homelands and communities in the U.S., as well as in Canada, that have been separated by the drawing of the U.S.-Canada border at the 49th parallel North.
The Métis in the United States are a specific culture and community of Métis people, who descend from unions between Native American and early European colonist parents - usually Indigenous women who married French (and later Scottish, English ) men who worked as fur trappers and traders during the 18th and 19th centuries at the height of the fur trade.

Métis Nation of Alberta

Metis Nation of AlbertaMétis Association of AlbertaMétis Local
The Métis Nation of Alberta (MNA) was formed in 1932 as the Métis Association of Alberta.

Métis Nation of Ontario

MétisMétis Nation of Ontario Youth Council
This case was funded by the Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO), a provincial affiliate of the MNC.
The Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO) is the official political organization that represents Métis people in Ontario.

Constitution Act, 1982

Constitution Act 1982Constitution Act of 1982Constitution Act
Since the late 20th century, the Métis in Canada have been recognized as a distinct aboriginal people under the Constitution Act of 1982; and have a population of 587,545 as of 2016.
Subsection 35(2) provides that aboriginal and treaty rights extend to Indian, Inuit, and Métis peoples and subsection 35(4), which was added in 1983, ensures that they "are guaranteed equally to any male and female persons".

Little Shell Band of Chippewa Indians

Little Shell ChippewaLittle Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Some began to identify as Métis, today recognized as one of the Indigenous Peoples of Canada.

Anglo-Métis

Anglo-MetisCountry-bornCountryborn
Additionally, the Anglo-Métis / Countryborn had a more sedentary lifestyle of farming than the francophone Métis community, whose men were generally hunters and trappers.

Cree language

Creelanguagecre
Both languages were spoken by members of the Métis, the Voyageurs, and European settlers of Western Canada and parts of the Northern United States.

Polyethnicity

polyethnicdiversemultiethnic
The Métis (/meɪˈtiː/) are a polyethnic Indigenous group whose homeland is in Canada and parts of the United States between the Great Lakes region and the Rocky Mountains.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
The Métis (/meɪˈtiː/) are a polyethnic Indigenous group whose homeland is in Canada and parts of the United States between the Great Lakes region and the Rocky Mountains.

Great Lakes region

Great LakesGreat Lakes StatesGreat Lakes area
The Métis (/meɪˈtiː/) are a polyethnic Indigenous group whose homeland is in Canada and parts of the United States between the Great Lakes region and the Rocky Mountains.

Rocky Mountains

RockiesRocky MountainRocky Mountain Region
The Métis (/meɪˈtiː/) are a polyethnic Indigenous group whose homeland is in Canada and parts of the United States between the Great Lakes region and the Rocky Mountains.

European colonization of the Americas

European colonizationwhite settlersEuropean settlement
The Métis trace their descent to both Indigenous North Americans and European settlers.

Indigenous peoples in Canada

AboriginalIndigenousAboriginal peoples in Canada
Since the late 20th century, the Métis in Canada have been recognized as a distinct aboriginal people under the Constitution Act of 1982; and have a population of 587,545 as of 2016. The Métis (/meɪˈtiː/) are a polyethnic Indigenous group whose homeland is in Canada and parts of the United States between the Great Lakes region and the Rocky Mountains.

Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Little Shell Tribe of ChippewaLittle Shell Tribe
Smaller communities self-identifying as Métis exist in the U.S ., such as the Little Shell Tribe of Montana. The Métis ethnogenesis began in the fur trade, and they have been an important group in the history of Canada, as well as the foundation of the province of Manitoba.

Montana

MTState of MontanaMontana, USA
Smaller communities self-identifying as Métis exist in the U.S ., such as the Little Shell Tribe of Montana. The Métis ethnogenesis began in the fur trade, and they have been an important group in the history of Canada, as well as the foundation of the province of Manitoba.

49th parallel north

49th parallel49° N49° north
The Métis have homelands and communities in the U.S., as well as in Canada, that have been separated by the drawing of the U.S.-Canada border at the 49th parallel North.

Guadeloupe

GuadaloupeBasse-Terre IslandBasse-Terre
It later came to be used for people of mixed European and Indigenous backgrounds in other French colonies, including Guadeloupe in the Caribbean; Senegal in West Africa; Algeria in North Africa; and the former French Indochina in Southeast Asia.

Senegal

SenegaleseSENSénégal
It later came to be used for people of mixed European and Indigenous backgrounds in other French colonies, including Guadeloupe in the Caribbean; Senegal in West Africa; Algeria in North Africa; and the former French Indochina in Southeast Asia.

Algeria

AlgerianPeople's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaAlgérie
It later came to be used for people of mixed European and Indigenous backgrounds in other French colonies, including Guadeloupe in the Caribbean; Senegal in West Africa; Algeria in North Africa; and the former French Indochina in Southeast Asia.

French Indochina

IndochinaFrench Indo-ChinaFrench colonial rule
It later came to be used for people of mixed European and Indigenous backgrounds in other French colonies, including Guadeloupe in the Caribbean; Senegal in West Africa; Algeria in North Africa; and the former French Indochina in Southeast Asia.

Battle of Seven Oaks

Battle of Seven Oaks (1816)its conflictSeven Oaks
Some argue that the ethnogenesis of the Métis began when the Métis organized politically at the Battle of Seven Oaks, while others argue that the ethnogenesis began prior to this politicized battle, before the Métis emigrated from the Great Lakes region to the Western plains.